Skip to main content

This version of GitHub Enterprise was discontinued on 2022-06-03. No patch releases will be made, even for critical security issues. For better performance, improved security, and new features, upgrade to the latest version of GitHub Enterprise. For help with the upgrade, contact GitHub Enterprise support.

We've recently moved some of the REST API documentation. If you can't find what you're looking for, you might try the new Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks REST API pages.

Commit statuses

The Commit status API allows external services to mark commits with a status, which is then reflected in pull requests involving those commits.

About the Commit statuses API

The Commit status API allows external services to mark commits with an error, failure, pending, or success state, which is then reflected in pull requests involving those commits. Statuses can also include an optional description and target_url, and we highly recommend providing them as they make statuses much more useful in the GitHub UI.

As an example, one common use is for continuous integration services to mark commits as passing or failing builds using status. The target_url would be the full URL to the build output, and the description would be the high level summary of what happened with the build.

Statuses can include a context to indicate what service is providing that status. For example, you may have your continuous integration service push statuses with a context of ci, and a security audit tool push statuses with a context of security. You can then use the Get the combined status for a specific reference to retrieve the whole status for a commit.

Note that the repo:status OAuth scope grants targeted access to statuses without also granting access to repository code, while the repo scope grants permission to code as well as statuses.

If you are developing a GitHub App and want to provide more detailed information about an external service, you may want to use the Checks API.

Get the combined status for a specific reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Users with pull access in a repository can access a combined view of commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name.

Additionally, a combined state is returned. The state is one of:

  • failure if any of the contexts report as error or failure
  • pending if there are no statuses or a context is pending
  • success if the latest status for all contexts is success

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequired

ref parameter

Query parameters
Name, Type, Description
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Default: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Default: 1

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescription
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Code samples

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/status
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/status

Response

Status: 200
{ "state": "success", "statuses": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z" }, { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/other_user_happy.gif", "id": 2, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMg==", "state": "success", "description": "Testing has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/2000/output", "context": "security/brakeman", "created_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z" } ], "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "total_count": 2, "repository": { "id": 1296269, "node_id": "MDEwOlJlcG9zaXRvcnkxMjk2MjY5", "name": "Hello-World", "full_name": "octocat/Hello-World", "owner": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "private": false, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "description": "This your first repo!", "fork": false, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World", "archive_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/{archive_format}{/ref}", "assignees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/assignees{/user}", "blobs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs{/sha}", "branches_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches{/branch}", "collaborators_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/collaborators{/collaborator}", "comments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/comments{/number}", "commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits{/sha}", "compare_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/{base}...{head}", "contents_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/{+path}", "contributors_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contributors", "deployments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/deployments", "downloads_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/downloads", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/events", "forks_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/forks", "git_commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits{/sha}", "git_refs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs{/sha}", "git_tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags{/sha}", "git_url": "git:github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "issue_comment_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/comments{/number}", "issue_events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/events{/number}", "issues_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues{/number}", "keys_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/keys{/key_id}", "labels_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels{/name}", "languages_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/languages", "merges_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/merges", "milestones_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones{/number}", "notifications_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/notifications{?since,all,participating}", "pulls_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls{/number}", "releases_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/releases{/id}", "ssh_url": "git@github.com:octocat/Hello-World.git", "stargazers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/stargazers", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/{sha}", "subscribers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscribers", "subscription_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscription", "tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tags", "teams_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/teams", "trees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees{/sha}", "hooks_url": "http://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks" }, "commit_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/status" }

List commit statuses for a reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Users with pull access in a repository can view commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name. Statuses are returned in reverse chronological order. The first status in the list will be the latest one.

This resource is also available via a legacy route: GET /repos/:owner/:repo/statuses/:ref.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequired

ref parameter

Query parameters
Name, Type, Description
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Default: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Default: 1

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescription
200

OK

301

Moved permanently

Code samples

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/statuses
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/statuses

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } } ]

Create a commit status

Works with GitHub Apps

Users with push access in a repository can create commit statuses for a given SHA.

Note: there is a limit of 1000 statuses per sha and context within a repository. Attempts to create more than 1000 statuses will result in a validation error.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, Description
ownerstringRequired

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequired

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

shastringRequired
Body parameters
Name, Type, Description
statestringRequired

The state of the status.

Can be one of: error, failure, pending, success

target_urlstring

The target URL to associate with this status. This URL will be linked from the GitHub UI to allow users to easily see the source of the status.
For example, if your continuous integration system is posting build status, you would want to provide the deep link for the build output for this specific SHA:
http://ci.example.com/user/repo/build/sha

descriptionstring

A short description of the status.

contextstring

A string label to differentiate this status from the status of other systems. This field is case-insensitive.

Default: default

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescription
201

Created

Code samples

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/statuses/{sha}
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/statuses/SHA \ -d '{"state":"success","target_url":"https://example.com/build/status","description":"The build succeeded!","context":"continuous-integration/jenkins"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } }