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이제 REST API의 버전이 지정되었습니다. 자세한 내용은 "API 버전 관리 정보"를 참조하세요.

커밋 상태

REST API를 사용하여 커밋 상태와 상호 작용합니다.

커밋 상태 정보

REST API를 사용하면 외부 서비스가 커밋을 error, failure, pending 또는 success 상태로 표시할 수 있으며, 이는 해당 커밋과 관련된 끌어오기 요청에 반영됩니다. 상태에는 선택 사항인 descriptiontarget_url도 포함될 수 있으며 GitHub UI에서 상태를 더 유용하게 만들 수 있으므로 제공하는 것이 좋습니다.

예를 들어 연속 통합 서비스에서 커밋을 상태를 사용하여 빌드를 통과 또는 실패로 표시하는 것이 일반적인 용도입니다. target_url은 빌드 출력의 전체 URL이고 description은 빌드에서 발생한 일에 대한 상위 수준 요약입니다.

상태에는 해당 상태를 제공하는 서비스를 나타내는 context가 포함될 수 있습니다. 예를 들어 컨텍스트가 ci인 연속 통합 서비스 푸시 상태와 컨텍스트가 security인 보안 감사 도구 푸시 상태가 있을 수 있습니다. 그런 다음 특정 참조에 대한 결합 상태 가져오기에 REST API를 사용하여 커밋의 전체 상태를 검색할 수 있습니다.

repo:status OAuth 범위는 리포지토리 코드에 대한 액세스 권한도 부여하지 않은 상태에 대한 대상 액세스 권한을 부여하는 반면 repo 범위는 상태뿐 아니라 코드에 대한 권한도 부여합니다.

GitHub 앱을 개발 중이고 외부 서비스에 대한 더 자세한 정보를 제공하려는 경우 REST API를 검사 관리에 사용할 수 있습니다. 자세한 내용은 "검사에 대한 REST API 엔드포인트"을(를) 참조하세요.

Get the combined status for a specific reference

Users with pull access in a repository can access a combined view of commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name.

Additionally, a combined state is returned. The state is one of:

  • failure if any of the contexts report as error or failure
  • pending if there are no statuses or a context is pending
  • success if the latest status for all contexts is success

"Get the combined status for a specific reference"에 대한 세분화된 액세스 토큰

이 엔드포인트는 다음 토큰 형식에서 작동합니다.:

토큰에 다음 권한 집합이 있어야 합니다.:

  • statuses:read

공용 리소스만 요청되는 경우 인증 또는 앞서 언급한 권한 없이 이 엔드포인트를 사용할 수 있습니다.

"Get the combined status for a specific reference"에 대한 매개 변수

헤더
이름, Type, 설명
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
owner string Required

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Required

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Required

The commit reference. Can be a commit SHA, branch name (heads/BRANCH_NAME), or tag name (tags/TAG_NAME). For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

쿼리 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

기본값: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

기본값: 1

"Get the combined status for a specific reference"에 대한 HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드설명
200

OK

404

Resource not found

"Get the combined status for a specific reference"에 대한 코드 샘플

요청 예제

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/status
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/status

