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REST API 现已经过版本控制。 有关详细信息,请参阅“关于 API 版本控制”。

Git 标签的 REST API 端点

使用 REST API 与 GitHub 上的 Git 数据库中的标记对象进行交互。

关于 Git 标记

Git 标记类似于 Git 引用,但它指向的 Git 提交永远不会更改。 当你想要指向特定发行版时,Git 标记非常有用。 通过这些终结点,可以在 GitHub 上读取标记对象并将其写入 Git 数据库。 API 仅支持附注标签标记对象,不支持轻量标签。

Create a tag object

Note that creating a tag object does not create the reference that makes a tag in Git. If you want to create an annotated tag in Git, you have to do this call to create the tag object, and then create the refs/tags/[tag] reference. If you want to create a lightweight tag, you only have to create the tag reference - this call would be unnecessary.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

“Create a tag object”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

“Create a tag object”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 说明
tag string 必须

The tag's name. This is typically a version (e.g., "v0.0.1").

message string 必须

The tag message.

object string 必须

The SHA of the git object this is tagging.

type string 必须

The type of the object we're tagging. Normally this is a commit but it can also be a tree or a blob.

可以是以下选项之一: commit, tree, blob

tagger object

An object with information about the individual creating the tag.

名称, 类型, 说明
name string 必须

The name of the author of the tag

email string 必须

The email of the author of the tag

date string

When this object was tagged. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

“Create a tag object”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
201

Created

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

“Create a tag object”的示例代码

请求示例

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags \ -d '{"tag":"v0.0.1","message":"initial version","object":"c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c","type":"commit","tagger":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com","date":"2011-06-17T14:53:35-07:00"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }

Get a tag

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

“Get a tag”的细粒度访问令牌

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

令牌必须具有以下权限集:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

如果仅请求公共资源,则无需身份验证或上述权限即可使用此终结点。

“Get a tag”的参数

标头
名称, 类型, 说明
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 说明
owner string 必须

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string 必须

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

tag_sha string 必须

“Get a tag”的 HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码说明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

“Get a tag”的示例代码

请求示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags/{tag_sha}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags/TAG_SHA

Response

Status: 200
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }