To perform any actions on GitHub, such as creating a pull request in a repository or changing an organization's billing settings, a person must have sufficient access to the relevant account or resource. This access is controlled by permissions. A permission is the ability to perform a specific action. For example, the ability to delete an issue is a permission. A role is a set of permissions you can assign to individuals or teams.
Roles work differently for different types of accounts. For more information about accounts, see "Types of GitHub accounts."
组织成员可以是所有者、帐单管理员或成员角色。 所有者对组织具有完全管理权限，而帐单管理员负责管理帐单设置。 成员是其他每个人的默认角色。 您可以通过团队一次管理多个成员的访问权限。 更多信息请参阅：
Enterprise owners have ultimate power over the enterprise account and can take every action in the enterprise account. Billing managers can manage your enterprise account's billing settings. Members and outside collaborators of organizations owned by your enterprise account are automatically members of the enterprise account, although they have no access to the enterprise account itself or its settings. 更多信息请参阅“企业中的角色”。
If an enterprise uses Enterprise Managed Users, members are provisioned as new user accounts on GitHub and are fully managed by the identity provider. The managed users have read-only access to repositories that are not a part of their enterprise and cannot interact with users that are not also members of the enterprise. Within the organizations owned by the enterprise, the managed users can be granted the same granular access levels available for regular organizations. 更多信息请参阅“关于 Enterprise Managed Users”。