The GitHub Advisory Database contains a list of known security vulnerabilities and malware, grouped in two categories: GitHub-reviewed advisories and unreviewed advisories.
We add advisories to the GitHub Advisory Database from the following sources:
Note: Advisories for malware are currently in beta and subject to change.
Each advisory in the GitHub Advisory Database is for a vulnerability in open source projects or for malicious open source software.
漏洞是项目代码中的问题，可能被利用来损害机密性、完整性或者该项目或其他使用其代码的项目的可用性。 漏洞的类型、严重性和攻击方法各不相同。 Vulnerabilities in code are usually introduced by accident and fixed soon after they are discovered. You should update your code to use the fixed version of the dependency as soon as it is available.
In contrast, malicious software, or malware, is code that is intentionally designed to perform unwanted or harmful functions. The malware may target hardware, software, confidential data, or users of any application that uses the malware. You need to remove the malware from your project and find an alternative, more secure replacement for the dependency.
GitHub-reviewed advisories are security vulnerabilities or malware that have been mapped to packages in ecosystems we support. We carefully review each advisory for validity and ensure that they have a full description, and contain both ecosystem and package information.
Generally, we name our supported ecosystems after the software programming language's associated package registry. We review advisories if they are for a vulnerability in a package that comes from a supported registry.
- Composer (registry: https://packagist.org/)
- Erlang (registry: https://hex.pm/)
- Go (registry: https://pkg.go.dev/)
- Maven (registry: https://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/)
- npm (registry: https://www.npmjs.com/)
- NuGet (registry: https://www.nuget.org/)
- pip (registry: https://pypi.org/)
- RubyGems (registry: https://rubygems.org/)
- Rust (registry: https://crates.io/)
If you have a suggestion for a new ecosystem we should support, please open an issue for discussion.
If you enable Dependabot 警报 for your repositories, you are automatically notified when a new GitHub-reviewed advisory reports a vulnerability or malware for a package you depend on. For more information, see "About Dependabot 警报."
Unreviewed advisories are security vulnerabilites that we publish automatically into the GitHub Advisory Database, directly from the National Vulnerability Database feed.
Dependabot doesn't create Dependabot 警报 for unreviewed advisories as this type of advisory isn't checked for validity or completion.
Each security advisory contains information about the vulnerability or malware, which may include the description, severity, affected package, package ecosystem, affected versions and patched versions, impact, and optional information such as references, workarounds, and credits. In addition, advisories from the National Vulnerability Database list contain a link to the CVE record, where you can read more details about the vulnerability, its CVSS scores, and its qualitative severity level. For more information, see the "National Vulnerability Database" from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
The severity level is one of four possible levels defined in the "Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS), Section 5."
The GitHub Advisory Database uses the CVSS levels described above. If GitHub obtains a CVE, the GitHub Advisory Database uses CVSS version 3.1. If the CVE is imported, the GitHub Advisory Database supports both CVSS versions 3.0 and 3.1.
您也可以加入 GitHub Security Lab，以便浏览安全主题并参与安全工具和项目。
Navigate to https://github.com/advisories.
Optionally, to filter the list, use any of the drop-down menus.
Tip: You can use the sidebar on the left to explore GitHub-reviewed and unreviewed advisories separately.
Click on any advisory to view details. By default, you will see GitHub-reviewed advisories for security vulnerabilities. To show malware advisories, use
type:malwarein the search bar.
The database is also accessible using the GraphQL API. By default, queries will return GitHub-reviewed advisories for security vulnerabilities unless you specify
type:malware. For more information, see the "
security_advisory webhook event."
You can suggest improvements to any advisory in the GitHub Advisory Database. For more information, see "Editing security advisories in the GitHub Advisory Database."
You can search the database, and use qualifiers to narrow your search. For example, you can search for advisories created on a certain date, in a specific ecosystem, or in a particular library.
HH:MM:SS（时-分-秒）和 UTC 偏移 (
|type:reviewed will show GitHub-reviewed advisories for security vulnerabilities.|
|type:malware will show GitHub-reviewed advisories for malware.|
|type:unreviewed will show unreviewed advisories.|
|GHSA-49wp-qq6x-g2rf will show the advisory with this GitHub Advisory Database ID.|
|CVE-2020-28482 will show the advisory with this CVE ID number.|
|ecosystem:npm will show only advisories affecting NPM packages.|
|severity:high will show only advisories with a high severity level.|
|affects:lodash will show only advisories affecting the lodash library.|
|cwe:352 will show only advisories with this CWE number.|
|credit:octocat will show only advisories credited to the "octocat" user account.|
|sort:created-asc will sort by the oldest advisories first.|
|sort:created-desc will sort by the newest advisories first.|
|sort:updated-asc will sort by the least recently updated first.|
|sort:updated-desc will sort by the most recently updated first.|
|is:withdrawn will show only advisories that have been withdrawn.|
|created:2021-01-13 will show only advisories created on this date.|
|updated:2021-01-13 will show only advisories updated on this date.|
For any GitHub-reviewed advisory in the GitHub Advisory Database, you can see which of your repositories are affected by that security vulnerability or malware. To see a vulnerable repository, you must have access to Dependabot 警报 for that repository. For more information, see "About Dependabot 警报."
- Navigate to https://github.com/advisories.
- Click an advisory.
- At the top of the advisory page, click Dependabot alerts.
- Optionally, to filter the list, use the search bar or the drop-down menus. The "Organization" drop-down menu allows you to filter the Dependabot 警报 per owner (organization or user).
- For more details about the advisory, and for advice on how to fix the vulnerable repository, click the repository name.
- MITRE's definition of "vulnerability"