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Referências do Git

A API de referências do Git permite ler e escrever referências para o banco de dados do Git em GitHub Enterprise Server

Sobre a API de referências do Git

Uma referência do Git (git ref) é um arquivo que contém um hash SHA-1 do commit do Git. Ao fazer referência a um commit do Git, você pode usar a referência do Git, que é um nome fácil de lembrar, em vez do hash. A referência do Git pode ser reescrita para apontar para um novo commit. Uma branch é uma referência Git que armazena o novo hash de commit do Git. Estes pontos de extremidade permitem ler e escrever referências para o seu banco de dados do Git em GitHub Enterprise Server.

List matching references

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObrigatório

ref parameter

Parâmetros de consulta
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Padrão: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Padrão: 1

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
200

OK

Amostras de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObrigatório

ref parameter

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Amostras de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Body parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
refstringObrigatório

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

shastringObrigatório

The SHA1 value for this reference.

keystring

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
201

Created

422

Validation failed

Amostras de código

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObrigatório

ref parameter

Body parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
shastringObrigatório

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

forceboolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Padrão: false

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
200

OK

422

Validation failed

Amostras de código

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Works with GitHub Apps

Parâmetros

Headers
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ownerstringObrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObrigatório

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObrigatório

ref parameter

HTTP response status codes

Status codeDescrição
204

No Content

422

Validation failed

Amostras de código

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204