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Utilizar la API de GraphQL para los debates

Aprende a utilizar la API de GraphQL de los GitHub Discussions.

La API de GraphQL de GitHub Discussions te permite obtener, crear, editar y borrar las publicaciones de debate. Para más información sobre GitHub Discussions, vea "‎Acerca de los debates".

Esta API se encuentra disponible para los usuarios autenticados, Apps de OAuth y GitHub Apps. Los tokens de acceso necesitan el ámbito repo para los repositorios privados y el ámbito public_repo para los repositorios públicos. Para más información, vea "Ámbitos para aplicaciones de OAuth".

Fields

Repository.discussions

Lista los debates dentro de un repositorio. Si se especifica categoryId, solo se devolverán los resultados de esa categoría.

Firma:

discussions(
  after: String,
  before: String,
  first: Int,
  last: Int,
  categoryId: ID = null,
  orderBy: DiscussionOrder = {field: UPDATED_AT, direction: DESC}
) : Discussion

DiscussionOrder

"""
Ways in which discussions can be ordered.
"""
input DiscussionOrder {
  """
  The field by which to order discussions.
  """
  field: DiscussionOrderField!

  """
  The direction in which to order discussions by the specified field.
  """
  direction: OrderDirection!
}
"""
Properties by which discussion connections can be ordered.
"""
enum DiscussionOrderField {
  """
  Order discussions by creation time.
  """
  CREATED_AT

  """
  Order discussions by most recent modification time.
  """
  UPDATED_AT
}

Repository.discussionCategories

Devuelve las categorías de debate disponibles que se definen dentro de este repositorio. Cada repositorio puede tener hasta 10 categorías. Para más información sobre las cateagorías de debate, vea "Acerca de los debates".

Firma:

discussionCategories(
  after: String,
  before: String,
  first: Int,
  last: Int,
) : DiscussionCategoryConnection!

Repository.discussion

Obtiene un debate. Devuelve null si no existe el debate con el identificador especificado.

Firma:

discussion(number: Int!) : Discussion

Repository.pinnedDiscussions

Devuelve los debates que se fijaron en este repositorio, ordenados por la posición en la que se fijaron.

Firma:

pinnedDiscussions(
  after: String,
  before: String,
  first: Int,
  last: Int,
) : PinnedDiscussionConnection!

Objetos

Nota: Por motivos de brevedad, aquí no se amplían los tipos de conexión. Cada tipo de conexión que se menciona en el modelo sigue el mismo patrón que otras conexiones en la API de GraphQL. Para más información, vea "Introducción a GraphQL".

query {
  repository(owner: "github", name: "some-repo") {
    discussions(first: 10) {
      # type: DiscussionConnection
      totalCount # Int!

      pageInfo {
        # type: PageInfo (from the public schema)
        startCursor
        endCursor
        hasNextPage
        hasPreviousPage
      }

      edges {
        # type: DiscussionEdge
        cursor
        node {
          # type: Discussion
          id
        }
      }

      nodes {
        # type: Discussion
        id
      }
    }
  }
}

Debate

Campos:
"""
A discussion in a repository.
"""
type Discussion implements Comment & Deletable & Lockable & Node & Reactable & RepositoryNode & Subscribable & Updatable {
  """
  Reason that the conversation was locked.
  """
  activeLockReason: LockReason

  """
  The comment chosen as this discussion's answer, if any.
  """
  answer: DiscussionComment

  """
  The time when a user chose this discussion's answer, if answered.
  """
  answerChosenAt: DateTime

  """
  The user who chose this discussion's answer, if answered.
  """
  answerChosenBy: Actor

  """
  The actor who authored the comment.
  """
  author: Actor

  """
  Author's association with the subject of the comment.
  """
  authorAssociation: CommentAuthorAssociation!

  """
  The main text of the discussion post.
  """
  body: String!

  """
  The body rendered to HTML.
  """
  bodyHTML: HTML!

  """
  The body rendered to text.
  """
  bodyText: String!

  """
  The category for this discussion.
  """
  category: DiscussionCategory!

  """
  The replies to the discussion.
  """
  comments(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int
  ): DiscussionCommentConnection!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was created.
  """
  createdAt: DateTime!

  """
  Check if this comment was created via an email reply.
  """
  createdViaEmail: Boolean!

  """
  Identifies the primary key from the database.
  """
  databaseId: Int

  """
  The actor who edited the comment.
  """
  editor: Actor
  id: ID!

  """
  Check if this comment was edited and includes an edit with the creation data
  """
  includesCreatedEdit: Boolean!

  """
  The moment the editor made the last edit
  """
  lastEditedAt: DateTime

  """
  `true` if the object is locked
  """
  locked: Boolean!

  """
  The number identifying this discussion within the repository.
  """
  number: Int!

  """
  Identifies when the comment was published at.
  """
  publishedAt: DateTime

  """
  A list of reactions grouped by content left on the subject.
  """
  reactionGroups: [ReactionGroup!]

  """
  A list of Reactions left on the Issue.
  """
  reactions(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Allows filtering Reactions by emoji.
    """
    content: ReactionContent

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int

    """
    Allows specifying the order in which reactions are returned.
    """
    orderBy: ReactionOrder
  ): ReactionConnection!

  """
  The repository associated with this node.
  """
  repository: Repository!

  """
  The path for this discussion.
  """
  resourcePath: URI!

  """
  The title of this discussion.
  """
  title: String!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was last updated.
  """
  updatedAt: DateTime!

  """
  The URL for this discussion.
  """
  url: URI!

  """
  A list of edits to this content.
  """
  userContentEdits(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int
  ): UserContentEditConnection

  """
  Check if the current viewer can delete this object.
  """
  viewerCanDelete: Boolean!

  """
  Can user react to this subject
  """
  viewerCanReact: Boolean!

  """
  Check if the viewer is able to change their subscription status for the repository.
  """
  viewerCanSubscribe: Boolean!

  """
  Check if the current viewer can update this object.
  """
  viewerCanUpdate: Boolean!

  """
  Did the viewer author this comment.
  """
  viewerDidAuthor: Boolean!

  """
  Identifies if the viewer is watching, not watching, or ignoring the subscribable entity.
  """
  viewerSubscription: SubscriptionState
}

DiscussionComment

Fields
"""
A comment on a discussion.
"""
type DiscussionComment implements Comment & Deletable & Minimizable & Node & Reactable & Updatable & UpdatableComment {
  """
  The actor who authored the comment.
  """
  author: Actor

  """
  Author's association with the subject of the comment.
  """
  authorAssociation: CommentAuthorAssociation!

  """
  The body as Markdown.
  """
  body: String!

  """
  The body rendered to HTML.
  """
  bodyHTML: HTML!

  """
  The body rendered to text.
  """
  bodyText: String!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was created.
  """
  createdAt: DateTime!

  """
  Check if this comment was created via an email reply.
  """
  createdViaEmail: Boolean!

  """
  Identifies the primary key from the database.
  """
  databaseId: Int

  """
  The time when this replied-to comment was deleted
  """
  deletedAt: DateTime

  """
  The discussion this comment was created in
  """
  discussion: Discussion

  """
  The actor who edited the comment.
  """
  editor: Actor
  id: ID!

  """
  Check if this comment was edited and includes an edit with the creation data
  """
  includesCreatedEdit: Boolean!

  """
  Has this comment been chosen as the answer of its discussion?
  """
  isAnswer: Boolean!

  """
  Returns whether or not a comment has been minimized.
  """
  isMinimized: Boolean!

  """
  The moment the editor made the last edit
  """
  lastEditedAt: DateTime

  """
  Returns why the comment was minimized.
  """
  minimizedReason: String

  """
  Identifies when the comment was published at.
  """
  publishedAt: DateTime

  """
  A list of reactions grouped by content left on the subject.
  """
  reactionGroups: [ReactionGroup!]

  """
  A list of Reactions left on the Issue.
  """
  reactions(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Allows filtering Reactions by emoji.
    """
    content: ReactionContent

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int

    """
    Allows specifying the order in which reactions are returned.
    """
    orderBy: ReactionOrder
  ): ReactionConnection!

  """
  The threaded replies to this comment.
  """
  replies(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int
  ): DiscussionCommentConnection!

  """
  The discussion comment this comment is a reply to
  """
  replyTo: DiscussionComment

  """
  The path for this discussion comment.
  """
  resourcePath: URI!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was last updated.
  """
  updatedAt: DateTime!

  """
  The URL for this discussion comment.
  """
  url: URI!

  """
  A list of edits to this content.
  """
  userContentEdits(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int
  ): UserContentEditConnection

  """
  Check if the current viewer can delete this object.
  """
  viewerCanDelete: Boolean!

  """
  Can the current user mark this comment as an answer?
  """
  viewerCanMarkAsAnswer: Boolean!

  """
  Check if the current viewer can minimize this object.
  """
  viewerCanMinimize: Boolean!

  """
  Can user react to this subject
  """
  viewerCanReact: Boolean!

  """
  Can the current user unmark this comment as an answer?
  """
  viewerCanUnmarkAsAnswer: Boolean!

  """
  Check if the current viewer can update this object.
  """
  viewerCanUpdate: Boolean!

  """
  Reasons why the current viewer can not update this comment.
  """
  viewerCannotUpdateReasons: [CommentCannotUpdateReason!]!

  """
  Did the viewer author this comment.
  """
  viewerDidAuthor: Boolean!
}

DiscussionCategory

Fields
"""
A category for discussions in a repository.
"""
type DiscussionCategory implements Node & RepositoryNode {
  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was created.
  """
  createdAt: DateTime!

  """
  A description of this category.
  """
  description: String

  """
  An emoji representing this category.
  """
  emoji: String!

  """
  This category's emoji rendered as HTML.
  """
  emojiHTML: HTML!
  id: ID!

  """
  Whether or not discussions in this category support choosing an answer with the markDiscussionCommentAsAnswer mutation.
  """
  isAnswerable: Boolean!

  """
  The name of this category.
  """
  name: String!

  """
  The repository associated with this node.
  """
  repository: Repository!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was last updated.
  """
  updatedAt: DateTime!
}

PinnedDiscussion

Campos:
"""
A Pinned discussion is a discussion pinned to a repository's index page.
"""
type PinnedDiscussion implements Node & RepositoryNode {
  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was created.
  """
  createdAt: DateTime!

  """
  Identifies the primary key from the database.
  """
  databaseId: Int

  """
  The discussion that was pinned.
  """
  discussion: Discussion!

  """
  Color stops of the chosen gradient
  """
  gradientStopColors: [String!]!
  id: ID!

  """
  Background texture pattern
  """
  pattern: PinnedDiscussionPattern!

  """
  The actor that pinned this discussion.
  """
  pinnedBy: Actor!

  """
  Preconfigured background gradient option
  """
  preconfiguredGradient: PinnedDiscussionGradient

  """
  The repository associated with this node.
  """
  repository: Repository!

  """
  Identifies the date and time when the object was last updated.
  """
  updatedAt: DateTime!
}

PinnedDiscussionPattern

Valores
"""
Preconfigured background patterns that may be used to style discussions pinned within a repository.
"""
enum PinnedDiscussionPattern {
  """
  An upward-facing chevron pattern
  """
  CHEVRON_UP

  """
  A hollow dot pattern
  """
  DOT

  """
  A solid dot pattern
  """
  DOT_FILL

  """
  A heart pattern
  """
  HEART_FILL

  """
  A friendly octocat face pattern
  """
  OCTOFACE

  """
  A plus sign pattern
  """
  PLUS
}

PinnedDiscussionGradient

Valores
"""
Preconfigured gradients that may be used to style discussions pinned within a repository.
"""
enum PinnedDiscussionGradient {
  """
  A gradient of blue to mint
  """
  BLUE_MINT

  """
  A gradient of blue to purple
  """
  BLUE_PURPLE

  """
  A gradient of pink to blue
  """
  PINK_BLUE

  """
  A gradient of purple to coral
  """
  PURPLE_CORAL

  """
  A gradient of red to orange
  """
  RED_ORANGE
}

Interfaces

RepositoryDiscussionAuthor

Implementado por los tipos User y Organization. Nota: Un objeto Organization solo tendrá debates asociados si se ha convertido desde un elemento User.

Fields
"""
Represents an author of discussions in repositories.
"""
interface RepositoryDiscussionAuthor {
  """
  Discussions this user has started.
  """
  repositoryDiscussions(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Filter discussions to only those that have been answered or not. Defaults to
    including both answered and unanswered discussions.
    """
    answered: Boolean = null

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int

    """
    Ordering options for discussions returned from the connection.
    """
    orderBy: DiscussionOrder = {field: CREATED_AT, direction: DESC}

    """
    Filter discussions to only those in a specific repository.
    """
    repositoryId: ID
  ): DiscussionConnection!
}

RepositoryDiscussionCommentAuthor

También implementado por los tipos User y Organization.

Fields
"""
Represents an author of discussion comments in repositories.
"""
interface RepositoryDiscussionCommentAuthor {
  """
  Discussion comments this user has authored.
  """
  repositoryDiscussionComments(
    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come after the specified cursor.
    """
    after: String

    """
    Returns the elements in the list that come before the specified cursor.
    """
    before: String

    """
    Returns the first _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    first: Int

    """
    Returns the last _n_ elements from the list.
    """
    last: Int

    """
    Filter discussion comments to only those that were marked as the answer
    """
    onlyAnswers: Boolean = false

    """
    Filter discussion comments to only those in a specific repository.
    """
    repositoryId: ID
  ): DiscussionCommentConnection!
}

Mutaciones

Estas mutaciones siguen el mismo patrón de implementación que otras en la API de GraphQL. Cada mutación acepta un único argumento de un tipo Input, que tiene el nombre de la mutación, y devuelve un tipo Payload que contiene los campos especificados.

Por ejemplo, la siguiente es una mutación createDiscussion básica que creará un debate:

mutation {
  # input type: CreateDiscussionInput
  createDiscussion(input: {repositoryId: "1234", categoryId: "5678", body: "The body", title: "The title"}) {

    # response type: CreateDiscussionPayload
    discussion {
      id
    }
  }
}

createDiscussion

Campos de entrada:

  • body: String! Cuerpo del nuevo debate.
  • title: String! Título del nuevo debate.
  • repositoryId: ID! Identificador de un repositorio en el que se va a crear el debate.
  • categoryId: ID! Identificador de un elemento DiscussionCategory dentro de este repositorio.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • discussion: Discussion Debate que se ha creado.

updateDiscussion

Campos de entrada:

  • discussionId: ID! Identificador de nodo del debate que se va a actualizar.
  • body: String Nuevo contenido del cuerpo del debate.
  • title: String Título del nuevo debate.
  • categoryId: ID Identificador de nodo de un elemento DiscussionCategory dentro del mismo repositorio al que se va a cambiar este debate.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • discussion: Discussion Debate que se ha modificado.

deleteDiscussion

Campos de entrada:

  • id: ID! Identificador de nodo del debate que se va a eliminar.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • discussion: Discussion Debate que se ha eliminado.

addDiscussionComment

Campos de entrada:

  • body: String! Contenido del comentario.
  • discussionId: ID! Identificador de nodo del debate que se va a comentar.
  • replyToId: ID Identificador de nodo del comentario de debate al que se va a responder. Si se encuentra ausente, el comentario que se crea será un comentario de nivel superior.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • comment: DiscussionComment Comentario de debate que se ha creado.

updateDiscussionComment

Campos de entrada:

  • body: String! Nuevo contenido del cuerpo del comentario.
  • commentId: ID! Identificador de nodo del comentario de debate que se va a actualizar.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • comment: DiscussionComment Comentario de debate que se que actualizado.

deleteDiscussionComment

Campos de entrada:

  • id: ID! Identificador de nodo del comentario de debate que se va a eliminar.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • comment: DiscussionComment Comentario de debate que se que eliminado.

markDiscussionCommentAsAnswer

Campos de entrada:

  • id: ID! Identificador de nodo del comentario de debate que se va a marcar como respuesta.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • discussion: Discussion Debate que incluye el comentario elegido.

unmarkDiscussionCommentAsAnswer

Campos de entrada:

  • id: ID! Identificador de nodo del comentario de debate que se va a desmarcar como respuesta.
  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único para el cliente que realiza la mutación.

Campos de tipo de retorno:

  • clientMutationId: String Identificador único proporcionado como entrada.
  • discussion: Discussion Debate que incluye el comentario sin marcar.

El debate se puede devolver desde el campo search de nivel superior. Para buscar un debate, especifique type como DISCUSSION. El tipo SearchResultItemConnection tiene un campo discussionCount para notificar el número de debates devueltos y el tipo Discussion se agrega a la unión SearchResultItem. Para más información, vea "Consultas" y "Búsqueda de debates".