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Merging a pull request

Merge a pull request into the upstream branch when work is completed. Anyone with push access to the repository can complete the merge.

About pull request merges

In a pull request, you propose that changes you've made on a head branch should be merged into a base branch. By default, any pull request can be merged at any time, unless the head branch is in conflict with the base branch. However, there may be restrictions on when you can merge a pull request into a specific branch. For example, you may only be able to merge a pull request into the default branch if required status checks are passing. For more information, see "About protected branches."

Du kannst einen Pull Request konfigurieren, um automatisch zusammenzuführen, wenn alle Zusammenführungsanforderungen erfüllt sind. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Automatisches Zusammenführen eines Pull Requests.

If the pull request has merge conflicts, or if you'd like to test the changes before merging, you can check out the pull request locally and merge it using the command line.

You can't merge a draft pull request. For more information about draft pull requests, see "About pull requests."

The repository may be configured so that the head branch for a pull request is automatically deleted when you merge a pull request. For more information, see "Managing the automatic deletion of branches."

Note: Wenn du einen Haupt-Branch löschst, nachdem sein Pull Request zusammengeführt wurde, wird GitHub auf offene Pull Requests für das gleiche Repository prüfen, die den gelöschten Branch als ihren Basis-Branch angeben. GitHub aktualisiert solche Pull Requests automatisch, indem es deren Basis-Branch auf den Basis-Branch des zusammengeführten Pull Requests ändert. For more information, see "About branches."

Pull requests are merged using the --no-ff option, except for pull requests with squashed or rebased commits, which are merged using the fast-forward option.

Du kannst einen Pull Request mit einem Issue verknüpfen, um zu zeigen, dass ein Fix in Arbeit ist und das Issue automatisch zu schließen, wenn jemand den Pull Request mergt. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Verknüpfen eines Pull Requests mit einem Issue.

If you decide you don't want the changes in a topic branch to be merged to the upstream branch, you can close the pull request without merging.

Merging a pull request

  1. Klicke unter dem Namen deines Repositorys auf Pull Requests. Auswählen der Registerkarte für Issues und Pull Requests

  2. In the "Pull Requests" list, click the pull request you'd like to merge.

  3. Depending on the merge options enabled for your repository, you can:

    Note: Rebase and merge will always update the committer information and create new commit SHAs. For more information, see "About pull request merges."

  4. If prompted, type a commit message, or accept the default message.

    Informationen zu den Standardcommitnachrichten für Squashmerges findest du unter Informationen zu Pull Request-Merges. Commit message field

  5. If you have more than one email address associated with your account on GitHub.com, click the email address drop-down menu and select the email address to use as the Git author email address. Only verified email addresses appear in this drop-down menu. If you enabled email address privacy, then <username>@users.noreply.github.com is the default commit author email address. For more information, see "Setting your commit email address." Choose commit email addresses

    Note: The email selector is not available for rebase merges, which do not create a merge commit. For squash merges, the email selector is only shown if you are the pull request author and you have more than one email address associated with your account.

  6. Click Confirm merge, Confirm squash and merge, or Confirm rebase and merge.

  7. Optionally, delete the branch. This keeps the list of branches in your repository tidy.

Weitere Informationen zu GitHub CLI findest du unter Informationen zu GitHub CLI.

To merge a pull request, use the gh pr merge subcommand. Replace pull-request with the number, URL, or head branch of the pull request.

gh pr merge PULL-REQUEST

Follow the interactive prompts to complete the merge. For more information about the merge methods that you can choose, see "About pull request merges."

Alternatively, you can use flags to skip the interactive prompts. For example, this command will squash the commits into a single commit with the commit message "my squash commit", merge the squashed commit into the base branch, and then delete the local and remote branch.

gh pr merge 523 --squash --body "my squash commit" --delete-branch

Further reading