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Diese Version von GitHub Enterprise Server wird eingestellt am 2024-06-29. Es wird keine Patch-Freigabe vorgenommen, auch nicht für kritische Sicherheitsprobleme. Für bessere Leistung, verbesserte Sicherheit und neue Features aktualisiere auf die neueste Version von GitHub Enterprise Server. Wende dich an den GitHub Enterprise-Support, um Hilfe zum Upgrade zu erhalten.

Configuring code scanning for your appliance

You can enable, configure, and disable code scanning for GitHub Enterprise Server. Code scanning allows users to scan code for vulnerabilities and errors.

Wer kann dieses Feature verwenden?

Code scanning ist für organisationseigene Repositorys in GitHub Enterprise Server verfügbar. Dieses Feature erfordert eine Lizenz für GitHub Advanced Security. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Informationen zu GitHub Advanced Security.

About code scanning

Code scanning ist ein Feature, das du zum Analysieren des Codes in einem GitHub-Repository verwendest, um Sicherheitsrisiken und Codefehler zu finden. Alle von der Analyse ermittelten Probleme werden im Repository angezeigt.

You can configure code scanning to run CodeQL analysis and third-party analysis. Code scanning also supports running analysis natively using GitHub Actions or externally using existing CI/CD infrastructure. The bullets below summarize the options available to users when you configure Ihre GitHub Enterprise Server-Instance to allow code scanning using actions.

Checking whether your license includes GitHub Advanced Security

Du kannst ermitteln, ob dein Unternehmen über eine GitHub Advanced Security-Lizenz verfügt, indem du deine Unternehmenseinstellungen überprüfst. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Enabling GitHub Advanced Security for your enterprise.

Prerequisites for code scanning

Running code scanning using GitHub Actions

Provisioning a self-hosted runner

GitHub Enterprise Server can run code scanning using a GitHub Actions workflow. First, you need to provision one or more self-hosted GitHub Actions runners in your environment. You can provision self-hosted runners at the repository, organization, or enterprise account level. For more information, see "Informationen zu selbstgehosteten Runnern" and "Selbst-gehostete Runner hinzufügen."

If you are provisioning a self-hosted runner for CodeQL analysis, your runner must use a CodeQL-supported operating system version and CPU architecture. For more information, see the CodeQL system requirements.

If you are using default setup for code scanning, assign the code-scanning label to your self-hosted runner. For more information about using labels with self-hosted runners, see "Verwenden von Bezeichnungen mit selbstgehosteten Runnern."

You must ensure that Git is in the PATH variable on any self-hosted runners you use to run CodeQL actions.

Note: If you use CodeQL code scanning to analyze code written in Python in your enterprise, you must make sure that your self-hosted runner has Python 3 installed.

Provisioning a runner scale set

You can use Actions Runner Controller to create a dedicated runner scale set for your GitHub Enterprise Server instance. For more information, see "Bereitstellen von Runner-Skalierungsgruppen mit Actions Runner Controller."

Provisioning the actions for code scanning

If you want to use actions to run code scanning on GitHub Enterprise Server, the actions must be available on your appliance.

The CodeQL action is included in your installation of GitHub Enterprise Server. If both GitHub Enterprise Server 3.9 and your GitHub Actions runner have access to the internet, the action will automatically download the CodeQL 2.12.7 bundle required to perform analysis. Alternatively, you can use a synchronization tool to make the latest released version of the CodeQL analysis bundle available locally. For more information, see "Configuring CodeQL analysis on a server without internet access" below.

You can also make third-party actions available to users for code scanning, by setting up GitHub Connect. For more information, see "Configuring code scanning for your appliance" below.

Configuring CodeQL analysis on a server without internet access

If the server on which you are running GitHub Enterprise Server is not connected to the internet, and you want to allow users to enable CodeQL code scanning for their repositories, you must use the CodeQL action sync tool to copy the CodeQL analysis bundle from GitHub.com to your server. The tool, and details of how to use it, are available at https://github.com/github/codeql-action-sync-tool.

If you configure the CodeQL action sync tool, you can use it to sync the latest releases of the CodeQL action and associated CodeQL analysis bundle. These are compatible with GitHub Enterprise Server.

Configuring GitHub Connect to sync GitHub Actions

  1. If you want to download action workflows on demand from GitHub.com, you need to enable GitHub Connect. For more information, see "Managing GitHub Connect."
  2. You'll also need to enable GitHub Actions for Ihre GitHub Enterprise Server-Instance. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."
  3. The next step is to configure access to actions on GitHub.com using GitHub Connect. For more information, see "Enabling automatic access to GitHub.com actions using GitHub Connect."
  4. Add a self-hosted runner to your repository, organization, or enterprise account. For more information, see "Selbst-gehostete Runner hinzufügen."

Running code scanning using the CodeQL CLI

If you don't want to use GitHub Actions, you should run code scanning using the CodeQL CLI.

The CodeQL CLI is a command-line tool that you use to analyze codebases on any machine, including a third-party CI/CD system. For more information, see "Verwenden der Codeüberprüfung mit deinem vorhandenen CI-System."