注： GitHub 托管的运行器目前在 GitHub Enterprise Server 上不受支持。 您可以在 GitHub 公共路线图 上查看有关未来支持计划的更多信息。
GitHub Actions workflows can use actions, which are individual tasks that you can combine to create jobs and customize your workflow. You can create your own actions, or use and customize actions shared by the GitHub community.
GitHub Actions on GitHub Enterprise Server is designed to work in environments without full internet access. By default, workflows cannot use actions from GitHub.com and GitHub Marketplace. You can restrict your developers to using actions that are stored on 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例, which includes most official GitHub-authored actions, as well as any actions your developers create. Alternatively, to allow your developers to benefit from the full ecosystem of actions built by industry leaders and the open source community, you can configure access to other actions from GitHub.com.
We recommend allowing automatic access to all actions from GitHub.com. However, this does require GitHub Enterprise Server to make outbound connections to GitHub.com. If you don't want to allow these connections, or you want to have greater control over which actions are used on your enterprise, you can manually sync specific actions from GitHub.com.
大多数官方 GitHub 编写的操作都会自动与 GitHub Enterprise Server 捆绑在一起，并且会在某个时间点从 GitHub Marketplace 获取。
The bundled official actions include the following, among others.
To see all the official actions included on your enterprise instance, browse to the
actions organization on your instance:
There is no connection required between 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 and GitHub.com to use these actions.
Each action is a repository in the
actions organization, and each action repository includes the necessary tags, branches, and commit SHAs that your workflows can use to reference the action. For information on how to update the bundled official actions, see "Using the latest version of the official bundled actions."
- When using setup actions (such as
actions/setup-LANGUAGE) on GitHub Enterprise Server with self-hosted runners, you might need to set up the tools cache on runners that do not have internet access. For more information, see "Setting up the tool cache on self-hosted runners without internet access."
- When GitHub Enterprise Server is updated, bundled actions are automatically replaced with default versions in the upgrade package.
如果企业中的用户需要访问来自 GitHub.com 或 GitHub Marketplace 的其他操作，有几个配置选项。
The recommended approach is to enable automatic access to all actions from GitHub.com. You can do this by using GitHub Connect to integrate GitHub Enterprise Server with GitHub Enterprise Cloud. For more information, see "Enabling automatic access to GitHub.com actions using GitHub Connect".
Note: Before you can configure access to actions on GitHub.com, you must configure 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 to use GitHub Actions. For more information, see "Getting started with GitHub Actions for GitHub Enterprise Server."
To use actions from GitHub.com, both 您的 GitHub Enterprise Server 实例 and your self-hosted runners must be able to make outbound connections to GitHub.com. No inbound connections from GitHub.com are required. For more information. 更多信息请参阅“关于自托管的运行器”。
在启用 GitHub Connect 后，您可以使用策略限制哪些公共操作可用于您企业的仓库中。 更多信息请参阅“为企业执行 GitHub Actions 策略”。
Alternatively, if you want stricter control over which actions are allowed in your enterprise, or you do not want to allow outbound connections to GitHub.com, you can manually download and sync actions onto your enterprise instance using the
actions-sync tool. For more information, see "Manually syncing actions from GitHub.com."