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Nous publions des mises à jour fréquentes de notre documentation, et la traduction de cette page peut encore être en cours. Pour obtenir les informations les plus actuelles, consultez la documentation anglaise.

Nous avons récemment déplacé une partie de la documentation de l’API REST. Si vous ne trouvez pas ce que vous recherchez, vous pouvez essayer les nouvelles pages d’API REST Branches, Collaborators, Commits, Deploy Keys, Deployments, GitHub Pages, Releases, Metrics, Webhooks.

Contenu d’un dépôt

Utilisez l’API REST pour créer, modifier et supprimer du contenu codé en Base64 dans un dépôt.

À propos du contenu des dépôts

Pour demander le format brut ou le rendu HTML (lorsqu’il est pris en charge), utilisez des types multimédias personnalisés pour le contenu du référentiel.

Types de média personnalisés pour le contenu du référentiel

README, fichiers et symlinks prennent en charge les types de médias personnalisés suivants :

application/vnd.github.raw
application/vnd.github.html

Utilisez le type de média .raw pour récupérer le contenu du fichier.

Pour les fichiers de balisage, comme Markdown ou AsciiDoc, vous pouvez récupérer le code HTML rendu à l’aide du type de média .html. Les langages de balisage sont rendus au format HTML à l’aide de notre bibliothèque de balisage open source.

Tous les objets prennent en charge le type de média personnalisé suivant :

application/vnd.github.object

Utilisez le paramètre de type de média object pour récupérer le contenu dans un format d’objet cohérent, quel que soit le type de contenu. Par exemple, au lieu d’un tableau d’objets pour un répertoire, la réponse est un objet avec un attribut entries contenant le tableau d’objets.

Vous pouvez en apprendre davantage sur l’utilisation de types de médias dans l’API ici.

Get repository content

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Gets the contents of a file or directory in a repository. Specify the file path or directory in :path. If you omit :path, you will receive the contents of the repository's root directory. See the description below regarding what the API response includes for directories.

Files and symlinks support a custom media type for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML (when supported). All content types support a custom media type to ensure the content is returned in a consistent object format.

Notes:

  • To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree.
  • This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API.
  • Download URLs expire and are meant to be used just once. To ensure the download URL does not expire, please use the contents API to obtain a fresh download URL for each download.

Size limits

If the requested file's size is:

  • 1 MB or smaller: All features of this endpoint are supported.
  • Between 1-100 MB: Only the raw or object custom media types are supported. Both will work as normal, except that when using the object media type, the content field will be an empty string and the encoding field will be "none". To get the contents of these larger files, use the raw media type.
  • Greater than 100 MB: This endpoint is not supported.

If the content is a directory

The response will be an array of objects, one object for each item in the directory. When listing the contents of a directory, submodules have their "type" specified as "file". Logically, the value should be "submodule". This behavior exists in API v3 for backwards compatibility purposes. In the next major version of the API, the type will be returned as "submodule".

If the requested :path points to a symlink, and the symlink's target is a normal file in the repository, then the API responds with the content of the file (in the format shown in the example. Otherwise, the API responds with an object describing the symlink itself.

If the content is a submodule

The submodule_git_url identifies the location of the submodule repository, and the sha identifies a specific commit within the submodule repository. Git uses the given URL when cloning the submodule repository, and checks out the submodule at that specific commit.

If the submodule repository is not hosted on github.com, the Git URLs (git_url and _links["git"]) and the github.com URLs (html_url and _links["html"]) will have null values.

Paramètres pour « Get repository content »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

path string Obligatoire

path parameter

Paramètres de requête
Nom, Type, Description
ref string

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch.

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Get repository content »

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

302

Found

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

Exemples de code pour « Get repository content »

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH

Response if content is a file

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "IyBZb2dhIEJvmsgaW4gcHJvZ3Jlc3MhIEZlZWwgdAoKOndhcm5pbmc6IFdvc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\\nIHdvcmtmbG93Lgo=\\n", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Create or update file contents

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Creates a new file or replaces an existing file in a repository. You must authenticate using an access token with the workflow scope to use this endpoint.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Delete a file" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

Paramètres pour « Create or update file contents »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

path string Obligatoire

path parameter

Paramètres du corps
Nom, Type, Description
message string Obligatoire

The commit message.

content string Obligatoire

The new file content, using Base64 encoding.

sha string

Required if you are updating a file. The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branch string

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch.

committer object

The person that committed the file. Default: the authenticated user.

Nom, Type, Description
name string Obligatoire

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

email string Obligatoire

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

date string
author object

The author of the file. Default: The committer or the authenticated user if you omit committer.

Nom, Type, Description
name string Obligatoire

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

email string Obligatoire

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

date string

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Create or update file contents »

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code pour « Create or update file contents »

put/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl -L \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"content":"bXkgbmV3IGZpbGUgY29udGVudHM="}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "content": { "name": "hello.txt", "path": "notes/hello.txt", "sha": "95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "size": 9, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt", "git_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octocat/HelloWorld/master/notes/hello.txt", "type": "file", "_links": { "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "git": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt" } }, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Delete a file

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Deletes a file in a repository.

You can provide an additional committer parameter, which is an object containing information about the committer. Or, you can provide an author parameter, which is an object containing information about the author.

The author section is optional and is filled in with the committer information if omitted. If the committer information is omitted, the authenticated user's information is used.

You must provide values for both name and email, whether you choose to use author or committer. Otherwise, you'll receive a 422 status code.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Create or update file contents" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

Paramètres pour « Delete a file »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

path string Obligatoire

path parameter

Paramètres du corps
Nom, Type, Description
message string Obligatoire

The commit message.

sha string Obligatoire

The blob SHA of the file being deleted.

branch string

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch

committer object

object containing information about the committer.

Nom, Type, Description
name string

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email string

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

author object

object containing information about the author.

Nom, Type, Description
name string

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email string

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Delete a file »

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

503

Service unavailable

Exemples de code pour « Delete a file »

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"sha":"329688480d39049927147c162b9d2deaf885005f"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content": null, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Get a repository README

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Gets the preferred README for a repository.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Paramètres pour « Get a repository README »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Paramètres de requête
Nom, Type, Description
ref string

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch.

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Get a repository README »

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code pour « Get a repository README »

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Get a repository README for a directory

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Gets the README from a repository directory.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Paramètres pour « Get a repository README for a directory »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

dir string Obligatoire

The alternate path to look for a README file

Paramètres de requête
Nom, Type, Description
ref string

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch.

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Get a repository README for a directory »

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code pour « Get a repository README for a directory »

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme/{dir}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme/DIR

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Download a repository archive (tar)

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a tar archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

Paramètres pour « Download a repository archive (tar) »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Obligatoire

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Download a repository archive (tar) »

Code d’étatDescription
302

Found

Exemples de code pour « Download a repository archive (tar) »

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/tarball/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/tarball/REF

Response

Status: 302

Download a repository archive (zip)

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a zip archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request.

Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes. If the repository is empty, you will receive a 404 when you follow the redirect.

Paramètres pour « Download a repository archive (zip) »

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
owner string Obligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Obligatoire

Codes d’état de la réponse HTTP pour « Download a repository archive (zip) »

Code d’étatDescription
302

Found

Exemples de code pour « Download a repository archive (zip) »

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/zipball/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/zipball/REF

Response

Status: 302