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Esta versión de GitHub Enterprise se discontinuará el 2023-01-18. No se realizarán lanzamientos de patch, ni siquiera para problemas de seguridad críticos. Para obtener rendimiento mejorado, seguridad mejorada y nuevas características, actualice a la versión más reciente de GitHub Enterprise. Para obtener ayuda con la actualización, póngase en contacto con el soporte técnico de GitHub Enterprise.

Installing GitHub Enterprise Server on Google Cloud Platform

To install GitHub Enterprise Server on Google Cloud Platform, you must deploy onto a supported machine type and use a persistent standard disk or a persistent SSD.

Prerequisites

Hardware considerations

Minimum requirements

We recommend different hardware configurations depending on the number of user licenses for your GitHub Enterprise Server instance. If you provision more resources than the minimum requirements, your instance will perform and scale better.

Licencias de usuariovCPUMemoriaAlmacenamiento raízAlmacenamiento adjunto (datos)
Prueba, Demo o 10 usuarios no frecuentes432 GB200 GB150 GB
10-3000848 GB200 GB300 GB
3000-50001264 GB200 GB500 GB
5000-80001696 GB200 GB750 GB
8000-10000+20160 GB200 GB1000 GB

If you plan to enable GitHub Actions for the users of your instance, more resources are required.

vCPUMemoriaSimultaneidad máxima
864 GB300 trabajos
16128 GB700 trabajos
32160 GB1300 trabajos
64256 GB2000 trabajos
96384 GB4000 trabajos

For more information about these requirements, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

Para más información sobre cómo ajustar los recursos de una instancia existente, vea "Aumento de la capacidad de almacenamiento" y "Aumento de los recursos de CPU o memoria".

Storage

We recommend a high-performance SSD with high input/output operations per second (IOPS) and low latency for GitHub Enterprise Server. Workloads are I/O intensive. If you use a bare metal hypervisor, we recommend directly attaching the disk or using a disk from a storage area network (SAN).

Your instance requires a persistent data disk separate from the root disk. For more information, see "System overview."

To configure GitHub Actions, you must provide external blob storage. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

The available space on the root filesystem will be 50% of the total disk size. You can resize your instance's root disk by building a new instance or using an existing instance. For more information, see "System overview" and "Increasing storage capacity."

CPU and memory

The CPU and memory resources that GitHub Enterprise Server requires depend on the levels of activity for users, automations, and integrations.

If you plan to enable GitHub Actions for the users of your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, you may need to provision additional CPU and memory resources for your instance. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."

Cuando incrementas tus recursos de CPU, te recomendamos agregar por lo menos 6.5 GB de memoria para cada vCPU (hasta 16 vCPU) que aprovisiones para la instancia. Cuando utilizas más de 16 CPU, no necesitas agregar 6.5 GB de memoria para cada uno, pero debes monitorear tu instancia para garantizar que tenga memoria suficiente.

Warning: We recommend that users configure webhook events to notify external systems of activity on GitHub Enterprise Server. Automated checks for changes, or polling, will negatively impact the performance and scalability of your instance. For more information, see "About webhooks."

For more information about monitoring the capacity and performance of GitHub Enterprise Server, see "Monitoring your appliance."

You can increase your instance's CPU or memory resources. For more information, see "Increasing CPU or memory resources."

Determining the machine type

Before launching your GitHub Enterprise Server instance on Google Cloud Platform, you'll need to determine the machine type that best fits the needs of your organization. To review the minimum requirements for GitHub Enterprise Server, see "Minimum requirements."

Nota: Siempre puede escalar verticalmente la CPU o la memoria si cambia de tamaño la instancia. Sin embargo, ya que cambiar de tamaño tu CPU o memoria requiere tiempo de inactividad para tus usuarios, recomendamos contar con recursos de sobra para compensar un escalamiento.

GitHub recommends a general-purpose, high-memory machine for GitHub Enterprise Server. For more information, see "Machine types" in the Google Compute Engine documentation.

Selecting the GitHub Enterprise Server image

  1. Using the gcloud compute command-line tool, list the public GitHub Enterprise Server images:

    $ gcloud compute images list --project github-enterprise-public --no-standard-images
  2. Take note of the image name for the latest GCE image of GitHub Enterprise Server.

Configuring the firewall

GCE virtual machines are created as a member of a network, which has a firewall. For the network associated with the GitHub Enterprise Server VM, you'll need to configure the firewall to allow the required ports listed in the table below. For more information about firewall rules on Google Cloud Platform, see the Google guide "Firewall Rules Overview."

  1. Using the gcloud compute command-line tool, create the network. For more information, see "gcloud compute networks create" in the Google documentation.

    $ gcloud compute networks create NETWORK-NAME --subnet-mode auto
  2. Create a firewall rule for each of the ports in the table below. For more information, see "gcloud compute firewall-rules" in the Google documentation.

    $ gcloud compute firewall-rules create RULE-NAME \
       --network NETWORK-NAME \
       --allow tcp:22,tcp:25,tcp:80,tcp:122,udp:161,tcp:443,udp:1194,tcp:8080,tcp:8443,tcp:9418,icmp

    This table identifies the required ports and what each port is used for.

    PortServicioDescripción
    22SSHGit a través de acceso SSH. Se admite clonar, extraer y subir operaciones a repositorios privados/públicos.
    25SMTPSMTP con soporte de encriptación (STARTTLS).
    80HTTPAcceso a aplicación web. Todas las solicitudes se redirigen al puerto HTTPS cuando se habilita SSL.
    122SSHAcceso a shell de instancia. El puerto SSH predeterminado (22) se dedica a la aplicación de Git y el tráfico de red SSH.
    161/UDPSNMPSe requiere para operar el protocolo de revisión de red.
    443HTTPSAplicación web y Git a través de acceso HTTPS.
    1194/UDPVPNTúnel de red de replicación segura en la configuración de alta disponibilidad.
    8080HTTPConsola de administración basada en la web de texto simple. No es obligatorio a menos que SSL se deshabilite de forma manual.
    8443HTTPSConsola de administración seguro basada en la web. Necesario para la instalación y la configuración básicas.
    9418GitPuerto simple de protocolo de Git. Únicamente clonar y extraer operaciones a repositorios públicos. Comunicación de red sin cifrar. Si habilitaste el modo privado en tu instancia, entonces solo se requerirá abrir este puerto si también habilitas el acceso de lectura anónimo para Git. Para más información, vea "Aplicación de directivas de administración de repositorios en la empresa".

Allocating a static IP and assigning it to the VM

If this is a production appliance, we strongly recommend reserving a static external IP address and assigning it to the GitHub Enterprise Server VM. Otherwise, the public IP address of the VM will not be retained after restarts. For more information, see the Google guide "Reserving a Static External IP Address."

In production High Availability configurations, both primary and replica appliances should be assigned separate static IP addresses.

Creating the GitHub Enterprise Server instance

To create the GitHub Enterprise Server instance, you'll need to create a GCE instance with your GitHub Enterprise Server image and attach an additional storage volume for your instance data. For more information, see "Hardware considerations."

  1. Using the gcloud compute command-line tool, create a data disk to use as an attached storage volume for your instance data, and configure the size based on your user license count. For more information, see "gcloud compute disks create" in the Google documentation.

    $ gcloud compute disks create DATA-DISK-NAME --size DATA-DISK-SIZE --type DATA-DISK-TYPE --zone ZONE
  2. Then create an instance using the name of the GitHub Enterprise Server image you selected, and attach the data disk. For more information, see "gcloud compute instances create" in the Google documentation.

    $ gcloud compute instances create INSTANCE-NAME \
    --machine-type n1-standard-8 \
    --image GITHUB-ENTERPRISE-IMAGE-NAME \
    --disk name=DATA-DISK-NAME \
    --metadata serial-port-enable=1 \
    --zone ZONE \
    --network NETWORK-NAME \
    --image-project github-enterprise-public

Configuring the instance

  1. Copie el nombre DNS público de la máquina virtual y péguelo en un explorador web.
  2. En el prompt, carga tu archivo de licencia y configura una contraseña de consola de administración. Para obtener más información, consulte "Administrar tu licencia de GitHub Enterprise".
  3. En Consola de administración, configura y guarda la configuración deseada. For more information, see "Configuring the GitHub Enterprise Server appliance."
  4. La instancia se reiniciará automáticamente.
  5. Haga clic en Visitar la instancia.

Further reading