About pull requests

Pull requests let you tell others about changes you've pushed to a branch in a repository on GitHub. Once a pull request is opened, you can discuss and review the potential changes with collaborators and add follow-up commits before your changes are merged into the base branch.

About pull requests

Note: When working with pull requests, keep the following in mind:

  • If you're working in the shared repository model, we recommend that you use a topic branch for your pull request. While you can send pull requests from any branch or commit, with a topic branch you can push follow-up commits if you need to update your proposed changes.
  • When pushing commits to a pull request, don't force push. Force pushing changes the repository history and can corrupt your pull request. If other collaborators branch the project before a force push, the force push may overwrite commits that collaborators based their work on.

You can create pull requests on GitHub.com, with GitHub Desktop, in Codespaces, on GitHub para dispositivos móveis, and when using GitHub CLI.

After initializing a pull request, you'll see a review page that shows a high-level overview of the changes between your branch (the compare branch) and the repository's base branch. You can add a summary of the proposed changes, review the changes made by commits, add labels, milestones, and assignees, and @mention individual contributors or teams. For more information, see "Creating a pull request."

Once you've created a pull request, you can push commits from your topic branch to add them to your existing pull request. These commits will appear in chronological order within your pull request and the changes will be visible in the "Files changed" tab.

Other contributors can review your proposed changes, add review comments, contribute to the pull request discussion, and even add commits to the pull request.

You can see information about the branch's current deployment status and past deployment activity on the "Conversation" tab. For more information, see "Viewing deployment activity for a repository."

After you're happy with the proposed changes, you can merge the pull request. If you're working in a shared repository model, you create a pull request and you, or someone else, will merge your changes from your feature branch into the base branch you specify in your pull request. For more information, see "Merging a pull request."

Se as verificações de status forem necessárias para um repositório, as verificações de status necessárias devem passar antes que você possa fazer merge do seu branch no branch protegido. Para obter mais informações, consulte "Sobre branches protegidos."

You can link a pull request to an issue to show that a fix is in progress and to automatically close the issue when someone merges the pull request. For more information, see "Linking a pull request to an issue."

Tips:

  • To toggle between collapsing and expanding all outdated review comments in a pull request, hold down optionAltAlt and click Show outdated or Hide outdated. For more shortcuts, see "Keyboard shortcuts."
  • You can squash commits when merging a pull request to gain a more streamlined view of changes. For more information, see "About pull request merges."

You can visit your dashboard to quickly find links to recently updated pull requests you're working on or subscribed to. For more information, see "About your personal dashboard."

Draft pull requests

Rascunhos de pull requests estão disponíveis em repositórios públicos com GitHub Free para organizações e planos de cobrança de legados por repositório, e em repositórios públicos e privados com GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Server 2. 7+ e GitHub Enterprise Cloud. Para obter mais informações, consulte os "produtos do GitHub".

When you create a pull request, you can choose to create a pull request that is ready for review or a draft pull request. Draft pull requests cannot be merged, and code owners are not automatically requested to review draft pull requests. For more information about creating a draft pull request, see "Creating a pull request" and "Creating a pull request from a fork."

Quando você estiver pronto para receber feedback sobre seu pull request, você poderá marcar seu rascunho de pull request como pronto para revisão. Marcar um pull request como pronto para revisão irá solicitar revisões de qualquer proprietário de código. You can convert a pull request to a draft at any time. For more information, see "Changing the stage of a pull request."

Differences between commits on compare and pull request pages

The compare and pull request pages use different methods to calculate the diff for changed files:

  • Compare pages show the diff between the tip of the head ref and the current common ancestor (that is, the merge base) of the head and base ref.
  • Pull request pages show the diff between the tip of the head ref and the common ancestor of the head and base ref at the time when the pull request was created. Consequently, the merge base used for the comparison might be different.

Further reading

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