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Diese Version von GitHub Enterprise wurde eingestellt am 2023-01-18. Es wird keine Patch-Freigabe vorgenommen, auch nicht für kritische Sicherheitsprobleme. Für bessere Leistung, verbesserte Sicherheit und neue Features aktualisiere auf die neueste Version von GitHub Enterprise. Wende dich an den GitHub Enterprise-Support, um Hilfe zum Upgrade zu erhalten.

Organisationswebhooks

Verwende die REST-API, um mit Webhooks in einer Organisation zu interagieren.

Informationen zu Organisationswebhooks

Organisationswebhooks ermöglichen es dir, POST-HTTP-Nutzdaten zu empfangen, wenn bestimmte Ereignisse in einer Organisation auftreten. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Informationen zu Webhooks.

Bereiche und Einschränkungen

Alle Aktionen für Organisationswebhooks erfordern, dass der authentifizierte Benutzer ein Administrator der Organisation sein muss, die verwaltet wird. Darüber hinaus benötigen OAuth-Token den admin:org_hook-Bereich. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Bereiche für OAuth-Apps.

Um vertrauliche Daten zu schützen, die in Webhook-Konfigurationen vorhanden sein können, erzwingen wir auch die folgenden Zugriffssteuerungsregeln:

  • OAuth-Anwendungen können keine Webhooks auflisten, anzeigen oder bearbeiten, die sie nicht erstellt haben.
  • Benutzer*innen können Webhooks, die von OAuth-Anwendungen erstellt wurden, nicht auflisten, anzeigen oder bearbeiten.

Empfangen von Webhooknutzdaten

Damit GitHub Enterprise Server Webhooknutzlasten senden kann, muss ein Zugriff auf deinen Server über das Internet möglich sein. Zudem wird dringend empfohlen, SSL zu verwenden, sodass verschlüsselte Nutzdaten über HTTPS gesendet werden können.

Weitere Best Practices findest du in unserem Leitfaden.

Webhookheader

GitHub Enterprise Server sendet mehrere HTTP-Header, um zwischen Ereignistypen und Nutzdatenbezeichnern zu unterscheiden. Details findest du unter Webhookheader.

List organization webhooks

Works with GitHub Apps

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

Query parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Default: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

Default: 1

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Code samples

get/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" } ]

Create an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Here's how you can create a hook that posts payloads in JSON format:

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

Body parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
namestringRequired

Must be passed as "web".

configobjectRequired

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook. These are defined below.

Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
urlstringRequired

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

usernamestring
passwordstring
eventsarray of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for. Set to ["*"] to receive all possible events.

Default: ["push"]

activeboolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

Default: true

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
201

Created

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Code samples

post/orgs/{org}/hooks
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks \ -d '{"name":"web","active":true,"events":["push","pull_request"],"config":{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Get an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns a webhook configured in an organization. To get only the webhook config properties, see "Get a webhook configuration for an organization."

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Code samples

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "push", "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Update an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Updates a webhook configured in an organization. When you update a webhook, the secret will be overwritten. If you previously had a secret set, you must provide the same secret or set a new secret or the secret will be removed. If you are only updating individual webhook config properties, use "Update a webhook configuration for an organization."

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

Body parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
configobject

Key/value pairs to provide settings for this webhook. These are defined below.

Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
urlstringRequired

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

eventsarray of strings

Determines what events the hook is triggered for.

Default: ["push"]

activeboolean

Determines if notifications are sent when the webhook is triggered. Set to true to send notifications.

Default: true

namestring

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Code samples

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID \ -d '{"active":true,"events":["pull_request"]}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1", "ping_url": "https://api.github.com/orgs/octocat/hooks/1/pings", "deliveries_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks/12345678/deliveries", "name": "web", "events": [ "pull_request" ], "active": true, "config": { "url": "http://example.com", "content_type": "json" }, "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "type": "Organization" }

Delete an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

Code samples

delete/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID

Response

Status: 204

Get a webhook configuration for an organization

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns the webhook configuration for an organization. To get more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Get an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:read permission.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

Code samples

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

Update a webhook configuration for an organization

Works with GitHub Apps

Updates the webhook configuration for an organization. To update more information about the webhook, including the active state and events, use "Update an organization webhook ."

Access tokens must have the admin:org_hook scope, and GitHub Apps must have the organization_hooks:write permission.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

Body parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
urlstring

The URL to which the payloads will be delivered.

content_typestring

The media type used to serialize the payloads. Supported values include json and form. The default is form.

secretstring

If provided, the secret will be used as the key to generate the HMAC hex digest value for delivery signature headers.

insecure_sslstring or number

Determines whether the SSL certificate of the host for url will be verified when delivering payloads. Supported values include 0 (verification is performed) and 1 (verification is not performed). The default is 0. We strongly recommend not setting this to 1 as you are subject to man-in-the-middle and other attacks.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

Code samples

patch/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/config
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/config \ -d '{"url":"http://example.com/webhook","content_type":"json","insecure_ssl":"0","secret":"********"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content_type": "json", "insecure_ssl": "0", "secret": "********", "url": "https://example.com/webhook" }

List deliveries for an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns a list of webhook deliveries for a webhook configured in an organization.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

Query parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

Default: 30

cursorstring

Used for pagination: the starting delivery from which the page of deliveries is fetched. Refer to the link header for the next and previous page cursors.

redeliveryboolean

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Code samples

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 }, { "id": 123456789, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-04T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": true, "duration": 0.28, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456 } ]

Get a webhook delivery for an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Returns a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

delivery_idintegerRequired

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Code samples

get/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 12345678, "guid": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "delivered_at": "2019-06-03T00:57:16Z", "redelivery": false, "duration": 0.27, "status": "OK", "status_code": 200, "event": "issues", "action": "opened", "installation_id": 123, "repository_id": 456, "url": "https://www.example.com", "request": { "headers": { "X-GitHub-Delivery": "0b989ba4-242f-11e5-81e1-c7b6966d2516", "X-Hub-Signature-256": "sha256=6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "Accept": "*/*", "X-GitHub-Hook-ID": "42", "User-Agent": "GitHub-Hookshot/b8c71d8", "X-GitHub-Event": "issues", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-ID": "123", "X-GitHub-Hook-Installation-Target-Type": "repository", "content-type": "application/json", "X-Hub-Signature": "sha1=a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d" }, "payload": { "action": "opened", "issue": { "body": "foo" }, "repository": { "id": 123 } } }, "response": { "headers": { "Content-Type": "text/html;charset=utf-8" }, "payload": "ok" } }

Redeliver a delivery for an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

Redeliver a delivery for a webhook configured in an organization.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

delivery_idintegerRequired

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
202

Accepted

400

Bad Request

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Code samples

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/deliveries/{delivery_id}/attempts
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/deliveries/DELIVERY_ID/attempts

Accepted

Ping an organization webhook

Works with GitHub Apps

This will trigger a ping event to be sent to the hook.

Parameters

Headers
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Path parameters
Name, Type, BESCHREIBUNG
orgstringRequired

The organization name. The name is not case sensitive.

hook_idintegerRequired

The unique identifier of the hook.

HTTP response status codes

Status codeBESCHREIBUNG
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

Code samples

post/orgs/{org}/hooks/{hook_id}/pings
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/orgs/ORG/hooks/HOOK_ID/pings

Response

Status: 204