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仓库内容

此 API 端点允许您在仓库中创建、修改和删除 Base64 编码的内容。

关于存储库内容 API

要请求原始格式或渲染的 HTML(如果支持),请对仓库内容使用自定义媒体类型。

仓库内容的自定义媒体类型

自述文件文件符号链接支持以下自定义媒体类型:

application/vnd.github.VERSION.raw
application/vnd.github.VERSION.html

使用 .raw 媒体类型检索文件内容。

对于 Markdown 或 AsciiDoc 等标记文件,您可以使用 .html 媒体类型检索渲染的 HTML。 使用我们的开源标记库将标记语言渲染为 HTML。

所有对象都支持以下自定义媒体类型:

application/vnd.github.VERSION.object

使用 object 媒体类型参数以一致的对象格式检索内容,而不考虑内容类型。 例如,响应将是包含对象数组的 entries 属性的对象,而不是目录的对象数组。

您可以在此处阅读有关 API 中媒体类型使用情况的更多信息。

Get repository content

Gets the contents of a file or directory in a repository. Specify the file path or directory in :path. If you omit :path, you will receive the contents of the repository's root directory. See the description below regarding what the API response includes for directories.

Files and symlinks support a custom media type for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML (when supported). All content types support a custom media type to ensure the content is returned in a consistent object format.

Note:

  • To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree.
  • This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API.
  • This API supports files up to 1 megabyte in size.

If the content is a directory

The response will be an array of objects, one object for each item in the directory. When listing the contents of a directory, submodules have their "type" specified as "file". Logically, the value should be "submodule". This behavior exists in API v3 for backwards compatibility purposes. In the next major version of the API, the type will be returned as "submodule".

If the requested :path points to a symlink, and the symlink's target is a normal file in the repository, then the API responds with the content of the file (in the format shown in the example. Otherwise, the API responds with an object describing the symlink itself.

If the content is a submodule

The submodule_git_url identifies the location of the submodule repository, and the sha identifies a specific commit within the submodule repository. Git uses the given URL when cloning the submodule repository, and checks out the submodule at that specific commit.

If the submodule repository is not hosted on github.com, the Git URLs (git_url and _links["git"]) and the github.com URLs (html_url and _links["html"]) will have null values.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring必选

path parameter

查询参数
名称, 类型, 描述
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

302

Found

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH

Response if content is a file

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Create or update file contents

Creates a new file or replaces an existing file in a repository.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring必选

path parameter

正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
messagestring必选

The commit message.

contentstring必选

The new file content, using Base64 encoding.

shastring

Required if you are updating a file. The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

The person that committed the file. Default: the authenticated user.

名称, 类型, 描述
namestring必选

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstring必选

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring
authorobject

The author of the file. Default: The committer or the authenticated user if you omit committer.

名称, 类型, 描述
namestring必选

The name of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if name is omitted.

emailstring必选

The email of the author or committer of the commit. You'll receive a 422 status code if email is omitted.

datestring

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed

代码示例

put/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"content":"bXkgbmV3IGZpbGUgY29udGVudHM="}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "content": { "name": "hello.txt", "path": "notes/hello.txt", "sha": "95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "size": 9, "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octocat/HelloWorld/master/notes/hello.txt", "type": "file", "_links": { "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/notes/hello.txt", "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/95b966ae1c166bd92f8ae7d1c313e738c731dfc3", "html": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/master/notes/hello.txt" } }, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Delete a file

Deletes a file in a repository.

You can provide an additional committer parameter, which is an object containing information about the committer. Or, you can provide an author parameter, which is an object containing information about the author.

The author section is optional and is filled in with the committer information if omitted. If the committer information is omitted, the authenticated user's information is used.

You must provide values for both name and email, whether you choose to use author or committer. Otherwise, you'll receive a 422 status code.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

pathstring必选

path parameter

正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
messagestring必选

The commit message.

shastring必选

The blob SHA of the file being replaced.

branchstring

The branch name. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

committerobject

object containing information about the committer.

名称, 类型, 描述
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

authorobject

object containing information about the author.

名称, 类型, 描述
namestring

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

emailstring

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed

503

Service unavailable

代码示例

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/contents/{path}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/contents/PATH \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","committer":{"name":"Monalisa Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com"},"sha":"329688480d39049927147c162b9d2deaf885005f"}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "content": null, "commit": { "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/git/commit/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } } }

Get a repository README

Gets the preferred README for a repository.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 描述
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Get a repository README for a directory

Gets the README from a repository directory.

READMEs support custom media types for retrieving the raw content or rendered HTML.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

dirstring必选

The alternate path to look for a README file

查询参数
名称, 类型, 描述
refstring

The name of the commit/branch/tag. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually master)

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/readme/{dir}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/readme/DIR

Response

Status: 200
{ "type": "file", "encoding": "base64", "size": 5362, "name": "README.md", "path": "README.md", "content": "encoded content ...", "sha": "3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "git_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md", "download_url": "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/octokit/octokit.rb/master/README.md", "_links": { "git": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/git/blobs/3d21ec53a331a6f037a91c368710b99387d012c1", "self": "https://api.github.com/repos/octokit/octokit.rb/contents/README.md", "html": "https://github.com/octokit/octokit.rb/blob/master/README.md" } }

Download a repository archive (tar)

Gets a redirect URL to download a tar archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually master) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必选

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
302

Found

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/tarball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/tarball/REF

Response

Status: 302

Download a repository archive (zip)

Gets a redirect URL to download a zip archive for a repository. If you omit :ref, the repository’s default branch (usually master) will be used. Please make sure your HTTP framework is configured to follow redirects or you will need to use the Location header to make a second GET request. Note: For private repositories, these links are temporary and expire after five minutes.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
ownerstring必选

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostring必选

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstring必选

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
302

Found

代码示例

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/zipball/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/zipball/REF

Response

Status: 302