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Merging a pull request

Merge a pull request into the upstream branch when work is completed. Anyone with push access to the repository can complete the merge.

About pull request merges

In a pull request, you propose that changes you've made on a head branch should be merged into a base branch. By default, any pull request can be merged at any time, unless the head branch is in conflict with the base branch. However, there may be restrictions on when you can merge a pull request into a specific branch. For example, you may only be able to merge a pull request into the default branch if required status checks are passing. For more information, see "About protected branches."

Você pode configurar um pull request para fazer merge automaticamente quando todos os requisitos de merge forem atendidos. Para obter mais informações, confira "Mesclar uma solicitação de pull automaticamente".

If the pull request has merge conflicts, or if you'd like to test the changes before merging, you can check out the pull request locally and merge it using the command line.

You can't merge a draft pull request. For more information about draft pull requests, see "About pull requests."

The repository may be configured so that the head branch for a pull request is automatically deleted when you merge a pull request. For more information, see "Managing the automatic deletion of branches."

Note: Se você excluir um branch de cabeçalho após o merge do seu pull request, o GitHub irá verificar se há quaisquer solicitações de pull no mesmo repositório que especificam o branch excluído como o branch base. O GitHub atualiza automaticamente quaisquer pull requests, alterando o branch base para o branch base do pull request mesclado. For more information, see "About branches."

Pull requests are merged using the --no-ff option, except for pull requests with squashed or rebased commits, which are merged using the fast-forward option.

Você pode vincular uma solicitação de pull a um problema para mostrar que uma correção está em andamento e para fechar automaticamente o problema quando alguém mesclar a solicitação de pull. Para obter mais informações, confira "Como vincular uma solicitação de pull a um problema".

If you decide you don't want the changes in a topic branch to be merged to the upstream branch, you can close the pull request without merging.

Merging a pull request

  1. Abaixo do nome do repositório, clique em Solicitações de pull. Seleção da guia Solicitações de pull

  2. In the "Pull Requests" list, click the pull request you'd like to merge.

  3. Depending on the merge options enabled for your repository, you can:

    Note: Rebase and merge will always update the committer information and create new commit SHAs. For more information, see "About pull request merges."

  4. If prompted, type a commit message, or accept the default message.

    Para obter informações sobre as mensagens de commit padrão para mesclagens squash, confira "Sobre mesclagens de solicitação de pull". Commit message field

Note: The email selector is not available for rebase merges, which do not create a merge commit, or for squash merges, which credit the user who created the pull request as the author of the squashed commit.

  1. Click Confirm merge, Confirm squash and merge, or Confirm rebase and merge.
  2. Optionally, delete the branch. This keeps the list of branches in your repository tidy.

Para saber mais sobre a GitHub CLI, confira "Sobre a GitHub CLI".

To merge a pull request, use the gh pr merge subcommand. Replace pull-request with the number, URL, or head branch of the pull request.

gh pr merge PULL-REQUEST

Follow the interactive prompts to complete the merge. For more information about the merge methods that you can choose, see "About pull request merges."

Alternatively, you can use flags to skip the interactive prompts. For example, this command will squash the commits into a single commit with the commit message "my squash commit", merge the squashed commit into the base branch, and then delete the local and remote branch.

gh pr merge 523 --squash --body "my squash commit" --delete-branch

Further reading