Response

Status: 200
{ "state": "success", "statuses": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z" }, { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/other_user_happy.gif", "id": 2, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMg==", "state": "success", "description": "Testing has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/2000/output", "context": "security/brakeman", "created_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-08-20T01:19:13Z" } ], "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "total_count": 2, "repository": { "id": 1296269, "node_id": "MDEwOlJlcG9zaXRvcnkxMjk2MjY5", "name": "Hello-World", "full_name": "octocat/Hello-World", "owner": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "private": false, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "description": "This your first repo!", "fork": false, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World", "archive_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/{archive_format}{/ref}", "assignees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/assignees{/user}", "blobs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs{/sha}", "branches_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches{/branch}", "collaborators_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/collaborators{/collaborator}", "comments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/comments{/number}", "commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits{/sha}", "compare_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/{base}...{head}", "contents_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/{+path}", "contributors_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contributors", "deployments_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/deployments", "downloads_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/downloads", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/events", "forks_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/forks", "git_commits_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits{/sha}", "git_refs_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs{/sha}", "git_tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags{/sha}", "git_url": "git:github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "issue_comment_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/comments{/number}", "issue_events_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/events{/number}", "issues_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues{/number}", "keys_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/keys{/key_id}", "labels_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels{/name}", "languages_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/languages", "merges_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/merges", "milestones_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones{/number}", "notifications_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/notifications{?since,all,participating}", "pulls_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls{/number}", "releases_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/releases{/id}", "ssh_url": "git@github.com:octocat/Hello-World.git", "stargazers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/stargazers", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/{sha}", "subscribers_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscribers", "subscription_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscription", "tags_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tags", "teams_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/teams", "trees_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees{/sha}", "hooks_url": "http://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks" }, "commit_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/status" }

List commit statuses for a reference

Users with pull access in a repository can view commit statuses for a given ref. The ref can be a SHA, a branch name, or a tag name. Statuses are returned in reverse chronological order. The first status in the list will be the latest one.

This resource is also available via a legacy route: GET /repos/:owner/:repo/statuses/:ref.

"List commit statuses for a reference"에 대한 세분화된 액세스 토큰

이 엔드포인트는 다음 토큰 형식에서 작동합니다.:

토큰에 다음 권한 집합이 있어야 합니다.:

  • statuses:read

공용 리소스만 요청되는 경우 인증 또는 앞서 언급한 권한 없이 이 엔드포인트를 사용할 수 있습니다.

"List commit statuses for a reference"에 대한 매개 변수

헤더
이름, Type, 설명
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
owner string Required

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Required

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Required

The commit reference. Can be a commit SHA, branch name (heads/BRANCH_NAME), or tag name (tags/TAG_NAME). For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

쿼리 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

기본값: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

기본값: 1

"List commit statuses for a reference"에 대한 HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드설명
200

OK

301

Moved permanently

"List commit statuses for a reference"에 대한 코드 샘플

요청 예제

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}/statuses
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF/statuses

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } } ]

Create a commit status

Users with push access in a repository can create commit statuses for a given SHA.

Note: there is a limit of 1000 statuses per sha and context within a repository. Attempts to create more than 1000 statuses will result in a validation error.

"Create a commit status"에 대한 세분화된 액세스 토큰

이 엔드포인트는 다음 토큰 형식에서 작동합니다.:

토큰에 다음 권한 집합이 있어야 합니다.:

  • statuses:write

"Create a commit status"에 대한 매개 변수

헤더
이름, Type, 설명
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

경로 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
owner string Required

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Required

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

sha string Required
본문 매개 변수
이름, Type, 설명
state string Required

The state of the status.

다음 중 하나일 수 있습니다.: error, failure, pending, success

target_url string or null

The target URL to associate with this status. This URL will be linked from the GitHub UI to allow users to easily see the source of the status.
For example, if your continuous integration system is posting build status, you would want to provide the deep link for the build output for this specific SHA:
http://ci.example.com/user/repo/build/sha

description string or null

A short description of the status.

context string

A string label to differentiate this status from the status of other systems. This field is case-insensitive.

기본값: default

"Create a commit status"에 대한 HTTP 응답 상태 코드

상태 코드설명
201

Created

"Create a commit status"에 대한 코드 샘플

요청 예제

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/statuses/{sha}
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/statuses/SHA \ -d '{"state":"success","target_url":"https://example.com/build/status","description":"The build succeeded!","context":"continuous-integration/jenkins"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDY6U3RhdHVzMQ==", "state": "success", "description": "Build has completed successfully", "target_url": "https://ci.example.com/1000/output", "context": "continuous-integration/jenkins", "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } }