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文章版本: GitHub.com

Git 数据库

本文内容

Git 数据库 API 使您能够在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入原始 Git 对象,并列出和更新您的引用(分支头部和标记)。 有关使用 Git 数据库 API 的更多信息,请参阅“Git 数据库 API 入门指南”。

Blob

Git Blob(二进制大对象)是用于将每个文件的内容存储在仓库中的对象类型。 文件的 SHA-1 哈希在 Blob 对象中计算和存储。 这些端点允许您在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入 blob 对象。 Blob 使用这些自定义媒体类型。 您可以在此处阅读有关 API 中媒体类型使用情况的更多信息。

Blob 的自定义媒体类型

以下是 blob 支持的媒体类型。

application/json
application/vnd.github.VERSION.raw

更多信息请参阅“媒体类型”。

post /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/blobs

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
content string body

Required. The new blob's content.

encoding string body

The encoding used for content. Currently, "utf-8" and "base64" are supported.

Default: utf-8

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/blobs \
  -d '{"content":"content"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/blobs', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  content: 'content'
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/git/blobs/3a0f86fb8db8eea7ccbb9a95f325ddbedfb25e15",
  "sha": "3a0f86fb8db8eea7ccbb9a95f325ddbedfb25e15"
}

Notes


Get a blob

The content in the response will always be Base64 encoded.

Note: This API supports blobs up to 100 megabytes in size.

get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/blobs/{file_sha}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
file_sha string path

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/blobs/FILE_SHA
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/blobs/{file_sha}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  file_sha: 'file_sha'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "content": "Q29udGVudCBvZiB0aGUgYmxvYg==\n",
  "encoding": "base64",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/git/blobs/3a0f86fb8db8eea7ccbb9a95f325ddbedfb25e15",
  "sha": "3a0f86fb8db8eea7ccbb9a95f325ddbedfb25e15",
  "size": 19
}

Notes


提交

Git 提交是 Git 仓库中层次结构(Git 树)和文件内容 ( Git blob</1) 的快照。 这些端点允许您在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入提交对象

Create a commit

Creates a new Git commit object.

In this example, the payload of the signature would be:

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.
post /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
message string body

Required. The commit message

tree string body

Required. The SHA of the tree object this commit points to

parents array of strings body

Required. The SHAs of the commits that were the parents of this commit. If omitted or empty, the commit will be written as a root commit. For a single parent, an array of one SHA should be provided; for a merge commit, an array of more than one should be provided.

author object body

Information about the author of the commit. By default, the author will be the authenticated user and the current date. See the author and committer object below for details.

Properties of the author object

name (string)

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email (string)

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

date (string)

Indicates when this commit was authored (or committed). This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

committer object body

Information about the person who is making the commit. By default, committer will use the information set in author. See the author and committer object below for details.

Properties of the committer object

name (string)

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email (string)

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

date (string)

Indicates when this commit was authored (or committed). This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

signature string body

The PGP signature of the commit. GitHub adds the signature to the gpgsig header of the created commit. For a commit signature to be verifiable by Git or GitHub, it must be an ASCII-armored detached PGP signature over the string commit as it would be written to the object database. To pass a signature parameter, you need to first manually create a valid PGP signature, which can be complicated. You may find it easier to use the command line to create signed commits.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/commits \
  -d '{"message":"message","tree":"tree","parents":["parents"]}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  message: 'message',
  tree: 'tree',
  parents: [
    'parents'
  ]
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd",
  "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd",
  "author": {
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z",
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com"
  },
  "committer": {
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z",
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com"
  },
  "message": "my commit message",
  "tree": {
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/827efc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132",
    "sha": "827efc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132"
  },
  "parents": [
    {
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0",
      "sha": "7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0"
    }
  ],
  "verification": {
    "verified": false,
    "reason": "unsigned",
    "signature": null,
    "payload": null
  }
}

Notes


Get a commit

Gets a Git commit object.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.
get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits/{commit_sha}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
commit_sha string path

