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Configuring advanced setup for code scanning

You can configure advanced setup for a repository to find security vulnerabilities in your code using a highly customizable code scanning configuration.

Who can use this feature?

People with admin permissions to a repository, or the security manager role for the repository, can configure code scanning for that repository. People with write permissions to a repository can also configure code scanning, but only by creating a workflow file or manually uploading a SARIF file.

Code scanning is available for organization-owned repositories in GitHub Enterprise Server. This feature requires a license for GitHub Advanced Security. For more information, see "About GitHub Advanced Security."

Note: Your site administrator must enable code scanning for your GitHub Enterprise Server instance before you can use this feature. If you want to use GitHub Actions to scan your code, the site administrator must also enable GitHub Actions and set up the infrastructure required. For more information, see "Configuring code scanning for your appliance."

About advanced setup for code scanning

Advanced setup for code scanning is helpful when you need more granular control over your code scanning configuration. By creating and editing a CodeQL workflow file, you can change the scan schedule, scan any CodeQL-supported language, use a matrix build, and more.

You can also configure code scanning with third-party tools. For more information, see "Configuring code scanning using third-party actions."

If you run code scanning using multiple configurations, the same alert will sometimes be generated by more than one configuration. If an alert comes from multiple configurations, you can view the status of the alert for each configuration on the alert page. For more information, see "About code scanning alerts."

Note: This article describes the features available with the version of the CodeQL action and associated CodeQL CLI bundle included in the initial release of this version of GitHub Enterprise Server. If your enterprise uses a more recent version of the CodeQL action, see the GitHub Enterprise Cloud version of this article for information on the latest features. For information on using the latest version, see "Configuring code scanning for your appliance."

If you do not need a highly customizable code scanning configuration, consider using default setup for code scanning. For more information on eligibility for default setup, see "Configuring default setup for code scanning."

Prerequisites

Your repository is eligible for advanced setup if:

  • it uses CodeQL-supported languages or you plan to generate code scanning results with a third-party tool.
  • GitHub Actions are enabled.
  • GitHub Advanced Security is enabled.

If the server on which you are running GitHub Enterprise Server is not connected to the internet, your site administrator can enable CodeQL code scanning by making the CodeQL analysis bundle available on the server. For more information, see "Configuring code scanning for your appliance."

Configuring advanced setup for a repository

Advanced setup for code scanning is helpful when you need to customize your code scanning. By creating and editing a workflow file, you can choose which queries to run, change the scan schedule, select the languages to scan, use a matrix build, and more.

Configuring advanced setup for code scanning with CodeQL

You can customize your code scanning by creating and editing a workflow file. Selecting advanced setup generates a basic workflow file for you to customize.

  1. On your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Under your repository name, click Settings. If you cannot see the "Settings" tab, select the dropdown menu, then click Settings.

    Screenshot of a repository header showing the tabs. The "Settings" tab is highlighted by a dark orange outline.

  3. In the "Security" section of the sidebar, click Code security and analysis.

  4. Scroll down to the "Code scanning" section, select Set up , then click Advanced.

    Note: If you are switching from default setup to advanced setup, in the "Code scanning" section, select , then click Switch to advanced. In the pop-up window that appears, click Disable CodeQL.

    Screenshot of the "Code scanning" section of "Code security and analysis" settings. The "Advanced setup" button is highlighted with an orange outline.

  5. To customize how code scanning scans your code, edit the workflow.

    Generally, you can commit the CodeQL analysis workflow without making any changes to it. However, many of the third-party workflows require additional configuration, so read the comments in the workflow before committing.

    For more information, see "Customizing your advanced setup for code scanning" and "CodeQL code scanning for compiled languages."

  6. Click Commit changes... to display the commit changes form.

    Screenshot of the form to create a new file. To the right of the file name, a green button, labeled "Commit changes...", is outlined in dark orange.

  7. In the commit message field, type a commit message.

  8. Choose whether you'd like to commit directly to the default branch, or create a new branch and start a pull request.

  9. Click Commit new file to commit the workflow file to the default branch or click Propose new file to commit the file to a new branch.

  10. If you created a new branch, click Create pull request and open a pull request to merge your change into the default branch.

In the suggested CodeQL analysis workflow, code scanning is configured to analyze your code each time you either push a change to the default branch or any protected branches, or raise a pull request against the default branch. As a result, code scanning will now commence.

The on:pull_request and on:push triggers for code scanning are each useful for different purposes. For more information, see "Customizing your advanced setup for code scanning."

For information on bulk enablement, see "Configuring advanced setup for code scanning with CodeQL at scale."

Next steps

After configuring code scanning, and allowing its actions to complete, you can: