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Erstellen und Testen eines Swift-Projekts

Du kannst einen Continuous-Integration-Workflow (CI) erstellen, um dein Swift-Projekt zu erstellen und zu testen.

Note: GitHub-hosted runners are not currently supported on GitHub Enterprise Server. You can see more information about planned future support on the GitHub public roadmap.

Introduction

This guide shows you how to build and test a Swift package.

GitHub-hosted runners have a tools cache with preinstalled software, and the Ubuntu and macOS runners include the dependencies for building Swift packages. For a full list of up-to-date software and the preinstalled versions of Swift and Xcode, see "Using GitHub-hosted runners."

Prerequisites

You should already be familiar with YAML syntax and how it's used with GitHub Actions. For more information, see "Workflow syntax for GitHub Actions."

We recommend that you have a basic understanding of Swift packages. For more information, see "Swift Packages" in the Apple developer documentation.

Using a Swift starter workflow

To get started quickly, add a starter workflow to the .github/workflows directory of your repository.

GitHub provides a starter workflow for Swift that should work for most Swift projects. The subsequent sections of this guide give examples of how you can customize this starter workflow.

  1. On your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Under your repository name, click Actions.

    Screenshot of the tabs for the "github/docs" repository. The "Actions" tab is highlighted with an orange outline.

  3. If you already have a workflow in your repository, click New workflow.

  4. The "Choose a workflow" page shows a selection of recommended starter workflows. Search for "swift".

  5. Filter the selection of workflows by clicking Continuous integration.

  6. On the "Swift" workflow, click Configure.

    If you don't find the "Swift" starter workflow, copy the following workflow code to a new file called swift.yml in the .github/workflows directory of your repository.

    YAML
    name: Swift
    
    on:
      push:
        branches: [ "main" ]
      pull_request:
        branches: [ "main" ]
    
    jobs:
      build:
        runs-on: macos-latest
    
        steps:
        - uses: actions/checkout@v4
        - name: Build
          run: swift build -v
        - name: Run tests
          run: swift test -v
    
  7. Edit the workflow as required. For example, change the branch on which the workflow will run.

  8. Click Commit changes.

Specifying a Swift version

To use a specific preinstalled version of Swift on a GitHub-hosted runner, use the swift-actions/setup-swift action. This action finds a specific version of Swift from the tools cache on the runner and adds the necessary binaries to PATH. These changes will persist for the remainder of a job. For more information, see the swift-actions/setup-swift action.

If you are using a self-hosted runner, you must install your desired Swift versions and add them to PATH.

The examples below demonstrate using the swift-actions/setup-swift action.

Using multiple Swift versions

You can configure your job to use multiple versions of Swift in a matrix.

YAML

# This workflow uses actions that are not certified by GitHub.
# They are provided by a third-party and are governed by
# separate terms of service, privacy policy, and support
# documentation.

# GitHub recommends pinning actions to a commit SHA.
# To get a newer version, you will need to update the SHA.
# You can also reference a tag or branch, but the action may change without warning.

name: Swift

on: [push]

jobs:
  build:
    name: Swift ${{ matrix.swift }} on ${{ matrix.os }}
    strategy:
      matrix:
        os: [ubuntu-latest, macos-latest]
        swift: ["5.2", "5.3"]
    runs-on: ${{ matrix.os }}
    steps:
      - uses: swift-actions/setup-swift@65540b95f51493d65f5e59e97dcef9629ddf11bf
        with:
          swift-version: ${{ matrix.swift }}
      - uses: actions/checkout@v4
      - name: Build
        run: swift build
      - name: Run tests
        run: swift test

Using a single specific Swift version

You can configure your job to use a single specific version of Swift, such as 5.3.3.

YAML
steps:
  - uses: swift-actions/setup-swift@65540b95f51493d65f5e59e97dcef9629ddf11bf
    with:
      swift-version: "5.3.3"
  - name: Get swift version
    run: swift --version # Swift 5.3.3

Building and testing your code

You can use the same commands that you use locally to build and test your code using Swift. This example demonstrates how to use swift build and swift test in a job:

YAML
steps:
  - uses: actions/checkout@v4
  - uses: swift-actions/setup-swift@65540b95f51493d65f5e59e97dcef9629ddf11bf
    with:
      swift-version: "5.3.3"
  - name: Build
    run: swift build
  - name: Run tests
    run: swift test