Skip to main content
Wir veröffentlichen regelmäßig Aktualisierungen unserer Dokumentation, und die Übersetzung dieser Seite ist möglicherweise noch nicht abgeschlossen. Aktuelle Informationen findest du in der englischsprachigen Dokumentation.
Die REST-API verfügt jetzt über eine Versionskontrolle. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Informationen zur API-Versionsverwaltung.

Git-Verweise

Verwende die REST-API, um mit Verweisen in deiner Git-Datenbank in GitHub zu interagieren.

Informationen zu Git-Verweisen

Ein Git-Verweis (git ref) ist eine Datei, die einen Git-SHA-1-Commithash enthält. Wenn du auf einen Git-Commit verweist, kannst du anstelle des Hashs den Git-Verweis verwenden, dessen Name leichter zu merken ist. Der Git-Verweis kann neu geschrieben werden, um auf einen neuen Commit zu verweisen. Ein Branch ist ein Git-Verweis, der den neuen Git-Commithash speichert. Diese Endpunkte ermöglichen dir das Lesen und Schreiben von Verweisen in deine Git-Datenbank auf GitHub.

List matching references

Funktioniert mit GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Parameter für „List matching references“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Erforderlich

ref parameter

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „List matching references“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

Codebeispiele für „List matching references“

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Funktioniert mit GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Parameter für „Get a reference“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Erforderlich

ref parameter

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Get a reference“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Codebeispiele für „Get a reference“

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Funktioniert mit GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Parameter für „Create a reference“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Textparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
ref string Erforderlich

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

sha string Erforderlich

The SHA1 value for this reference.

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Create a reference“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
201

Created

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „Create a reference“

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Funktioniert mit GitHub Apps

Parameter für „Update a reference“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Erforderlich

The name of the fully qualified reference to update. For example, refs/heads/master. If the value doesn't start with refs and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

Textparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
sha string Erforderlich

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

force boolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Standard: false

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Update a reference“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „Update a reference“

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Funktioniert mit GitHub Apps

Parameter für „Delete a reference“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Erforderlich

ref parameter

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Delete a reference“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
204

No Content

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „Delete a reference“

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204