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Nous publions des mises à jour fréquentes de notre documentation, et la traduction de cette page peut encore être en cours. Pour obtenir les informations les plus actuelles, consultez la documentation anglaise.
L’API REST est maintenant versionnée. Pour plus d’informations, consultez « À propos des versions de l’API ».

Références Git

Utilisez l’API REST pour interagir avec les références de votre base de données Git sur GitHub.

À propos des références Git

Une référence Git (git ref) est un fichier qui contient un hachage SHA-1 de validation Git. Lorsque vous faites référence à une validation Git, vous pouvez utiliser la référence Git, qui est un nom facile à mémoriser, plutôt que le hachage. La référence Git peut être réécrite pour pointer vers une nouvelle validation. Une branche est une référence Git qui stocke le nouveau hachage de validation Git. Ces points de terminaison vous permettent de lire et d’écrire des références à votre base de données Git sur GitHub.

List matching references

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Paramètres

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
ownerstringObligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObligatoire

ref parameter

Codes de statut de réponse HTTP

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

Exemples de code

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Paramètres

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
ownerstringObligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObligatoire

ref parameter

Codes de statut de réponse HTTP

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Exemples de code

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Paramètres

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
ownerstringObligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Paramètres du corps
Nom, Type, Description
refstringObligatoire

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

shastringObligatoire

The SHA1 value for this reference.

keystring

Codes de statut de réponse HTTP

Code d’étatDescription
201

Created

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Paramètres

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
ownerstringObligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObligatoire

The name of the fully qualified reference to update. For example, refs/heads/master. If the value doesn't start with refs and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

Paramètres du corps
Nom, Type, Description
shastringObligatoire

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

forceboolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Default: false

Codes de statut de réponse HTTP

Code d’étatDescription
200

OK

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Compatible avec GitHub Apps

Paramètres

En-têtes
Nom, Type, Description
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Paramètres de chemin d’accès
Nom, Type, Description
ownerstringObligatoire

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringObligatoire

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringObligatoire

ref parameter

Codes de statut de réponse HTTP

Code d’étatDescription
204

No Content

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemples de code

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204