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Capacités et restrictions des comptes d’utilisateur managés

Si vous gérez de manière centralisée l’identité et l’accès pour vos membres d’entreprise sur GitHub à partir de votre fournisseur d’identité, certaines capacités et restrictions s’appliquent à l’expérience de vos utilisateurs sur GitHub.

With Enterprise Managed Users, you can control the user accounts of your enterprise members through your identity provider (IdP). See "About Enterprise Managed Users."

Managed user accounts can contribute only to private and internal repositories within their enterprise and their own private repositories. They have read-only access to the wider GitHub community. These visibility and access restrictions apply to all requests, including API requests.

Authentication

  • Managed user accounts authenticate using only your identity provider, and have no password or two-factor authentication methods stored on GitHub. As a result, they do not see the sudo prompt when taking sensitive actions.

GitHub Actions

  • Managed user accounts cannot create starter workflows for GitHub Actions.
  • Entitlement minutes for GitHub-hosted runners are not available for managed user accounts.
  • Enterprise Managed Users can trigger workflows in organizations where they are not members by forking the organization repository, then creating a pull request targeting the organization repository.

GitHub Apps

Managed user accounts:

  • Cannot install GitHub Apps on their user accounts.

  • Can install GitHub Apps on a repository if the app doesn't request organization permissions and if the managed user account has admin access to the repository.

  • Can install GitHub Apps on an organization if the managed user account is an organization owner.

  • Can create GitHub Apps and OAuth apps.

    Note: Even an OAuth app created by a managed user account or organization with managed users can be accessed by users outside the enterprise.

GitHub Codespaces

  • Managed user accounts can only create codespaces that are owned by the enterprise. This means that managed user accounts:
    • Can create codespaces for repositories owned by their organization, or forks of these repositories, provided that the organization can pay for GitHub Codespaces. See "Choosing who owns and pays for codespaces in your organization."
    • Cannot create codespaces for their personal repositories, any repositories outside their organizations, or GitHub's public templates for GitHub Codespaces.
    • Cannot publish a codespace created from a template to a new repository.

GitHub Copilot

  • Managed user accounts cannot sign up for GitHub Copilot Individual. To allow a managed user to use Copilot, you must grant the user access to a Copilot Business or Copilot Enterprise subscription. See "About GitHub Copilot."

GitHub Pages

  • Managed user accounts are limited in their use of GitHub Pages. See "About GitHub Pages."

Interactions

  • Managed user accounts can view all public repositories on GitHub.com, but cannot interact with repositories outside of the enterprise in any of the following ways:
    • Push code to the repository
    • Create issues or pull requests within the repository
    • Create or comment on discussions within the repository
    • Comment on issues or pull requests, or add reactions to comments
    • Star, watch, or fork the repository
  • Managed user accounts cannot follow users outside of the enterprise.

Repository management

  • You can choose whether managed user accounts are able to create repositories owned by their user accounts. See "Enforcing repository management policies in your enterprise."
  • If you allow managed user accounts to create repositories owned by their user accounts, they can only own private repositories and can only invite other enterprise members to collaborate on their user-owned repositories.
  • Managed user accounts cannot fork repositories from outside of the enterprise. They can fork private or internal repositories owned by organizations in the enterprise into their user account namespace or other organizations owned by the enterprise, as specified by enterprise policy.
  • Only private and internal repositories can be created in organizations owned by an enterprise with managed users, depending on organization and enterprise repository visibility settings.

Visibility and invitations

Managed user accounts:

  • Cannot be invited to organizations or repositories outside of the enterprise, or to other enterprises.
  • Are only visible, along with the content they create, to other members of the enterprise.
  • Cannot be seen, mentioned, or invited to collaborate by other GitHub users.
  • Can be added to organization-owned repositories as repository collaborators, giving them access to repositories in organizations where they are not members
  • Can be assigned the guest collaborator role, preventing them from accessing internal repositories in the enterprise except in organizations where they are added as members

Other restrictions

Managed user accounts:

  • Cannot create gists or comment on gists.
  • Cannot create personalized profiles.
  • Do not have access to the GitHub Certifications program.