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ドキュメントへの更新が頻繁に発行されており、このページの翻訳はまだ行われている場合があります。 最新の情報については、「英語のドキュメント」を参照してください。
現在、GitHub AE は限定的リリースです。

Git 参照

REST API を使用し、GitHub AE で Git データベースの参照を操作します。

Git 参照について

Git 参照 (git ref) は、Git コミット SHA-1 ハッシュを含むファイルです。 Git コミットを参照するときは、ハッシュではなく、覚えやすい名前の Git 参照を使用できます。 Git 参照は、新しいコミットを指すように書き換えることができます。 ブランチは、新しい Git コミット ハッシュを格納する Git 参照です。 これらのエンドポイントを使用すると、GitHub AE 上の Git データベースへの参照を読み書きできます。

List matching references

に対応 GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必須

ref parameter

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

コード サンプル

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

に対応 GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必須

ref parameter

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

コード サンプル

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

に対応 GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
refstring必須

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

shastring必須

The SHA1 value for this reference.

keystring

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
201

Created

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

コード サンプル

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

に対応 GitHub Apps

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必須

The name of the fully qualified reference to update. For example, refs/heads/master. If the value doesn't start with refs and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

本文のパラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
shastring必須

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

forceboolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Default: false

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
200

OK

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

コード サンプル

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

に対応 GitHub Apps

パラメーター

ヘッダー
名前, Type, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

パス パラメーター
名前, Type, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必須

ref parameter

HTTP 応答状態コード

状態コード説明
204

No Content

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

コード サンプル

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ https://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204