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Introduction to GitHub Packages

GitHub Packages is a software package hosting service that allows you to host your software packages privately or publicly and use packages as dependencies in your projects.

O GitHub Packages está disponível com GitHub Free, GitHub Pro, GitHub Free for organizations, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, GitHub Enterprise Server 3.0 ou superior e o GitHub AE.
O GitHub Packages não está disponível para repositórios privados de contas que utilizam planos antigos por-repositório. Além disso, as contas que usam os planos de legado por repositório não podem acessar o Container registry já que essas contas são cobradas por repositório. Para obter mais informações, confira "produtos de GitHub".

About GitHub Packages

GitHub Packages is a platform for hosting and managing packages, including containers and other dependencies. GitHub Packages combines your source code and packages in one place to provide integrated permissions management and billing, so you can centralize your software development on GitHub.

You can integrate GitHub Packages with GitHub APIs, GitHub Actions, and webhooks to create an end-to-end DevOps workflow that includes your code, CI, and deployment solutions.

GitHub Packages offers different package registries for commonly used package managers, such as npm, RubyGems, Apache Maven, Gradle, Docker, and NuGet. GitHub's Container registry is optimized for containers and supports Docker and OCI images. For more information on the different package registries that GitHub Packages supports, see "Working with a GitHub Packages registry."

Diagram showing packages support for the Container registry, RubyGems, npm, Apache Maven, NuGet, and Gradle

You can view a package's README, as well as metadata such as licensing, download statistics, version history, and more on GitHub. For more information, see "Viewing packages."

Overview of package permissions and visibility

PermissionsThe permissions for a package are either inherited from the repository where the package is hosted or, for packages in the , they can be defined for specific user or organization accounts. For more information, see "Configuring a package’s access control and visibility."
VisibilityVocê pode publicar pacotes em um repositório público (pacotes públicos) para compartilhá-los com todo o GitHub ou em um repositório privado (pacotes privados) para compartilhá-los com os colaboradores ou uma organização.

For more information, see "About permissions for GitHub Packages."

About billing for GitHub Packages

GitHub Packages usage is free for public packages. For private packages, each account on GitHub.com receives a certain amount of free storage and data transfer, depending on the product used with the account. Any usage beyond the included amounts is controlled by spending limits. Se você for um cliente que paga mensalmente, a sua conta terá um limite de gastos padrão de 0 USD (dólares dos EUA), que impede o uso adicional de armazenamento ou transferência de dados após alcançar o valor incluído. Se você pagar sua conta por fatura, sua conta terá um limite de gastos padrão ilimitado. For more information, see "About billing for GitHub Packages."

Supported clients and formats

GitHub Packages uses the native package tooling commands you're already familiar with to publish and install package versions.

Support for package registries

LanguageDescriptionPackage formatPackage client
JavaScriptNode package managerpackage.jsonnpm
RubyRubyGems package managerGemfilegem
JavaApache Maven project management and comprehension toolpom.xmlmvn
JavaGradle build automation tool for Javabuild.gradle or build.gradle.ktsgradle
.NETNuGet package management for .NETnupkgdotnet CLI
N/ADocker container managementDockerfileDocker

For more information about configuring your package client for use with GitHub Packages, see "Working with a GitHub Packages registry."

For more information about Docker and the Container registry, see "Working with the Container registry."

Authenticating to GitHub Packages

O GitHub Packages dá suporte apenas à autenticação que usa um personal access token (classic). Para obter mais informações, confira "Como criar um personal access token".

You need an access token to publish, install, and delete private, internal, and public packages.

You can use a personal access token (classic) to authenticate to GitHub Packages or the GitHub API. When you create a personal access token (classic), you can assign the token different scopes depending on your needs. For more information about packages-related scopes for a personal access token (classic), see "About permissions for GitHub Packages."

To authenticate to a GitHub Packages registry within a GitHub Actions workflow, you can use:

  • GITHUB_TOKEN to publish packages associated with the workflow repository.
  • a personal access token (classic) with at least packages:read scope to install packages associated with other private repositories (which GITHUB_TOKEN can't access).

Para obter mais informações sobre o GITHUB_TOKEN usado em fluxos de trabalho do GitHub Actions, confira "Autenticação em um fluxo de trabalho".

Managing packages

You can delete a package in the GitHub.com user interface or using the REST API. For more information, see "Deleting and restoring a package" and the "GitHub Packages API."

A API do GraphQL do GitHub Packages não dá suporte a contêineres ou a imagens do Docker que usam o namespace de pacote https://ghcr.io/OWNER/PACKAGE-NAME ou imagens npm que usam o namespace de pacote https://npm.pkg.github.com/OWNER/PACKAGE-NAME.

When you use the GraphQL API to query and delete private packages, you must use the same personal access token (classic) you use to authenticate to GitHub Packages.

For more information, see "Forming calls with GraphQL."

You can configure webhooks to subscribe to package-related events, such as when a package is published or updated. For more information, see the "package webhook event."

Contacting support

If you have feedback or feature requests for GitHub Packages, use a GitHub Community discussion.

Contact Suporte do GitHub about GitHub Packages using our contact form if:

  • You experience anything that contradicts the documentation
  • You encounter vague or unclear errors
  • Your published package contains sensitive data, such as GDPR violations, API Keys, or personally identifying information