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/commits/COMMIT_SHA
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits/{commit_sha}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  commit_sha: 'commit_sha'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd",
  "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd",
  "author": {
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z",
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com"
  },
  "committer": {
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z",
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com"
  },
  "message": "added readme, because im a good github citizen",
  "tree": {
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb",
    "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb"
  },
  "parents": [
    {
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5",
      "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5"
    }
  ],
  "verification": {
    "verified": false,
    "reason": "unsigned",
    "signature": null,
    "payload": null
  }
}

Notes


引用

Git 引用 (git ref) 只是一个包含 Git 提交 SHA-1 哈希的文件。 当引用 Git 提交时,您可以使用 Git 引用,这是一个易于记住的名称,而不是哈希。 可以重写 Git 引用指向新的提交。 分支只是存储新 Git 提交哈希的 Git 引用。 这些端点允许您在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入引用

List matching references

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
ref string path
per_page integer query

Results per page (max 100)

page integer query

Page number of the results to fetch.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/matching-refs/REF
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  ref: 'ref'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
[
  {
    "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a",
    "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a",
    "object": {
      "type": "commit",
      "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"
    }
  },
  {
    "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b",
    "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b",
    "object": {
      "type": "commit",
      "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac"
    }
  }
]

Notes


Get a reference

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
ref string path

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/ref/REF
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  ref: 'ref'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "ref": "refs/heads/featureA",
  "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA",
  "object": {
    "type": "commit",
    "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"
  }
}

Notes


Create a reference

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

post /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
ref string body

Required. The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

sha string body

Required. The SHA1 value for this reference.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/refs \
  -d '{"ref":"ref","sha":"sha"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  ref: 'ref',
  sha: 'sha'
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "ref": "refs/heads/featureA",
  "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA",
  "object": {
    "type": "commit",
    "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"
  }
}

Notes


patch /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
ref string path
sha string body

Required. The SHA1 value to set this reference to

force boolean body

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X PATCH \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/refs/REF \
  -d '{"sha":"sha"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('PATCH /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  ref: 'ref',
  sha: 'sha'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "ref": "refs/heads/featureA",
  "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA",
  "object": {
    "type": "commit",
    "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"
  }
}

Notes


delete /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
ref string path

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X DELETE \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/refs/REF
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('DELETE /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  ref: 'ref'
})

Default Response

Status: 204 No Content

Notes


标记

Git 标记类似于 Git 引用,但它指向的 Git 提交永远不变。 当您想要指向特定发行版时,Git 标记非常有用。 这些端点允许您在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入标记对象。 Git 标记 API 只支持标注的标记对象,而不支持轻量级标记。

Create a tag object

Note that creating a tag object does not create the reference that makes a tag in Git. If you want to create an annotated tag in Git, you have to do this call to create the tag object, and then create the refs/tags/[tag] reference. If you want to create a lightweight tag, you only have to create the tag reference - this call would be unnecessary.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.
post /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
tag string body

Required. The tag's name. This is typically a version (e.g., "v0.0.1").

message string body

Required. The tag message.

object string body

Required. The SHA of the git object this is tagging.

type string body

Required. The type of the object we're tagging. Normally this is a commit but it can also be a tree or a blob.

tagger object body

An object with information about the individual creating the tag.

Properties of the tagger object

name (string)

The name of the author of the tag

email (string)

The email of the author of the tag

date (string)

When this object was tagged. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/tags \
  -d '{"tag":"tag","message":"message","object":"object","type":"type"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  tag: 'tag',
  message: 'message',
  object: 'object',
  type: 'type'
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==",
  "tag": "v0.0.1",
  "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac",
  "message": "initial version",
  "tagger": {
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com",
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z"
  },
  "object": {
    "type": "commit",
    "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c"
  },
  "verification": {
    "verified": false,
    "reason": "unsigned",
    "signature": null,
    "payload": null
  }
}

Notes


Get a tag

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.
get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags/{tag_sha}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
tag_sha string path

