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이제 REST API의 버전이 지정되었습니다. 자세한 내용은 "API 버전 관리 정보"를 참조하세요.

Git 트리

REST API를 사용하여 GitHub에서 Git 데이터베이스 트리 개체와 상호 작용합니다.

Git 트리 정보

Git 트리 개체는 Git 리포지토리의 파일 간에 계층 구조를 만듭니다. Git 트리 개체를 사용하여 디렉터리와 디렉터리에 포함된 파일 간의 관계를 만들 수 있습니다. 해당 엔드포인트를 사용하면 GitHub에서 Git 데이터베이스에 트리 개체를 읽고 쓸 수 있습니다.

Create a tree

Works with GitHub Apps

The tree creation API accepts nested entries. If you specify both a tree and a nested path modifying that tree, this endpoint will overwrite the contents of the tree with the new path contents, and create a new tree structure.

If you use this endpoint to add, delete, or modify the file contents in a tree, you will need to commit the tree and then update a branch to point to the commit. For more information see "Create a commit" and "Update a reference."

Returns an error if you try to delete a file that does not exist.

"Create a tree"에 대한 매개 변수

머리글
이름, Type, 설명
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
owner string Required

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Required

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

본문 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
tree array of objects Required

Objects (of path, mode, type, and sha) specifying a tree structure.

이름, Type, 설명
path string

The file referenced in the tree.

mode string

The file mode; one of 100644 for file (blob), 100755 for executable (blob), 040000 for subdirectory (tree), 160000 for submodule (commit), or 120000 for a blob that specifies the path of a symlink.

다음 중 하나일 수 있습니다.: 100644, 100755, 040000, 160000, 120000

type string

Either blob, tree, or commit.

다음 중 하나일 수 있습니다.: blob, tree, commit

sha string or null

The SHA1 checksum ID of the object in the tree. Also called tree.sha. If the value is null then the file will be deleted.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

content string

The content you want this file to have. GitHub will write this blob out and use that SHA for this entry. Use either this, or tree.sha.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

base_tree string

The SHA1 of an existing Git tree object which will be used as the base for the new tree. If provided, a new Git tree object will be created from entries in the Git tree object pointed to by base_tree and entries defined in the tree parameter. Entries defined in the tree parameter will overwrite items from base_tree with the same path. If you're creating new changes on a branch, then normally you'd set base_tree to the SHA1 of the Git tree object of the current latest commit on the branch you're working on. If not provided, GitHub will create a new Git tree object from only the entries defined in the tree parameter. If you create a new commit pointing to such a tree, then all files which were a part of the parent commit's tree and were not defined in the tree parameter will be listed as deleted by the new commit.

"Create a tree"에 대한 HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드설명
201

Created

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

"Create a tree"에 대한 코드 샘플

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees \ -d '{"base_tree":"9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312","tree":[{"path":"file.rb","mode":"100644","type":"blob","sha":"44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132"}]}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "sha": "cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 132, "sha": "7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b" } ], "truncated": true }

Get a tree

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns a single tree using the SHA1 value or ref name for that tree.

If truncated is true in the response then the number of items in the tree array exceeded our maximum limit. If you need to fetch more items, use the non-recursive method of fetching trees, and fetch one sub-tree at a time.

Note: The limit for the tree array is 100,000 entries with a maximum size of 7 MB when using the recursive parameter.

"Get a tree"에 대한 매개 변수

머리글
이름, Type, 설명
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
owner string Required

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Required

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

tree_sha string Required

The SHA1 value or ref (branch or tag) name of the tree.

쿼리 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
recursive string

Setting this parameter to any value returns the objects or subtrees referenced by the tree specified in :tree_sha. For example, setting recursive to any of the following will enable returning objects or subtrees: 0, 1, "true", and "false". Omit this parameter to prevent recursively returning objects or subtrees.

"Get a tree"에 대한 HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드설명
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

"Get a tree"에 대한 코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees/{tree_sha}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees/TREE_SHA

Default response

Status: 200
{ "sha": "9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 30, "sha": "44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132" }, { "path": "subdir", "mode": "040000", "type": "tree", "sha": "f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e" }, { "path": "exec_file", "mode": "100755", "type": "blob", "size": 75, "sha": "45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057" } ], "truncated": false }