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Gitタグ

Git tags APIを使うと、GitHub上のGitデータベースでタグオブジェクトの読み書きができます。

Git tags APIについて

Git タグは Git リファレンスに似ていますが、変更しないことを指す Git コミットです。 Git タグは、特定のリリースを指すときに役立ちます。 これらのエンドポイントを使用すると、GitHub 上の Git データベースに対して タグオブジェクトの読み書きができます。 Git タグ API は、アノテーションされたタグオブジェクトのみをサポートし、軽量タグはサポートしません。

Create a tag object

Works with GitHub Apps

Note that creating a tag object does not create the reference that makes a tag in Git. If you want to create an annotated tag in Git, you have to do this call to create the tag object, and then create the refs/tags/[tag] reference. If you want to create a lightweight tag, you only have to create the tag reference - this call would be unnecessary.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

パラメータ

Headers
名前, 種類, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended.

Path parameters
名前, 種類, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Body parameters
名前, 種類, 説明
tagstring必須

The tag's name. This is typically a version (e.g., "v0.0.1").

messagestring必須

The tag message.

objectstring必須

The SHA of the git object this is tagging.

typestring必須

The type of the object we're tagging. Normally this is a commit but it can also be a tree or a blob.

Can be one of: commit, tree, blob

taggerobject

An object with information about the individual creating the tag.

名前, 種類, 説明
namestring必須

The name of the author of the tag

emailstring必須

The email of the author of the tag

datestring

When this object was tagged. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

HTTP response status codes

Status code説明
201

Created

422

Validation failed

コードサンプル

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags \ -d '{"tag":"v0.0.1","message":"initial version","object":"c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c","type":"commit","tagger":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com","date":"2011-06-17T14:53:35-07:00"}}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }

Get a tag

Works with GitHub Apps

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on her/his account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

パラメータ

Headers
名前, 種類, 説明
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended.

Path parameters
名前, 種類, 説明
ownerstring必須

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必須

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

tag_shastring必須

HTTP response status codes

Status code説明
200

OK

404

Resource not found

コードサンプル

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/tags/{tag_sha}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/tags/TAG_SHA

Response

Status: 200
{ "node_id": "MDM6VGFnOTQwYmQzMzYyNDhlZmFlMGY5ZWU1YmM3YjJkNWM5ODU4ODdiMTZhYw==", "tag": "v0.0.1", "sha": "940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags/940bd336248efae0f9ee5bc7b2d5c985887b16ac", "message": "initial version", "tagger": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com", "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z" }, "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/c3d0be41ecbe669545ee3e94d31ed9a4bc91ee3c" }, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }