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설명서에 자주 업데이트를 게시하며 이 페이지의 번역이 계속 진행 중일 수 있습니다. 최신 정보는 영어 설명서를 참조하세요.
이제 REST API의 버전이 지정됩니다. 자세한 내용은 "API 버전 관리 정보"를 참조하세요.

리포지토리 콘텐츠

REST API를 사용하여 리포지토리에서 Base64로 인코딩된 콘텐츠를 만들고 수정하고 삭제합니다.

리포지토리 콘텐츠 정보

원시 형식 또는 렌더링된 HTML(지원되는 경우)을 요청하려면 리포지토리 콘텐츠에 사용자 지정 미디어 형식을 사용합니다.

리포지토리 콘텐츠의 사용자 지정 미디어 형식

README, 파일, symlink는 다음과 같은 사용자 지정 미디어 형식을 지원합니다.

application/vnd.github.raw
application/vnd.github.html

파일 내용을 검색하려면 .raw 미디어 형식을 사용합니다.

Markdown 또는 AsciiDoc와 같은 태그 파일의 경우 .html 미디어 형식을 사용하여 렌더링된 HTML을 검색할 수 있습니다. 태그 언어는 오픈 소스 태그 라이브러리를 사용하여 HTML로 렌더링됩니다.

모든 개체는 다음과 같은 사용자 지정 미디어 형식을 지원합니다.

application/vnd.github.object

콘텐츠 형식에 관계없이 일관된 개체 형식으로 콘텐츠를 검색하려면 object 미디어 형식 매개 변수를 사용합니다. 예를 들어 응답은 디렉터리의 개체 배열 대신 개체 배열을 포함하는 entries 특성이 있는 개체가 됩니다.

API에서 미디어 형식을 사용하는 방법에 대한 자세한 내용은 여기를 참조하세요.

Get repository content

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Gets the contents of a file or directory in a repository. Specify the file path or directory in :path. If you omit :path, you will receive the contents of the repository's root directory. See the description below regarding what the API response includes for directories.

Files and symlinks support a custom media type for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML (when supported). All content types support a custom media type to ensure the content is returned in a consistent object format.

Notes:

  • To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree.
  • This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API.
  • Download URLs expire and are meant to be used just once. To ensure the download URL does not expire, please use the contents API to obtain a fresh download URL for each download.

Size limits

If the requested file's size is:

  • 1 MB or smaller: All features of this endpoint are supported.
  • Between 1-100 MB: Only the raw or object custom media types are supported. Both will work as normal, except that when using the object media type, the content field will be an empty string and the encoding field will be "none". To get the contents of these larger files, use the raw media type.
  • Greater than 100 MB: This endpoint is not supported.

If the content is a directory

The response will be an array of objects, one object for each item in the directory. When listing the contents of a directory, submodules have their "type" specified as "file". Logically, the value should be "submodule". This behavior exists in API v3 for backwards compatibility purposes. In the next major version of the API, the type will be returned as "submodule".

If the requested :path points to a symlink, and the symlink's target is a normal file in the repository, then the API responds with the content of the file (in the format shown in the example. Otherwise, the API responds with an object describing the symlink itself.

If the content is a submodule

The submodule_git_url identifies the location of the submodule repository, and the sha identifies a specific commit within the submodule repository. Git uses the given URL when cloning the submodule repository, and checks out the submodule at that specific commit.

If the submodule repository is not hosted on github.com, the Git URLs (git_url and _links["git"]) and the github.com URLs (html_url and _links["html"]) will have null values.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring필수

