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Implantações

Use a API REST para criar e excluir implantações e ambientes de implantação.

Sobre implantações

As implantações são solicitações para implantar um ref específico (branch, SHA, tag). O GitHub expede um evento deployment que os serviços externos podem escutar e executar uma ação quando implantações são criadas. As implantações permitem que os desenvolvedores e as organizações construam ferramentas associadas em torno de implantações sem ter que se preocupar com os detalhes de implementação da entrega de diferentes tipos de aplicativos (p. ex., web, nativo).

Os status de implantação permitem que serviços externos marquem as implantações com um estado error, failure, pending, in_progress, queued ou success que os sistemas que escutam os eventos deployment_status podem consumir.

Os status de implantação também podem incluir uma description e uma log_url opcional, que são altamente recomendados, pois tornam os status de implantação mais úteis. A log_url é a URL completa da saída da implantação, e a description é um resumo de alto nível do que aconteceu com a implantação.

O GitHub expede os eventos deployment e deployment_status quando implantações e status de implantação são criados. Esses eventos permitem que as integrações de terceiros recebam e respondam a solicitações de implantação e atualizem o status de implantação conforme o progresso é feito.

Abaixo está um diagrama de sequência sobre para como essas interações funcionariam.

+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
| Tooling |             | GitHub |            | 3rd Party |        | Your Server |
+---------+             +--------+            +-----------+        +-------------+
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Create Deployment   |                       |                     |
     |--------------------->|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |  Deployment Created  |                       |                     |
     |<---------------------|                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Event    |                     |
     |                      |---------------------->|                     |
     |                      |                       |     SSH+Deploys     |
     |                      |                       |-------------------->|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |                       |   Deploy Completed  |
     |                      |                       |<--------------------|
     |                      |                       |                     |
     |                      |   Deployment Status   |                     |
     |                      |<----------------------|                     |
     |                      |                       |                     |

Tenha em mente que o GitHub nunca terá acesso aos seus servidores. Cabe à sua integração de terceiros interagir com os eventos de implantação. Vários sistemas podem ouvir eventos de implantação, e cabe a cada um desses sistemas decidir se serão responsáveis por retirar o código dos seus servidores, criar código nativo, etc.

Observe que o repo_deployment escopo OAuth concede acesso direcionado a implantações e status de implantação sem conceder acesso ao código do repositório, enquanto os escopos public_repo e repo também concedem permissão ao código.

Implantações inativas

Quando você definir o estado de uma implantação como success, todas as implantações anteriores de ambiente não transitório e de não produção no mesmo repositório com o mesmo nome de ambiente se tornarão inactive. Para evitar isso, você pode definir auto_inactive como false ao criar o status da implantação.

Você pode comunicar que um ambiente transitório não existe mais definindo o state dele como inactive. A configuração do state como inactive mostrar a implantação como destroyed no GitHub e remove o acesso a ela.

List deployments

Simple filtering of deployments is available via query parameters:

Tokens de acesso refinados para "List deployments"

Esse ponto de extremidade funciona com os seguintes tipos de token:

O token deve ter os seguintes conjuntos de permissões:

  • deployments:read

Esse ponto de extremidade pode ser usado sem autenticação ou as permissões acima mencionadas se apenas recursos públicos forem solicitados.

Parâmetros para "List deployments"

Cabeçalhos
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parâmetros de caminho
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
owner string Obrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obrigatório

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Parâmetros de consulta
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
sha string

The SHA recorded at creation time.

Padrão: none

ref string

The name of the ref. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

Padrão: none

task string

The name of the task for the deployment (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Padrão: none

environment string or null

The name of the environment that was deployed to (e.g., staging or production).

Padrão: none

per_page integer

The number of results per page (max 100). For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Padrão: 30

page integer

The page number of the results to fetch. For more information, see "Using pagination in the REST API."

Padrão: 1

Códigos de status de resposta HTTP para "List deployments"

Código de statusDescrição
200

OK

Exemplos de código para "List deployments"

Exemplo de solicitação

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments

Response

Status: 200
[ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true } ]

Create a deployment

Deployments offer a few configurable parameters with certain defaults.

The ref parameter can be any named branch, tag, or SHA. At GitHub Enterprise Cloud we often deploy branches and verify them before we merge a pull request.

The environment parameter allows deployments to be issued to different runtime environments. Teams often have multiple environments for verifying their applications, such as production, staging, and qa. This parameter makes it easier to track which environments have requested deployments. The default environment is production.

The auto_merge parameter is used to ensure that the requested ref is not behind the repository's default branch. If the ref is behind the default branch for the repository, we will attempt to merge it for you. If the merge succeeds, the API will return a successful merge commit. If merge conflicts prevent the merge from succeeding, the API will return a failure response.

By default, commit statuses for every submitted context must be in a success state. The required_contexts parameter allows you to specify a subset of contexts that must be success, or to specify contexts that have not yet been submitted. You are not required to use commit statuses to deploy. If you do not require any contexts or create any commit statuses, the deployment will always succeed.

The payload parameter is available for any extra information that a deployment system might need. It is a JSON text field that will be passed on when a deployment event is dispatched.

The task parameter is used by the deployment system to allow different execution paths. In the web world this might be deploy:migrations to run schema changes on the system. In the compiled world this could be a flag to compile an application with debugging enabled.

