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Настройка проверки секретов в ваших репозиториях

Вы можете настроить, как GitHub сканирует репозитории для утечки секретов и создает оповещения.

Кто может использовать эту функцию?

People with admin permissions to a repository can enable secret scanning for the repository.

Secret scanning is available for organization-owned repositories in GitHub Enterprise Server if your enterprise has a license for GitHub Advanced Security. For more information, see "About secret scanning" and "About GitHub Advanced Security."

Note: Your site administrator must enable secret scanning for your GitHub Enterprise Server instance before you can use this feature. For more information, see "Configuring secret scanning for your appliance."

You may not be able to enable or disable secret scanning, if an enterprise owner has set a policy at the enterprise level. For more information, see "Enforcing policies for code security and analysis for your enterprise."

Enabling secret scanning

You can enable secret scanning for any repository that is owned by an organization. Once enabled, secret scanning scans for any secrets in your entire Git history on all branches present in your GitHub repository. Additionally, secret scanning scans:

  • Descriptions and comments in issues
  • Titles, descriptions, and comments, in open and closed historical issues

You can also enable secret scanning for multiple repositories in an organization at the same time. For more information, see "Quickstart for securing your organization."

Note: If your organization is owned by an enterprise account, an enterprise owner can also enable secret scanning at the enterprise level. For more information, see "Managing GitHub Advanced Security features for your enterprise."

A repository administrator can choose to disable secret scanning for a repository at any time. For more information, see "Managing security and analysis settings for your repository."

  1. On your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Under your repository name, click Settings. If you cannot see the "Settings" tab, select the dropdown menu, then click Settings.

    Screenshot of a repository header showing the tabs. The "Settings" tab is highlighted by a dark orange outline.

  3. In the "Security" section of the sidebar, click Code security and analysis.

  4. If Advanced Security is not already enabled for the repository, to the right of "GitHub Advanced Security", click Enable.

  5. Review the impact of enabling Advanced Security, then click Enable GitHub Advanced Security for this repository.

  6. When you enable Advanced Security, secret scanning may automatically be enabled for the repository due to the organization's settings. If "Secret scanning" is shown with an Enable button, you still need to enable secret scanning by clicking Enable. If you see a Disable button, secret scanning is already enabled.

    Screenshot of the "Secret scanning" section of the "Code security and analysis" page, with the "Enable" button highlighted in a dark orange outline.

Enabling additional features for secret scanning

You can enable the following additional secret scanning features through your repository's "Code security and analysis" settings:

Enabling scanning for non-provider patterns

Note: The detection of non-provider patterns is currently in beta and subject to change.

You can enable scanning for non-provider patterns. Non-provider patterns correspond to secrets such as private keys and they have a higher ratio of false positives.

  1. On your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Under your repository name, click Settings. If you cannot see the "Settings" tab, select the dropdown menu, then click Settings.

    Screenshot of a repository header showing the tabs. The "Settings" tab is highlighted by a dark orange outline.

  3. In the "Security" section of the sidebar, click Code security and analysis.

  4. Under Secret scanning, select the checkbox next to "Scan for non-provider patterns".

For more information about non-provider patterns, see "Secret scanning patterns."

Excluding directories from secret scanning

You can configure a secret_scanning.yml file to exclude directories from secret scanning, including when you use push protection. For example, you can exclude directories that contain tests or randomly generated content.

  1. On your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, navigate to the main page of the repository.

  2. Above the list of files, using the Add file drop-down, click Create new file.

  3. In the file name field, type .github/secret_scanning.yml.

  4. Under Edit new file, type paths-ignore: followed by the paths you want to exclude from secret scanning.

    paths-ignore:
      - "foo/bar/*.js"
    

    You can use special characters, such as * to filter paths. For more information about filter patterns, see "Workflow syntax for GitHub Actions."

    Notes:

    • If there are more than 1,000 entries in paths-ignore, secret scanning will only exclude the first 1,000 directories from scans.
    • If secret_scanning.yml is larger than 1 MB, secret scanning will ignore the entire file.

You can also ignore individual alerts from secret scanning. For more information, see "Managing alerts from secret scanning."

Further reading