path parameter

쿼리 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
200

OK

302

Found

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH

Response if content is a file

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "IyBZb2dhIEJvmsgaW4gcHJvZ3Jlc3MhIEZlZWwgdAoKOndhcm5pbmc6IFdvc\\nZnJlZSBmUgdG8gY0byBjaGVjayBvdXQgdGhlIGFwcCwgYnV0IGJlIHN1c29t\\nZSBiYWNrIG9uY2UgaXQgaXMgY29tcGxldGUuCgpBIHdlYiBhcHAgdGhhdCBs\\nZWFkcyB5b3UgdGhyb3VnaCBhIHlvZ2Egc2Vzc2lvbi4KCltXb3Jrb3V0IG5v\\ndyFdKGh0dHBzOi8vc2tlZHdhcmRzODguZ2l0aHViLmlvL3lvZ2EvKQoKPGlt\\nZyBzcmM9InNyYy9pbWFnZXMvbWFza2FibGVfaWNvbl81MTIucG5nIiBhbHQ9\\nImJvdCBsaWZ0aW5nIHdlaWdodHMiIHdpZHRoPSIxMDAiLz4KCkRvIHlvdSBo\\nYXZlIGZlZWRiYWNrIG9yIGlkZWFzIGZvciBpbXByb3ZlbWVudD8gW09wZW4g\\nYW4gaXNzdWVdKGh0dHBzOi8vZ2l0aHViLmNvbS9za2Vkd2FyZHM4OC95b2dh\\nL2lzc3Vlcy9uZXcpLgoKV2FudCBtb3JlIGdhbWVzPyBWaXNpdCBbQ25TIEdh\\nbWVzXShodHRwczovL3NrZWR3YXJkczg4LmdpdGh1Yi5pby9wb3J0Zm9saW8v\\nKS4KCiMjIERldmVsb3BtZW50CgpUbyBhZGQgYSBuZXcgcG9zZSwgYWRkIGFu\\nIGVudHJ5IHRvIHRoZSByZWxldmFudCBmaWxlIGluIGBzcmMvYXNhbmFzYC4K\\nClRvIGJ1aWxkLCBydW4gYG5wbSBydW4gYnVpbGRgLgoKVG8gcnVuIGxvY2Fs\\nbHkgd2l0aCBsaXZlIHJlbG9hZGluZyBhbmQgbm8gc2VydmljZSB3b3JrZXIs\\nIHJ1biBgbnBtIHJ1biBkZXZgLiAoSWYgYSBzZXJ2aWNlIHdvcmtlciB3YXMg\\ncHJldmlvdXNseSByZWdpc3RlcmVkLCB5b3UgY2FuIHVucmVnaXN0ZXIgaXQg\\naW4gY2hyb21lIGRldmVsb3BlciB0b29sczogYEFwcGxpY2F0aW9uYCA+IGBT\\nZXJ2aWNlIHdvcmtlcnNgID4gYFVucmVnaXN0ZXJgLikKClRvIHJ1biBsb2Nh\\nbGx5IGFuZCByZWdpc3RlciB0aGUgc2VydmljZSB3b3JrZXIsIHJ1biBgbnBt\\nIHN0YXJ0YC4KClRvIGRlcGxveSwgcHVzaCB0byBgbWFpbmAgb3IgbWFudWFs\\nbHkgdHJpZ2dlciB0aGUgYC5naXRodWIvd29ya2Zsb3dzL2RlcGxveS55bWxg\\nIHdvcmtmbG93Lgo=\\n", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Create or update file contents

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Creates a new file or replaces an existing file in a repository. You must authenticate using an access token with the workflow scope to use this endpoint.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Delete a file" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring필수

path parameter

본문 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
messagestring필수

The commit message.

contentstring필수

The new file content, using Base64 encoding.

shastring

Required if you are updating a file. The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

The person that committed the file. Default: the authenticated user.

속성, 형식, Description
namestring필수

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstring필수

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring
authorobject

The author of the file. Default: The committer or the authenticated user if you omit committer.

속성, 형식, Description
namestring필수

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstring필수

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
200

OK

201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

코드 샘플

put/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"content":"bXkgbmV3IGZpbGUgY29udGVudHM="}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "content": { "name": "hello.txt", "path": "notes/hello.txt", "sha": "95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "size": 9, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octocat/HelloWorld/master/notes/hello.txt", "type": "file", "_links": { "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt" } }, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Delete a file

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Deletes a file in a repository.

You can provide an additional committer parameter, which is an object containing information about the committer. Or, you can provide an author parameter, which is an object containing information about the author.

The author section is optional and is filled in with the committer information if omitted. If the committer information is omitted, the authenticated user's information is used.

You must provide values for both name and email, whether you choose to use author or committer. Otherwise, you'll receive a 422 status code.

Note: If you use this endpoint and the "Create or update file contents" endpoint in parallel, the concurrent requests will conflict and you will receive errors. You must use these endpoints serially instead.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring필수

path parameter

본문 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
messagestring필수

The commit message.

shastring필수

The blob SHA of the file being deleted.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

object containing information about the committer.

속성, 형식, Description
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

authorobject

object containing information about the author.

속성, 형식, Description
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

503

Service unavailable

코드 샘플

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"sha":"329688480d39049927147c162b9d2deaf885005f"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content": null, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Get a repository README

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Gets the preferred README for a repository.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

쿼리 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Get a repository README for a directory

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Gets the README from a repository directory.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

dirstring필수

The alternate path to look for a README file

쿼리 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme/{dir}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme/DIR

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Download a repository archive (tar)

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a tar archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring필수

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
302

Found

코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/tarball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/tarball/REF

Response

Status: 302

Download a repository archive (zip)

에서 작동 GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a zip archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually main) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request.

Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes. If the repository is empty, you will receive a 404 when you follow the redirect.

매개 변수

헤더
속성, 형식, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
속성, 형식, Description
ownerstring필수

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring필수

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring필수

HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드Description
302

Found

코드 샘플

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/zipball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/zipball/REF

Response

Status: 302