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이 버전의 GitHub Enterprise Server는 다음 날짜에 중단됩니다. 2024-06-29. 중요한 보안 문제에 대해서도 패치 릴리스가 이루어지지 않습니다. 더 뛰어난 성능, 향상된 보안, 새로운 기능을 위해 최신 버전의 GitHub Enterprise Server로 업그레이드합니다. 업그레이드에 대한 도움말은 GitHub Enterprise 지원에 문의하세요.

Network ports

Open network ports selectively based on the network services you need to expose for administrators, end users, and email support.

Administrative ports

Some administrative ports are required to configure GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스 and run certain features. Administrative ports are not required for basic application use by end users.

PortServiceDescription
8443HTTPSSecure web-based 관리 콘솔. Required for basic installation and configuration.
8080HTTPPlain-text web-based 관리 콘솔. Not required unless TLS is disabled manually.
122SSHShell access for GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스. Required to be open to incoming connections between all nodes in a high availability configuration. The default SSH port (22) is dedicated to Git and SSH application network traffic.
1194/UDPVPNSecure replication network tunnel in high availability configuration. Required to be open for communication between all nodes in the configuration.
123/UDPNTPRequired for time protocol operation.
161/UDPSNMPRequired for network monitoring protocol operation.

Application ports for end users

Application ports provide web application and Git access for end users.

PortServiceDescription
443HTTPSAccess to the web application and Git over HTTPS.
80HTTPAccess to the web application. All requests are redirected to the HTTPS port if TLS is configured.
22SSHAccess to Git over SSH. Supports clone, fetch, and push operations to public and private repositories.
9418GitGit protocol port supports clone and fetch operations to public repositories with unencrypted network communication. 인스턴스에서 프라이빗 모드를 사용하도록 설정한 경우 익명 Git 읽기 액세스를 사용하도록 설정한 경우에만 이 포트를 여는 것이 필요합니다. 자세한 내용은 "Enforcing repository management policies in your enterprise"을(를) 참조하세요.

경고: 부하 분산 장치에서 HTTPS 연결을 종료할 때 부하 분산 장치에서 GitHub Enterprise Server로의 요청도 HTTPS를 사용해야 합니다. HTTP에 대한 연결을 다운그레이드하는 것은 지원되지 않습니다.

Email ports

Email ports must be accessible directly or via relay for inbound email support for end users.

PortServiceDescription
25SMTPSupport for SMTP with encryption (STARTTLS).

GitHub Actions ports

GitHub Actions ports must be accessible for self-hosted runners to connect to GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스. For more information, see "자체 호스트형 실행기 정보."

PortServiceDescription
443HTTPSSelf-hosted runners connect to GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스 to receive job assignments and to download new versions of the runner application. Required if TLS is configured.
80HTTPSelf-hosted runners connect to GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스 to receive job assignments and to download new versions of the runner application. Required if TLS is not configured.

If you enable automatic access to GitHub.com actions, GitHub Actions will always search for an action on GitHub Enterprise Server 인스턴스 first, via these ports, before checking GitHub.com. For more information, see "Enabling automatic access to GitHub.com actions using GitHub Connect."

GitHub Connect ports

If you enable GitHub Connect, the connection between GitHub Enterprise Server and GitHub.com uses HTTPS over ports 443 or 80, and TLS is required. For more information, see "About GitHub Connect."

Further reading