You can configure pull request merge options on GitHub.com to meet your workflow needs and preferences for managing Git history. For more information, see "Configuring pull request merges." You can enforce one type of merge method, such as commit squashing or rebasing, by only enabling the desired method for your repository.
Note: When using the merge queue, you no longer get to choose the merge method, as this is controlled by the queue. Para obtener información sobre la cola de fusión mediante combinación, vea "Administración de una cola de fusión mediante combinación".
When you click the default Merge pull request option on a pull request on GitHub.com, all commits from the feature branch are added to the base branch in a merge commit. The pull request is merged using the
To merge pull requests, you must have write permissions in the repository.
The default merge method creates a merge commit. You can prevent anyone from pushing merge commits to a protected branch by enforcing a linear commit history. For more information, see "About protected branches."
When you select the Squash and merge option on a pull request on GitHub.com, the pull request's commits are squashed into a single commit. Instead of seeing all of a contributor's individual commits from a topic branch, the commits are combined into one commit and merged into the default branch. Pull requests with squashed commits are merged using the fast-forward option.
You can use squash and merge to create a more streamlined Git history in your repository. Work-in-progress commits are helpful when working on a feature branch, but they aren’t necessarily important to retain in the Git history. If you squash these commits into one commit while merging to the default branch, you can retain the original changes with a clear Git history.
Before enabling squashing commits, consider these disadvantages:
- You lose information about when specific changes were originally made and who authored the squashed commits.
- If you continue working on the head branch of a pull request after squashing and merging, and then create a new pull request between the same branches, commits that you previously squashed and merged will be listed in the new pull request. You may also have conflicts that you have to repeatedly resolve in each successive pull request. For more information, see "About pull request merges."
- Some Git commands that use the "SHA" or "hash" ID may be harder to use since the SHA ID for the original commits is lost. For example, using
git rereremay not be as effective.
For more information, see "Configuring commit squashing for pull requests."
When you select the Rebase and merge option on a pull request on GitHub.com, all commits from the topic branch (or head branch) are added onto the base branch individually without a merge commit. In that way, the rebase and merge behavior resembles a fast-forward merge by maintaining a linear project history. However, rebasing achieves this by re-writing the commit history on the base branch with new commits.
The rebase and merge behavior on GitHub Enterprise Cloud deviates slightly from
git rebase. Rebase and merge on GitHub will always update the committer information and create new commit SHAs, whereas
git rebase outside of GitHub does not change the committer information when the rebase happens on top of an ancestor commit. For more information about
git rebase, see git-rebase in the Git documentation.
For a visual representation of
git rebase, see The "Git Branching - Rebasing" chapter from the Pro Git book.
Before enabling commit rebasing, consider these disadvantages:
Repository contributors may have to rebase on the command line, resolve any conflicts, and force push their changes to the pull request's topic branch (or remote head branch) before they can use the rebase and merge option on GitHub.com. Force pushing must be done carefully so contributors don't overwrite work that others have based their work on. To learn more about when the Rebase and merge option is disabled on GitHub.com and the workflow to re-enable it, see "About pull request merges."
Al usar la opción Fusionar mediante cambio de base y combinar en una solicitud de incorporación de cambios, es importante tener en cuenta que las confirmaciones de la rama principal se agregan a la rama base sin confirmar la comprobación de la firma. Al usar esta opción, GitHub crea una confirmación modificada con los datos y el contenido de la confirmación original. Esto significa que GitHub no creó realmente esta confirmación y, por tanto, no puede firmarla como un usuario genérico del sistema. GitHub no tiene acceso a las claves de firma privada del confirmador, por lo que no puede firmar la confirmación en nombre del usuario.
Una solución para esta incidencia consiste en fusionar mediante cambio de base y combinar localmente y, luego, insertar los cambios en la rama base de la solicitud de incorporación de cambios.
For more information, see "Configuring commit rebasing for pull requests."