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Die REST-API verfügt jetzt über eine Versionskontrolle. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Informationen zur API-Versionsverwaltung.

REST-API-Endpunkte für Git-Tags

Verwende die REST-API, um mit Tagobjekten in deiner Git-Datenbank in GitHub zu interagieren.

Informationen zu Git-Tags

Ein Git-Tag ähnelt einem Git-Verweis, doch der Git-Commit, auf den es verweist, ändert sich nie. Git-Tags sind hilfreich, wenn du auf bestimmte Releases verweisen möchtest. Diese Endpunkte ermöglichen dir das Lesen und Schreiben von Tagobjekten in deine Git-Datenbank auf GitHub. Die API unterstützt nur annotierte Tagobjekte, keine Lightweight-Tags.

Create a tag object

Note that creating a tag object does not create the reference that makes a tag in Git. If you want to create an annotated tag in Git, you have to do this call to create the tag object, and then create the refs/tags/[tag] reference. If you want to create a lightweight tag, you only have to create the tag reference - this call would be unnecessary.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Differenzierte Zugriffstoken für "Create a tag object"

Dieser Endpunkt funktioniert mit den folgenden Tokentypen.:

Das Token muss einen der folgenden Berechtigungssätze aufweisen.:

  • contents:write

Parameter für „Create a tag object“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Textparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
tag string Erforderlich

The tag's name. This is typically a version (e.g., "v0.0.1").

message string Erforderlich

The tag message.

object string Erforderlich

The SHA of the git object this is tagging.

type string Erforderlich

The type of the object we're tagging. Normally this is a commit but it can also be a tree or a blob.

Kann eine der Folgenden sein: commit, tree, blob

tagger object

An object with information about the individual creating the tag.

Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
name string Erforderlich

The name of the author of the tag

email string Erforderlich

The email of the author of the tag

date string

When this object was tagged. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Create a tag object“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
201

Created

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „Create a tag object“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags \ -d '{"tag":"v0.0.1","message":"initial version","object":"c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c","type":"commit","tagger":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com","date":"2011-06-17T14:53:35-07:00"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }

Get a tag

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Differenzierte Zugriffstoken für "Get a tag"

Dieser Endpunkt funktioniert mit den folgenden Tokentypen.:

Das Token muss einen der folgenden Berechtigungssätze aufweisen.:

  • contents:read

Dieser Endpunkt kann ohne Authentifizierung oder die zuvor erwähnten Berechtigungen verwendet werden, wenn nur öffentliche Ressourcen angefordert werden.

Parameter für „Get a tag“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

tag_sha string Erforderlich

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Get a tag“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Codebeispiele für „Get a tag“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags/{tag_sha}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags/TAG_SHA

Response

Status: 200
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }