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Die REST-API verfügt jetzt über eine Versionskontrolle. Weitere Informationen findest du unter Informationen zur API-Versionsverwaltung.

REST-API-Endpunkte für Commits

Verwende die REST-API, um mit Commits zu interagieren.

List commits

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Parameter für „List commits“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Abfrageparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
sha string

SHA or branch to start listing commits from. Default: the repository’s default branch (usually main).

path string

Only commits containing this file path will be returned.

author string

GitHub username or email address to use to filter by commit author.

committer string

GitHub username or email address to use to filter by commit committer.

since string

Only show results that were last updated after the given time. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

until string

Only commits before this date will be returned. This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 1

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „List commits“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

400

Bad Request

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

500

Internal Error

Codebeispiele für „List commits“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/comments", "commit": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "author": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "support@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "committer": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "support@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "message": "Fix all the bugs", "tree": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tree/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" }, "comment_count": 0, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }, "author": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "committer": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" } ] } ]

List branches for HEAD commit

Protected branches are available in public repositories with GitHub Free and GitHub Free for organizations, and in public and private repositories with GitHub Pro, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, and GitHub Enterprise Server. For more information, see GitHub's products in the GitHub Help documentation.

Returns all branches where the given commit SHA is the HEAD, or latest commit for the branch.

Parameter für „List branches for HEAD commit“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

commit_sha string Erforderlich

The SHA of the commit.

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „List branches for HEAD commit“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „List branches for HEAD commit“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{commit_sha}/branches-where-head
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/COMMIT_SHA/branches-where-head

Response

Status: 200
[ { "name": "branch_5", "commit": { "sha": "c5b97d5ae6c19d5c5df71a34c7fbeeda2479ccbc", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/c5b97d5ae6c19d5c5df71a34c7fbeeda2479ccbc" }, "protected": false } ]

List pull requests associated with a commit

Lists the merged pull request that introduced the commit to the repository. If the commit is not present in the default branch, will only return open pull requests associated with the commit.

To list the open or merged pull requests associated with a branch, you can set the commit_sha parameter to the branch name.

Parameter für „List pull requests associated with a commit“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

commit_sha string Erforderlich

The SHA of the commit.

Abfrageparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 1

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „List pull requests associated with a commit“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

409

Conflict

Codebeispiele für „List pull requests associated with a commit“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{commit_sha}/pulls
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/COMMIT_SHA/pulls

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDExOlB1bGxSZXF1ZXN0MQ==", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/pull/1347", "diff_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/pull/1347.diff", "patch_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/pull/1347.patch", "issue_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/1347", "commits_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347/commits", "review_comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347/comments", "review_comment_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/comments{/number}", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/1347/comments", "statuses_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "number": 1347, "state": "open", "locked": true, "title": "Amazing new feature", "user": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "body": "Please pull these awesome changes in!", "labels": [ { "id": 208045946, "node_id": "MDU6TGFiZWwyMDgwNDU5NDY=", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels/bug", "name": "bug", "description": "Something isn't working", "color": "f29513", "default": true } ], "milestone": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones/1", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/milestones/v1.0", "labels_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones/1/labels", "id": 1002604, "node_id": "MDk6TWlsZXN0b25lMTAwMjYwNA==", "number": 1, "state": "open", "title": "v1.0", "description": "Tracking milestone for version 1.0", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "open_issues": 4, "closed_issues": 8, "created_at": "2011-04-10T20:09:31Z", "updated_at": "2014-03-03T18:58:10Z", "closed_at": "2013-02-12T13:22:01Z", "due_on": "2012-10-09T23:39:01Z" }, "active_lock_reason": "too heated", "created_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "updated_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "closed_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "merged_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "merge_commit_sha": "e5bd3914e2e596debea16f433f57875b5b90bcd6", "assignee": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "assignees": [ { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, { "login": "hubot", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/hubot_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot", "html_url": "https://github.com/hubot", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/hubot/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": true } ], "requested_reviewers": [ { "login": "other_user", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/other_user_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user", "html_url": "https://github.com/other_user", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/other_user/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false } ], "requested_teams": [ { "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VGVhbTE=", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/teams/1", "html_url": "https://github.com/orgs/github/teams/justice-league", "name": "Justice League", "slug": "justice-league", "description": "A great team.", "privacy": "closed", "permission": "admin", "members_url": "https://HOSTNAME/teams/1/members{/member}", "repositories_url": "https://HOSTNAME/teams/1/repos", "parent": null } ], "head": { "label": "octocat:new-topic", "ref": "new-topic", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "user": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "repo": { "id": 1296269, "node_id": "MDEwOlJlcG9zaXRvcnkxMjk2MjY5", "name": "Hello-World", "full_name": "octocat/Hello-World", "owner": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "private": false, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "description": "This your first repo!", "fork": false, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World", "archive_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/{archive_format}{/ref}", "assignees_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/assignees{/user}", "blobs_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs{/sha}", "branches_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches{/branch}", "collaborators_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/collaborators{/collaborator}", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/comments{/number}", "commits_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits{/sha}", "compare_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/{base}...{head}", "contents_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/{+path}", "contributors_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contributors", "deployments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/deployments", "downloads_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/downloads", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/events", "forks_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/forks", "git_commits_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits{/sha}", "git_refs_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs{/sha}", "git_tags_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags{/sha}", "git_url": "git:github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "issue_comment_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/comments{/number}", "issue_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/events{/number}", "issues_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues{/number}", "keys_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/keys{/key_id}", "labels_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels{/name}", "languages_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/languages", "merges_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/merges", "milestones_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones{/number}", "notifications_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/notifications{?since,all,participating}", "pulls_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls{/number}", "releases_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/releases{/id}", "ssh_url": "git@github.com:octocat/Hello-World.git", "stargazers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/stargazers", "statuses_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/{sha}", "subscribers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscribers", "subscription_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscription", "tags_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tags", "teams_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/teams", "trees_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees{/sha}", "clone_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "mirror_url": "git:git.example.com/octocat/Hello-World", "hooks_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks", "svn_url": "https://svn.github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "homepage": "https://github.com", "language": null, "forks_count": 9, "stargazers_count": 80, "watchers_count": 80, "size": 108, "default_branch": "master", "open_issues_count": 0, "is_template": true, "topics": [ "octocat", "atom", "electron", "api" ], "has_issues": true, "has_projects": true, "has_wiki": true, "has_pages": false, "has_downloads": true, "archived": false, "disabled": false, "visibility": "public", "pushed_at": "2011-01-26T19:06:43Z", "created_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "updated_at": "2011-01-26T19:14:43Z", "permissions": { "admin": false, "push": false, "pull": true }, "allow_rebase_merge": true, "template_repository": null, "temp_clone_token": "ABTLWHOULUVAXGTRYU7OC2876QJ2O", "allow_squash_merge": true, "allow_auto_merge": false, "delete_branch_on_merge": true, "allow_merge_commit": true, "subscribers_count": 42, "network_count": 0, "license": { "key": "mit", "name": "MIT License", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/licenses/mit", "spdx_id": "MIT", "node_id": "MDc6TGljZW5zZW1pdA==", "html_url": "https://github.com/licenses/mit" }, "forks": 1, "open_issues": 1, "watchers": 1 } }, "base": { "label": "octocat:master", "ref": "master", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "user": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "repo": { "id": 1296269, "node_id": "MDEwOlJlcG9zaXRvcnkxMjk2MjY5", "name": "Hello-World", "full_name": "octocat/Hello-World", "owner": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "private": false, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "description": "This your first repo!", "fork": false, "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World", "archive_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/{archive_format}{/ref}", "assignees_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/assignees{/user}", "blobs_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs{/sha}", "branches_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/branches{/branch}", "collaborators_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/collaborators{/collaborator}", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/comments{/number}", "commits_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits{/sha}", "compare_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/{base}...{head}", "contents_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contents/{+path}", "contributors_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/contributors", "deployments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/deployments", "downloads_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/downloads", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/events", "forks_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/forks", "git_commits_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits{/sha}", "git_refs_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs{/sha}", "git_tags_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/tags{/sha}", "git_url": "git:github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "issue_comment_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/comments{/number}", "issue_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/events{/number}", "issues_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues{/number}", "keys_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/keys{/key_id}", "labels_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/labels{/name}", "languages_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/languages", "merges_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/merges", "milestones_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/milestones{/number}", "notifications_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/notifications{?since,all,participating}", "pulls_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls{/number}", "releases_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/releases{/id}", "ssh_url": "git@github.com:octocat/Hello-World.git", "stargazers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/stargazers", "statuses_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/{sha}", "subscribers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscribers", "subscription_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/subscription", "tags_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tags", "teams_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/teams", "trees_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees{/sha}", "clone_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World.git", "mirror_url": "git:git.example.com/octocat/Hello-World", "hooks_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/hooks", "svn_url": "https://svn.github.com/octocat/Hello-World", "homepage": "https://github.com", "language": null, "forks_count": 9, "stargazers_count": 80, "watchers_count": 80, "size": 108, "default_branch": "master", "open_issues_count": 0, "is_template": true, "topics": [ "octocat", "atom", "electron", "api" ], "has_issues": true, "has_projects": true, "has_wiki": true, "has_pages": false, "has_downloads": true, "archived": false, "disabled": false, "visibility": "public", "pushed_at": "2011-01-26T19:06:43Z", "created_at": "2011-01-26T19:01:12Z", "updated_at": "2011-01-26T19:14:43Z", "permissions": { "admin": false, "push": false, "pull": true }, "allow_rebase_merge": true, "template_repository": null, "temp_clone_token": "ABTLWHOULUVAXGTRYU7OC2876QJ2O", "allow_squash_merge": true, "allow_auto_merge": false, "delete_branch_on_merge": true, "allow_merge_commit": true, "subscribers_count": 42, "network_count": 0, "license": { "key": "mit", "name": "MIT License", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/licenses/mit", "spdx_id": "MIT", "node_id": "MDc6TGljZW5zZW1pdA==", "html_url": "https://github.com/licenses/mit" }, "forks": 1, "open_issues": 1, "watchers": 1 } }, "_links": { "self": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347" }, "html": { "href": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/pull/1347" }, "issue": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/1347" }, "comments": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/issues/1347/comments" }, "review_comments": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347/comments" }, "review_comment": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/comments{/number}" }, "commits": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/pulls/1347/commits" }, "statuses": { "href": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/statuses/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" } }, "author_association": "OWNER", "auto_merge": null, "draft": false } ]

Get a commit

Returns the contents of a single commit reference. You must have read access for the repository to use this endpoint.

Note: If there are more than 300 files in the commit diff and the default JSON media type is requested, the response will include pagination link headers for the remaining files, up to a limit of 3000 files. Each page contains the static commit information, and the only changes are to the file listing.

This endpoint supports the following custom media types. For more information, see "Media types." Pagination query parameters are not supported for these media types.

  • application/vnd.github.diff: Returns the diff of the commit. Larger diffs may time out and return a 5xx status code.
  • application/vnd.github.patch: Returns the patch of the commit. Diffs with binary data will have no patch property. Larger diffs may time out and return a 5xx status code.
  • application/vnd.github.sha: Returns the commit's SHA-1 hash. You can use this endpoint to check if a remote reference's SHA-1 hash is the same as your local reference's SHA-1 hash by providing the local SHA-1 reference as the ETag.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Parameter für „Get a commit“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Erforderlich

The commit reference. Can be a commit SHA, branch name (heads/BRANCH_NAME), or tag name (tags/TAG_NAME). For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Abfrageparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 1

per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 30

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Get a commit“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

500

Internal Error

503

Service unavailable

Codebeispiele für „Get a commit“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/commits/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/commits/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/comments", "commit": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "author": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "mona@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "committer": { "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "mona@github.com", "date": "2011-04-14T16:00:49Z" }, "message": "Fix all the bugs", "tree": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/tree/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" }, "comment_count": 0, "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }, "author": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "committer": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://HOSTNAME/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e" } ], "stats": { "additions": 104, "deletions": 4, "total": 108 }, "files": [ { "filename": "file1.txt", "additions": 10, "deletions": 2, "changes": 12, "status": "modified", "raw_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/raw/7ca483543807a51b6079e54ac4cc392bc29ae284/file1.txt", "blob_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/blob/7ca483543807a51b6079e54ac4cc392bc29ae284/file1.txt", "patch": "@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@\n....." } ] }

Compare two commits

Compares two commits against one another. You can compare refs (branches or tags) and commit SHAs in the same repository, or you can compare refs and commit SHAs that exist in different repositories within the same repository network, including fork branches. For more information about how to view a repository's network, see "Understanding connections between repositories."

This endpoint is equivalent to running the git log BASE..HEAD command, but it returns commits in a different order. The git log BASE..HEAD command returns commits in reverse chronological order, whereas the API returns commits in chronological order.

This endpoint supports the following custom media types. For more information, see "Media types."

  • application/vnd.github.diff: Returns the diff of the commit.
  • application/vnd.github.patch: Returns the patch of the commit. Diffs with binary data will have no patch property.

The API response includes details about the files that were changed between the two commits. This includes the status of the change (if a file was added, removed, modified, or renamed), and details of the change itself. For example, files with a renamed status have a previous_filename field showing the previous filename of the file, and files with a modified status have a patch field showing the changes made to the file.

When calling this endpoint without any paging parameter (per_page or page), the returned list is limited to 250 commits, and the last commit in the list is the most recent of the entire comparison.

Working with large comparisons

To process a response with a large number of commits, use a query parameter (per_page or page) to paginate the results. When using pagination:

  • The list of changed files is only shown on the first page of results, but it includes all changed files for the entire comparison.
  • The results are returned in chronological order, but the last commit in the returned list may not be the most recent one in the entire set if there are more pages of results.

For more information on working with pagination, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The verification object includes the following fields:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Parameter für „Compare two commits“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

basehead string Erforderlich

The base branch and head branch to compare. This parameter expects the format BASE...HEAD. Both must be branch names in repo. To compare with a branch that exists in a different repository in the same network as repo, the basehead parameter expects the format USERNAME:BASE...USERNAME:HEAD.

Abfrageparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 1

per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Standard: 30

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Compare two commits“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

500

Internal Error

503

Service unavailable

Codebeispiele für „Compare two commits“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/compare/{basehead}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/compare/BASEHEAD

Response

Status: 200
{ "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/compare/master...topic", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/compare/master...topic", "permalink_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/compare/octocat:bbcd538c8e72b8c175046e27cc8f907076331401...octocat:0328041d1152db8ae77652d1618a02e57f745f17", "diff_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/compare/master...topic.diff", "patch_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/compare/master...topic.patch", "base_commit": { "url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "sha": "6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e", "comments_url": "https://HOSTNAME/repos/octocat/Hello-World/commits/6dcb09b5b57875f334f61aebed695e2e4193db5e/comments", "commit": { "url": 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