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Contenidos del repositorio

Las terminales de esta API te permiten crear, modificar y borrar contenido cifrado en Base64 en un repositorio.

About the Repository contents API

Para solicitar el formato sin procesar y interpretado en HTML (cuando sea posible), utiliza los tipos de medios personalizados para el contenido de un repositorio.

Tipos de medios personalizados para el contenido de un repositorio

Los README, archivos y symlinks son compatibles con los siguientes tipos de medios personalizados:

application/vnd.github.VERSION.raw
application/vnd.github.VERSION.html

Utiliza el tipo de medios .raw para recuperar el contenido del archivo.

Para archivos de markup tales como Markdown o AsciiDoc, puedes recuperar la interpretación en HTML si utilizas el tipo de medios .html. Los lenguajes de Markup se interpretan en HTML utilizando nuestra biblioteca de Markup de código abierto.

Todos los objetos son compatibles con el siguiente tipo de medios personalizados:

application/vnd.github.VERSION.object

Utiliza el parámetro de tipo de medios object para recuperar el contenido en un formato de objeto consistente sin importar el tipo de contenido. Por ejemplo, en vez de ser una matriz de objetos para un directorio, la respuesta será un objeto con un atributo de entries que contenga la matriz de objetos.

Puedes leer más acerca del uso de tipos de medios en la API aquí.

Get repository content

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Gets the contents of a file or directory in a repository. Specify the file path or directory in :path. If you omit :path, you will receive the contents of the repository's root directory. See the description below regarding what the API response includes for directories.

Files and symlinks support a custom media type for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML (when supported). All content types support a custom media type to ensure the content is returned in a consistent object format.

Note:

  • To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree.
  • This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API.
  • This API supports files up to 1 megabyte in size.

If the content is a directory

The response will be an array of objects, one object for each item in the directory. When listing the contents of a directory, submodules have their "type" specified as "file". Logically, the value should be "submodule". This behavior exists in API v3 for backwards compatibility purposes. In the next major version of the API, the type will be returned as "submodule".

If the requested :path points to a symlink, and the symlink's target is a normal file in the repository, then the API responds with the content of the file (in the format shown in the example. Otherwise, the API responds with an object describing the symlink itself.

If the content is a submodule

The submodule_git_url identifies the location of the submodule repository, and the sha identifies a specific commit within the submodule repository. Git uses the given URL when cloning the submodule repository, and checks out the submodule at that specific commit.

If the submodule repository is not hosted on github.com, the Git URLs (git_url and _links["git"]) and the github.com URLs (html_url and _links["html"]) will have null values.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringRequerido

path parameter

Parámetros de consulta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

302

Found

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH

Response if content is a file

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Create or update file contents

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Creates a new file or replaces an existing file in a repository.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringRequerido

path parameter

Parámetros de cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
messagestringRequerido

The commit message.

contentstringRequerido

The new file content, using Base64 encoding.

shastring

Required if you are updating a file. The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

The person that committed the file. Default: the authenticated user.

Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
namestringRequerido

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstringRequerido

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring
authorobject

The author of the file. Default: The committer or the authenticated user if you omit committer.

Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
namestringRequerido

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstringRequerido

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

put/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"content":"bXkgbmV3IGZpbGUgY29udGVudHM="}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "content": { "name": "hello.txt", "path": "notes/hello.txt", "sha": "95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "size": 9, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octocat/HelloWorld/master/notes/hello.txt", "type": "file", "_links": { "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt" } }, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Delete a file

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Deletes a file in a repository.

You can provide an additional committer parameter, which is an object containing information about the committer. Or, you can provide an author parameter, which is an object containing information about the author.

The author section is optional and is filled in with the committer information if omitted. If the committer information is omitted, the authenticated user's information is used.

You must provide values for both name and email, whether you choose to use author or committer. Otherwise, you'll receive a 422 status code.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstringRequerido

path parameter

Parámetros de cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
messagestringRequerido

The commit message.

shastringRequerido

The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

object containing information about the committer.

Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

authorobject

object containing information about the author.

Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed

503

Service unavailable

Ejemplos de código

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"sha":"329688480d39049927147c162b9d2deaf885005f"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content": null, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Get a repository README

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Gets the preferred README for a repository.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Parámetros de consulta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Get a repository README for a directory

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Gets the README from a repository directory.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

dirstringRequerido

The alternate path to look for a README file

Parámetros de consulta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme/{dir}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme/DIR

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Download a repository archive (tar)

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a tar archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually master) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
302

Found

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/tarball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/tarball/REF

Response

Status: 302

Download a repository archive (zip)

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Gets a redirect URL to download a zip archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually master) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
302

Found

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/zipball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/zipball/REF

Response

Status: 302