Merged branch response:

You will see this response when GitHub automatically merges the base branch into the topic branch instead of creating a deployment. This auto-merge happens when:

  • Auto-merge option is enabled in the repository
  • Topic branch does not include the latest changes on the base branch, which is master in the response example
  • There are no merge conflicts

If there are no new commits in the base branch, a new request to create a deployment should give a successful response.

Merge conflict response:

This error happens when the auto_merge option is enabled and when the default branch (in this case master), can't be merged into the branch that's being deployed (in this case topic-branch), due to merge conflicts.

Failed commit status checks:

This error happens when the required_contexts parameter indicates that one or more contexts need to have a success status for the commit to be deployed, but one or more of the required contexts do not have a state of success.

OAuth app tokens and personal access tokens (classic) need the repo or repo_deployment scope to use this endpoint.

Tokens de acesso refinados para "Create a deployment"

Esse ponto de extremidade funciona com os seguintes tipos de token:

O token deve ter os seguintes conjuntos de permissões:

  • deployments:write

Parâmetros para "Create a deployment"

Cabeçalhos
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parâmetros de caminho
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
owner string Obrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obrigatório

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Parâmetros do corpo
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
ref string Obrigatório

The ref to deploy. This can be a branch, tag, or SHA.

task string

Specifies a task to execute (e.g., deploy or deploy:migrations).

Padrão: deploy

auto_merge boolean

Attempts to automatically merge the default branch into the requested ref, if it's behind the default branch.

Padrão: true

required_contexts array of strings

The status contexts to verify against commit status checks. If you omit this parameter, GitHub verifies all unique contexts before creating a deployment. To bypass checking entirely, pass an empty array. Defaults to all unique contexts.

payload object or string

JSON payload with extra information about the deployment.

environment string

Name for the target deployment environment (e.g., production, staging, qa).

Padrão: production

description string or null

Short description of the deployment.

Padrão: ""

transient_environment boolean

Specifies if the given environment is specific to the deployment and will no longer exist at some point in the future. Default: false

Padrão: false

production_environment boolean

Specifies if the given environment is one that end-users directly interact with. Default: true when environment is production and false otherwise.

Códigos de status de resposta HTTP para "Create a deployment"

Código de statusDescrição
201

Created

202

Merged branch response

409

Conflict when there is a merge conflict or the commit's status checks failed

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemplos de código para "Create a deployment"

Exemplo de solicitação

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments \ -d '{"ref":"topic-branch","payload":"{ \"deploy\": \"migrate\" }","description":"Deploy request from hubot"}'

Simple example

Status: 201
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Get a deployment

Tokens de acesso refinados para "Get a deployment"

Esse ponto de extremidade funciona com os seguintes tipos de token:

O token deve ter os seguintes conjuntos de permissões:

  • deployments:read

Esse ponto de extremidade pode ser usado sem autenticação ou as permissões acima mencionadas se apenas recursos públicos forem solicitados.

Parâmetros para "Get a deployment"

Cabeçalhos
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parâmetros de caminho
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
owner string Obrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obrigatório

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_id integer Obrigatório

deployment_id parameter

Códigos de status de resposta HTTP para "Get a deployment"

Código de statusDescrição
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Exemplos de código para "Get a deployment"

Exemplo de solicitação

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 200
{ "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDEwOkRlcGxveW1lbnQx", "sha": "a84d88e7554fc1fa21bcbc4efae3c782a70d2b9d", "ref": "topic-branch", "task": "deploy", "payload": {}, "original_environment": "staging", "environment": "production", "description": "Deploy request from hubot", "creator": { "login": "octocat", "id": 1, "node_id": "MDQ6VXNlcjE=", "avatar_url": "https://github.com/images/error/octocat_happy.gif", "gravatar_id": "", "url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat", "followers_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/followers", "following_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/following{/other_user}", "gists_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/gists{/gist_id}", "starred_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/starred{/owner}{/repo}", "subscriptions_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/subscriptions", "organizations_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/orgs", "repos_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/repos", "events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/events{/privacy}", "received_events_url": "https://api.github.com/users/octocat/received_events", "type": "User", "site_admin": false }, "created_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "updated_at": "2012-07-20T01:19:13Z", "statuses_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example/deployments/1/statuses", "repository_url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/example", "transient_environment": false, "production_environment": true }

Delete a deployment

If the repository only has one deployment, you can delete the deployment regardless of its status. If the repository has more than one deployment, you can only delete inactive deployments. This ensures that repositories with multiple deployments will always have an active deployment.

To set a deployment as inactive, you must:

  • Create a new deployment that is active so that the system has a record of the current state, then delete the previously active deployment.
  • Mark the active deployment as inactive by adding any non-successful deployment status.

For more information, see "Create a deployment" and "Create a deployment status."

OAuth app tokens and personal access tokens (classic) need the repo or repo_deployment scope to use this endpoint.

Tokens de acesso refinados para "Delete a deployment"

Esse ponto de extremidade funciona com os seguintes tipos de token:

O token deve ter os seguintes conjuntos de permissões:

  • deployments:write

Parâmetros para "Delete a deployment"

Cabeçalhos
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parâmetros de caminho
Nome, Tipo, Descrição
owner string Obrigatório

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Obrigatório

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

deployment_id integer Obrigatório

deployment_id parameter

Códigos de status de resposta HTTP para "Delete a deployment"

Código de statusDescrição
204

No Content

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Exemplos de código para "Delete a deployment"

Exemplo de solicitação

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/deployments/{deployment_id}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/deployments/DEPLOYMENT_ID

Response

Status: 204