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OAuth 授权

通过 OAuth 授权,您可以管理 OAuth 应用程序对您的帐户的访问权限。

关于 OAuth 授权 API

您可以使用此 API 来管理 OAuth 应用程序对您帐户的访问权限。 您只能使用您的用户名和密码(而不是令牌),通过基本身份验证访问此 API。

如果您或您的用户启用了双重身份验证,请务必了解如何使用双重身份验证

List your grants

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

You can use this API to list the set of OAuth applications that have been granted access to your account. Unlike the list your authorizations API, this API does not manage individual tokens. This API will return one entry for each OAuth application that has been granted access to your account, regardless of the number of tokens an application has generated for your user. The list of OAuth applications returned matches what is shown on the application authorizations settings screen within GitHub. The scopes returned are the union of scopes authorized for the application. For example, if an application has one token with repo scope and another token with user scope, the grant will return ["repo", "user"].

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 描述
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认值: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认值: 1

client_idstring

The client ID of your GitHub app.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/applications/grants
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/applications/grants

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/applications/grants/1", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ] } ]

Get a single grant

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
grant_idinteger必选

The unique identifier of the grant.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

代码示例

get/applications/grants/{grant_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/applications/grants/GRANT_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/applications/grants/1", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ] }

Delete a grant

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Deleting an OAuth application's grant will also delete all OAuth tokens associated with the application for your user. Once deleted, the application has no access to your account and is no longer listed on the application authorizations settings screen within GitHub.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
grant_idinteger必选

The unique identifier of the grant.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
204

No Content

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

代码示例

delete/applications/grants/{grant_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/applications/grants/GRANT_ID

Response

Status: 204

List your authorizations

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

查询参数
名称, 类型, 描述
per_pageinteger

The number of results per page (max 100).

默认值: 30

pageinteger

Page number of the results to fetch.

默认值: 1

client_idstring

The client ID of your GitHub app.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

代码示例

get/authorizations
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations

Response

Status: 200
[ { "id": 2, "url": "https://enterprise.octocat.com/api/v3/authorizations/2", "app": { "name": "My personal access token", "url": "https://docs.github.com/enterprise/rest/reference/enterprise-admin#list-personal-access-tokens", "client_id": "00000000000000000000" }, "token": "ghp_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "23cffb2fab1b0a62747863eba88cb9327e561f2f7a0c8661c0d9b83146cb8d45", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "note": "My personal access token", "note_url": null, "created_at": "2019-04-24T21:49:02Z", "updated_at": "2019-04-24T21:49:02Z", "scopes": [ "admin:business", "admin:gpg_key", "admin:org", "admin:org_hook", "admin:pre_receive_hook", "admin:public_key", "admin:repo_hook", "delete_repo", "gist", "notifications", "repo", "user", "write:discussion" ], "fingerprint": null } ]

Create a new authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

Creates OAuth tokens using Basic Authentication. If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

To create tokens for a particular OAuth application using this endpoint, you must authenticate as the user you want to create an authorization for and provide the app's client ID and secret, found on your OAuth application's settings page. If your OAuth application intends to create multiple tokens for one user, use fingerprint to differentiate between them.

You can also create tokens on GitHub Enterprise Server from the personal access tokens settings page. Read more about these tokens in the GitHub Help documentation.

Organizations that enforce SAML SSO require personal access tokens to be allowed. Read more about allowing tokens in the GitHub Help documentation.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
scopesarray of strings or null

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

notestring

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_urlstring

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

client_idstring

The OAuth app client key for which to create the token.

client_secretstring

The OAuth app client secret for which to create the token.

fingerprintstring

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
201

Created

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

410

Gone

422

Validation failed

代码示例

post/authorizations
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations

Response

Status: 201
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ], "token": "ghu_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "note": "optional note", "note_url": "http://optional/note/url", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "expires_at": "2011-10-06T17:26:27Z", "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678" }

Get-or-create an authorization for a specific app

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

Creates a new authorization for the specified OAuth application, only if an authorization for that application doesn't already exist for the user. The URL includes the 20 character client ID for the OAuth app that is requesting the token. It returns the user's existing authorization for the application if one is present. Otherwise, it creates and returns a new one.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
client_idstring必选

The client ID of the GitHub app.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
client_secretstring必选

The OAuth app client secret for which to create the token.

scopesarray of strings or null

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

notestring

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_urlstring

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

fingerprintstring

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

if returning an existing token

201

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

422

Validation failed

代码示例

put/authorizations/clients/{client_id}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations/clients/Iv1.8a61f9b3a7aba766

if returning an existing token

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ], "token": "ghu_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "note": "optional note", "note_url": "http://optional/note/url", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "expires_at": "2011-10-06T17:26:27Z", "fingerprint": "" }

Get-or-create an authorization for a specific app and fingerprint

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub Enterprise Server SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

This method will create a new authorization for the specified OAuth application, only if an authorization for that application and fingerprint do not already exist for the user. The URL includes the 20 character client ID for the OAuth app that is requesting the token. fingerprint is a unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user. It returns the user's existing authorization for the application if one is present. Otherwise, it creates and returns a new one.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
client_idstring必选

The client ID of the GitHub app.

fingerprintstring必选
正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
client_secretstring必选

The OAuth app client secret for which to create the token.

scopesarray of strings or null

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

notestring

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_urlstring

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

if returning an existing token

201

Response if returning a new token

422

Validation failed

代码示例

put/authorizations/clients/{client_id}/{fingerprint}
curl \ -X PUT \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations/clients/Iv1.8a61f9b3a7aba766/FINGERPRINT

if returning an existing token

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ], "token": "ghu_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "note": "optional note", "note_url": "http://optional/note/url", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "expires_at": "2011-10-06T17:26:27Z", "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678" }

Get a single authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
authorization_idinteger必选

The unique identifier of the authorization.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

代码示例

get/authorizations/{authorization_id}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations/AUTHORIZATION_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ], "token": "ghu_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "note": "optional note", "note_url": "http://optional/note/url", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "expires_at": "2011-10-06T17:26:27Z", "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678" }

Update an existing authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

You can only send one of these scope keys at a time.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
authorization_idinteger必选

The unique identifier of the authorization.

正文参数
名称, 类型, 描述
scopesarray of strings or null

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

add_scopesarray of strings

A list of scopes to add to this authorization.

remove_scopesarray of strings

A list of scopes to remove from this authorization.

notestring

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_urlstring

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

fingerprintstring

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
200

OK

422

Validation failed

代码示例

patch/authorizations/{authorization_id}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations/AUTHORIZATION_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "id": 1, "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1", "scopes": [ "public_repo" ], "token": "ghu_16C7e42F292c6912E7710c838347Ae178B4a", "token_last_eight": "Ae178B4a", "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8", "app": { "url": "http://my-github-app.com", "name": "my github app", "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890" }, "note": "optional note", "note_url": "http://optional/note/url", "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z", "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z", "expires_at": "2011-10-06T17:26:27Z", "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678" }

Delete an authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub Enterprise Server will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

参数

标头
名称, 类型, 描述
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

路径参数
名称, 类型, 描述
authorization_idinteger必选

The unique identifier of the authorization.

HTTP 响应状态代码

状态代码描述
204

No Content

304

Not modified

401

Requires authentication

403

Forbidden

代码示例

delete/authorizations/{authorization_id}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/authorizations/AUTHORIZATION_ID

Response

Status: 204