Skip to main content
ドキュメントへの更新が頻繁に発行されており、このページの翻訳はまだ行われている場合があります。 最新の情報については、「英語のドキュメント」を参照してください。
現在、GitHub AE は限定的リリースです。

Git ツリー

REST API を使用し、GitHub AE で Git データベースのツリー オブジェクトを操作します。

Git ツリーについて

Git ツリーオブジェクトは、Git リポジトリ内のファイル間の階層を作成します。 Git ツリーオブジェクトを使用して、ディレクトリとそこに含まれるファイルの関係を作成できます。 これらのエンドポイントを使用すると、GitHub AE 上の Git データベースにツリー オブジェクトを読み書きできます。

Create a tree

に対応 GitHub Apps

The tree creation API accepts nested entries. If you specify both a tree and a nested path modifying that tree, this endpoint will overwrite the contents of the tree with the new path contents, and create a new tree structure.

If you use this endpoint to add, delete, or modify the file contents in a tree, you will need to commit the tree and then update a branch to point to the commit. For more information see "Create a commit" and "Update a reference."

Returns an error if you try to delete a file that does not exist.

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
treearray of objects必須

Objects (of path, mode, type, and sha) specifying a tree structure.

名前, Type, 説明
pathstring

The file referenced in the tree.

modestring

The file mode; one of 100644 for file (blob), 100755 for executable (blob), 040000 for subdirectory (tree), 160000 for submodule (commit), or 120000 for a blob that specifies the path of a symlink.

次のいずれかにできます: 100644, 100755, 040000, 160000, 120000

typestring

Either blob, tree, or commit.

次のいずれかにできます: blob, tree, commit

shastring or null

The SHA1 checksum ID of the object in the tree. Also called tree.sha. If the value is null then the file will be deleted.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

contentstring

The content you want this file to have. GitHub will write this blob out and use that SHA for this entry. Use either this, or tree.sha.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

base_treestring

The SHA1 of an existing Git tree object which will be used as the base for the new tree. If provided, a new Git tree object will be created from entries in the Git tree object pointed to by base_tree and entries defined in the tree parameter. Entries defined in the tree parameter will overwrite items from base_tree with the same path. If you're creating new changes on a branch, then normally you'd set base_tree to the SHA1 of the Git tree object of the current latest commit on the branch you're working on. If not provided, GitHub will create a new Git tree object from only the entries defined in the tree parameter. If you create a new commit pointing to such a tree, then all files which were a part of the parent commit's tree and were not defined in the tree parameter will be listed as deleted by the new commit.

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
201

Created

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

コード サンプル

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees \ -d '{"base_tree":"9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312","tree":[{"path":"file.rb","mode":"100644","type":"blob","sha":"44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132"}]}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "sha": "cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 132, "sha": "7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b" } ], "truncated": true }

Get a tree

に対応 GitHub Apps

Returns a single tree using the SHA1 value for that tree.

If truncated is true in the response then the number of items in the tree array exceeded our maximum limit. If you need to fetch more items, use the non-recursive method of fetching trees, and fetch one sub-tree at a time.

Note: The limit for the tree array is 100,000 entries with a maximum size of 7 MB when using the recursive parameter.

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

tree_shastring必須
クエリ パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
recursivestring

Setting this parameter to any value returns the objects or subtrees referenced by the tree specified in :tree_sha. For example, setting recursive to any of the following will enable returning objects or subtrees: 0, 1, "true", and "false". Omit this parameter to prevent recursively returning objects or subtrees.

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

コード サンプル

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees/{tree_sha}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees/TREE_SHA

Default response

Status: 200
{ "sha": "9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 30, "sha": "44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132" }, { "path": "subdir", "mode": "040000", "type": "tree", "sha": "f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e" }, { "path": "exec_file", "mode": "100755", "type": "blob", "size": 75, "sha": "45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057" } ], "truncated": false }