You can create a
.gitignore file in your repository's root directory to tell Git which files and directories to ignore when you make a commit.
To share the ignore rules with other users who clone the repository, commit the
.gitignore file in to your repository.
GitHub maintains an official list of recommended
.gitignore files for many popular operating systems, environments, and languages in the "github/gitignore" public repository. You can also use gitignore.io to create a
.gitignore file for your operating system, programming language, or IDE. For more information, see "github/gitignore" and the "gitignore.io" site.
Open TerminalTerminalGit Bash.
Navigate to the location of your Git repository.
.gitignorefile for your repository.
If the command succeeds, there will be no output.
For an example
.gitignore file, see "Some common .gitignore configurations" in the Octocat repository.
If you want to ignore a file that is already checked in, you must untrack the file before you add a rule to ignore it. From your terminal, untrack the file.
git rm --cached FILENAME
You can tell Git to always ignore certain files or directories when you make a commit in any Git repository on your computer. For example, you could use this feature to ignore any temporary backup files that your text editor creates.
To always ignore a certain file or directory, add it to a file named
ignore that's located inside the directory
~/.config/git. By default, Git will ignore any files and directories that are listed in the global configuration file
~/.config/git/ignore. If the
git directory and
ignore file don't exist yet, you may need to create them.
If you don't want to create a
.gitignore file to share with others, you can create rules that are not committed with the repository. You can use this technique for locally-generated files that you don't expect other users to generate, such as files created by your editor.
Use your favorite text editor to open the file called
.git/info/exclude within the root of your Git repository. Any rule you add here will not be checked in, and will only ignore files for your local repository.
- Open TerminalTerminalGit Bash.
- Navigate to the location of your Git repository.
- Using your favorite text editor, open the file