Note: GitHub-hosted runners are not currently supported on GitHub Enterprise Server. You can see more information about planned future support on the GitHub public roadmap.
This guide shows you how to create a workflow that performs continuous integration (CI) for your Java project using the Gradle build system. The workflow you create will allow you to see when commits to a pull request cause build or test failures against your default branch; this approach can help ensure that your code is always healthy. You can extend your CI workflow to cache files and upload artifacts from a workflow run.
GitHub-hosted runners have a tools cache with pre-installed software, which includes Java Development Kits (JDKs) and Gradle. For a list of software and the pre-installed versions for JDK and Gradle, see "Specifications for GitHub-hosted runners".
You should be familiar with YAML and the syntax for GitHub Actions. For more information, see:
We recommend that you have a basic understanding of Java and the Gradle framework. For more information, see Getting Started in the Gradle documentation.
When using setup actions (such as
actions/setup-LANGUAGE) on GitHub Enterprise Server with self-hosted runners, you might need to set up the tools cache on runners that do not have internet access. For more information, see "Setting up the tool cache on self-hosted runners without internet access."
GitHub provides a Gradle workflow template that will work for most Gradle-based Java projects. For more information, see the Gradle workflow template.
To get started quickly, you can choose the preconfigured Gradle template when you create a new workflow. For more information, see the "GitHub Actions quickstart."
You can also add this workflow manually by creating a new file in the
.github/workflows directory of your repository.
This workflow performs the following steps:
checkoutstep downloads a copy of your repository on the runner.
setup-javastep configures the Java 11 JDK by Adoptium.
- The "Validate Gradle wrapper" step validates the checksums of Gradle Wrapper JAR files present in the source tree.
- The "Build with Gradle" step runs the
gradlewwrapper script to ensure that your code builds, tests pass, and a package can be created.
The default workflow templates are excellent starting points when creating your build and test workflow, and you can customize the template to suit your project’s needs.
The starter workflow template configures jobs to run on Linux, using the GitHub-hosted
ubuntu-latest runners. You can change the
runs-on key to run your jobs on a different operating system. For example, you can use the GitHub-hosted Windows runners.
Or, you can run on the GitHub-hosted macOS runners.
You can also run jobs in Docker containers, or you can provide a self-hosted runner that runs on your own infrastructure. For more information, see "Workflow syntax for GitHub Actions."
The starter workflow template sets up the
PATH to contain OpenJDK 8 for the x64 platform. If you want to use a different version of Java, or target a different architecture (
x86), you can use the
setup-java action to choose a different Java runtime environment.
For example, to use version 11 of the JDK provided by Adoptium for the x64 platform, you can use the
setup-java action and configure the
architecture parameters to
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - name: Set up JDK 11 for x64 uses: actions/setup-java@v2 with: java-version: '11' distribution: 'adopt' architecture: x64
For more information, see the
You can use the same commands that you use locally to build and test your code.
The starter workflow will run the
build task by default. In the default Gradle configuration, this command will download dependencies, build classes, run tests, and package classes into their distributable format, for example, a JAR file.
If you use different commands to build your project, or you want to use a different task, you can specify those. For example, you may want to run the
package task that's configured in your ci.gradle file.
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - uses: actions/setup-java@v2 with: java-version: '11' distribution: 'adopt' - name: Validate Gradle wrapper uses: gradle/wrapper-validation-action@e6e38bacfdf1a337459f332974bb2327a31aaf4b - name: Run the Gradle package task run: ./gradlew -b ci.gradle package
When using GitHub-hosted runners, you can cache your dependencies to speed up your workflow runs. After a successful run, your local Gradle package cache will be stored on GitHub Actions infrastructure. In future workflow runs, the cache will be restored so that dependencies don't need to be downloaded from remote package repositories. You can cache dependencies simply using the
setup-java action or can use
cache action for custom and more advanced configuration.
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - name: Set up JDK 11 uses: actions/setup-java@v2 with: java-version: '11' distribution: 'adopt' cache: gradle - name: Validate Gradle wrapper uses: gradle/wrapper-validation-action@e6e38bacfdf1a337459f332974bb2327a31aaf4b - name: Build with Gradle run: ./gradlew build - name: Cleanup Gradle Cache # Remove some files from the Gradle cache, so they aren't cached by GitHub Actions. # Restoring these files from a GitHub Actions cache might cause problems for future builds. run: | rm -f ~/.gradle/caches/modules-2/modules-2.lock rm -f ~/.gradle/caches/modules-2/gc.properties
This workflow will save the contents of your local Gradle package cache, located in the
.gradle/wrapper directories of the runner's home directory. The cache key will be the hashed contents of the gradle build files (including the Gradle wrapper properties file), so any changes to them will invalidate the cache.
After your build has succeeded and your tests have passed, you may want to upload the resulting Java packages as a build artifact. This will store the built packages as part of the workflow run, and allow you to download them. Artifacts can help you test and debug pull requests in your local environment before they're merged. For more information, see "Persisting workflow data using artifacts."
Gradle will usually create output files like JARs, EARs, or WARs in the
build/libs directory. You can upload the contents of that directory using the
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - uses: actions/setup-java@v2 with: java-version: '11' distribution: 'adopt' - name: Validate Gradle wrapper uses: gradle/wrapper-validation-action@e6e38bacfdf1a337459f332974bb2327a31aaf4b - run: ./gradlew build - uses: actions/upload-artifact@v2 with: name: Package path: build/libs