Skip to main content
Мы публикуем частые обновления нашей документации, и перевод этой страницы, возможно, еще выполняется. Актуальные сведения см. в документации на английском языке.
REST API теперь имеет версию. Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе Сведения об управлении версиями API.

Ссылки на Git

Использование REST API для взаимодействия со ссылками в базе данных Git в GitHub

Ссылки на Git

Ссылка на Git (git ref) — это файл, содержащий хэш SHA-1 фиксации Git. При ссылке на фиксацию Git можно использовать ссылку Git, которая представляет собой простое запоминающееся имя, а не хэш. Ссылку на Git можно перезаписать, чтобы указать на новую фиксацию. Ветвь — это ссылка на Git, в которой хранится новый хэш фиксации Git. Эти конечные точки позволяют считывать и записывать ссылки на базу данных Git в GitHub.

List matching references

Работа с GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

ref parameter

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Работа с GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

ref parameter

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Примеры кода

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Работа с GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
refstringОбязательно

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

shastringОбязательно

The SHA1 value for this reference.

keystring

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
201

Created

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Работа с GitHub Apps

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

The name of the fully qualified reference to update. For example, refs/heads/master. If the value doesn't start with refs and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

Параметры запроса
Имя, Тип, Описание
shastringОбязательно

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

forceboolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Значение по умолчанию: false

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
200

OK

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Работа с GitHub Apps

Параметры

Заголовки
Имя, Тип, Описание
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Параметры пути
Имя, Тип, Описание
ownerstringОбязательно

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringОбязательно

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringОбязательно

ref parameter

Коды состояния HTTP-ответа

Код состоянияОписание
204

No Content

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Примеры кода

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>"\ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204