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/tags/TAG_SHA
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags/{tag_sha}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  tag_sha: 'tag_sha'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==",
  "tag": "v0.0.1",
  "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac",
  "message": "initial version",
  "tagger": {
    "name": "Monalisa Octocat",
    "email": "octocat@github.com",
    "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z"
  },
  "object": {
    "type": "commit",
    "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c",
    "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c"
  },
  "verification": {
    "verified": false,
    "reason": "unsigned",
    "signature": null,
    "payload": null
  }
}

Notes


Git 树对象在 Git 仓库中的文件之间创建层次结构。 您可以使用 Git 树对象创建目录与其包含的文件之间的关系。 这些端点允许您在 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中读取和写入树对象

Create a tree

The tree creation API accepts nested entries. If you specify both a tree and a nested path modifying that tree, this endpoint will overwrite the contents of the tree with the new path contents, and create a new tree structure.

If you use this endpoint to add, delete, or modify the file contents in a tree, you will need to commit the tree and then update a branch to point to the commit. For more information see "Create a commit" and "Update a reference."

post /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
tree array of objects body

Required. Objects (of path, mode, type, and sha) specifying a tree structure.

Properties of the tree items

path (string)

The file referenced in the tree.

mode (string)

The file mode; one of 100644 for file (blob), 100755 for executable (blob), 040000 for subdirectory (tree), 160000 for submodule (commit), or 120000 for a blob that specifies the path of a symlink.

type (string)

Either blob, tree, or commit.

sha (string or null)

The SHA1 checksum ID of the object in the tree. Also called tree.sha. If the value is null then the file will be deleted.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

content (string)

The content you want this file to have. GitHub will write this blob out and use that SHA for this entry. Use either this, or tree.sha.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

base_tree string body

The SHA1 of the tree you want to update with new data. If you don't set this, the commit will be created on top of everything; however, it will only contain your change, the rest of your files will show up as deleted.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/trees \
  -d '{"tree":[{"path":"path","mode":"mode","type":"type","sha":"sha","content":"content"}]}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  tree: [
    {
      path: 'path',
      mode: 'mode',
      type: 'type',
      sha: 'sha',
      content: 'content'
    }
  ]
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "sha": "cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7",
  "tree": [
    {
      "path": "file.rb",
      "mode": "100644",
      "type": "blob",
      "size": 132,
      "sha": "7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b"
    }
  ]
}

Notes


Get a tree

Returns a single tree using the SHA1 value for that tree.

If truncated is true in the response then the number of items in the tree array exceeded our maximum limit. If you need to fetch more items, use the non-recursive method of fetching trees, and fetch one sub-tree at a time.

get /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees/{tree_sha}

参数

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

owner string path
repo string path
tree_sha string path
recursive string query

Setting this parameter to any value returns the objects or subtrees referenced by the tree specified in :tree_sha. For example, setting recursive to any of the following will enable returning objects or subtrees: 0, 1, "true", and "false". Omit this parameter to prevent recursively returning objects or subtrees.

代码示例

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/hello-world/git/trees/TREE_SHA
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees/{tree_sha}', {
  owner: 'octocat',
  repo: 'hello-world',
  tree_sha: 'tree_sha'
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "sha": "9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312",
  "tree": [
    {
      "path": "file.rb",
      "mode": "100644",
      "type": "blob",
      "size": 30,
      "sha": "44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132"
    },
    {
      "path": "subdir",
      "mode": "040000",
      "type": "tree",
      "sha": "f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e"
    },
    {
      "path": "exec_file",
      "mode": "100755",
      "type": "blob",
      "size": 75,
      "sha": "45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057"
    }
  ],
  "truncated": false
}

Response recursively retrieving a tree

Status: 200 OK
{
  "sha": "fc6274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7",
  "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/fc6274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7",
  "tree": [
    {
      "path": "subdir/file.txt",
      "mode": "100644",
      "type": "blob",
      "size": 132,
      "sha": "7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b",
      "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b"
    }
  ],
  "truncated": false
}

Notes


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