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Configuração da revisão de dependência

Você pode usar a análise de dependência para capturar vulnerabilidades antes que elas sejam adicionadas ao projeto.

About dependency review

Dependency review helps you understand dependency changes and the security impact of these changes at every pull request. It provides an easily understandable visualization of dependency changes with a rich diff on the "Files Changed" tab of a pull request. Dependency review informs you of:

  • Which dependencies were added, removed, or updated, along with the release dates.
  • How many projects use these components.
  • Vulnerability data for these dependencies.

For more information, see "About dependency review" and "Reviewing dependency changes in a pull request."

About configuring dependency review

Dependency review is available in all public repositories in all products and cannot be disabled. Dependency review is available in private repositories owned by organizations that use GitHub Enterprise Cloud and have a license for GitHub Advanced Security. For more information, see the GitHub Enterprise Cloud documentation.

About configuring the dependency review action

The dependency review action scans your pull requests for dependency changes and raises an error if any new dependencies have known vulnerabilities. The action is supported by an API endpoint that compares the dependencies between two revisions and reports any differences.

For more information about the action and the API endpoint, see the dependency-review-action documentation, and "REST API endpoints for dependency review."

Organization owners can roll out dependency review at scale by enforcing the use of the dependency review action across repositories in the organization. This involves the use of repository rulesets for which you'll set the dependency review action as a required workflow, which means that pull requests can only be merged once the workflow passes all the required checks. For more information, see "Enforcing dependency review across an organization."

Here is a list of common configuration options. For more information, and a full list of options, see Dependency Review on the GitHub Marketplace.

OptionRequiredUsage
fail-on-severityDefines the threshold for level of severity (low, moderate, high, critical).
The action will fail on any pull requests that introduce vulnerabilities of the specified severity level or higher.
allow-licensesContains a list of allowed licenses. You can find the possible values for this parameter in the Licenses page of the API documentation.
The action will fail on pull requests that introduce dependencies with licenses that do not match the list.
deny-licensesContains a list of prohibited licenses. You can find the possible values for this parameter in the Licenses page of the API documentation.
The action will fail on pull requests that introduce dependencies with licenses that match the list.
fail-on-scopesContains a list of strings representing the build environments you want to support (development, runtime, unknown).
The action will fail on pull requests that introduce vulnerabilities in the scopes that match the list.
comment-summary-in-prEnable or disable the reporting of the review summary as a comment in the pull request. If enabled, you must give the workflow or job the pull-requests: write permission.
allow-ghsasContains a list of GitHub Advisory Database IDs that can be skipped during detection. You can find the possible values for this parameter in the GitHub Advisory Database.
config-fileSpecifies a path to a configuration file. The configuration file can be local to the repository or a file located in an external repository.
external-repo-tokenSpecifies a token for fetching the configuration file, if the file resides in a private external repository. The token must have read access to the repository.

Tip: The allow-licenses and deny-licenses options are mutually exclusive.

Configuring the dependency review action

There are two methods of configuring the dependency review action:

  • Inlining the configuration options in your workflow file.
  • Referencing a configuration file in your workflow file.

Notice that all of the examples use a short version number for the action (v3) instead of a semver release number (for example, v3.0.8). This ensures that you use the most recent minor version of the action.

Using inline configuration to set up the dependency review action

  1. Add a new YAML workflow to your .github/workflows folder.

    YAML
    name: 'Dependency Review'
    on: [pull_request]
    
    permissions:
      contents: read
    
    jobs:
      dependency-review:
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        steps:
         - name: 'Checkout Repository'
           uses: actions/checkout@v4
         - name: Dependency Review
           uses: actions/dependency-review-action@v4
    
  2. Specify your settings.

    This dependency review action example file illustrates how you can use the available configuration options.

    YAML
    name: 'Dependency Review'
    on: [pull_request]
    
    permissions:
      contents: read
    
    jobs:
      dependency-review:
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        steps:
        - name: 'Checkout Repository'
          uses: actions/checkout@v4
        - name: Dependency Review
          uses: actions/dependency-review-action@v4
          with:
            # Possible values: "critical", "high", "moderate", "low"
            fail-on-severity: critical
    
            
            # You can only include one of these two options: `allow-licenses` and `deny-licenses`
            # ([String]). Only allow these licenses (optional)
            # Possible values: Any SPDX-compliant license identifiers or expressions from https://spdx.org/licenses/
            allow-licenses: GPL-3.0, BSD-3-Clause, MIT
            # ([String]). Block the pull request on these licenses (optional)
            # Possible values: Any SPDX-compliant license identifiers or expressions from https://spdx.org/licenses/
            deny-licenses: LGPL-2.0, BSD-2-Clause
            
            # ([String]). Skip these GitHub Advisory Database IDs during detection (optional)
            # Possible values: Any valid GitHub Advisory Database ID from https://github.com/advisories
            allow-ghsas: GHSA-abcd-1234-5679, GHSA-efgh-1234-5679
            # ([String]). Block pull requests that introduce vulnerabilities in the scopes that match this list (optional)
            # Possible values: "development", "runtime", "unknown"
            fail-on-scopes: development, runtime
    

Using a configuration file to set up dependency review action

  1. Add a new YAML workflow to your .github/workflows folder and use config-file to specify that you are using a configuration file.

    YAML
    name: 'Dependency Review'
    on: [pull_request]
    
    permissions:
     contents: read
    
    jobs:
      dependency-review:
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        steps:
        - name: 'Checkout Repository'
          uses: actions/checkout@v4
        - name: Dependency Review
          uses: actions/dependency-review-action@v4
          with:
           # ([String]). Representing a path to a configuration file local to the repository or in an external repository.
           # Possible values: An absolute path to a local file or an external file.
           config-file: './.github/dependency-review-config.yml'
           # Syntax for an external file: OWNER/REPOSITORY/FILENAME@BRANCH
           config-file: 'github/octorepo/dependency-review-config.yml@main'
    
           # ([Token]) Use if your configuration file resides in a private external repository.
           # Possible values: Any GitHub token with read access to the private external repository.
           external-repo-token: 'ghp_123456789abcde'
    
  2. Create the configuration file in the path you have specified.

    This YAML example file illustrates how you can use the available configuration options.

    YAML
      # Possible values: "critical", "high", "moderate", "low"
      fail-on-severity: critical
    
      # You can only include one of these two options: `allow-licenses` and `deny-licenses`
      # ([String]). Only allow these licenses (optional)
      # Possible values: Any SPDX-compliant license identifiers or expressions from https://spdx.org/licenses/
      allow-licenses:
        - GPL-3.0
        - BSD-3-Clause
        - MIT
       # ([String]). Block the pull request on these licenses (optional)
       # Possible values: Any SPDX-compliant license identifiers or expressions from https://spdx.org/licenses/
      deny-licenses:
        - LGPL-2.0
        - BSD-2-Clause
    
       # ([String]). Skip these GitHub Advisory Database IDs during detection (optional)
       # Possible values: Any valid GitHub Advisory Database ID from https://github.com/advisories
      allow-ghsas:
        - GHSA-abcd-1234-5679
        - GHSA-efgh-1234-5679
       # ([String]). Block pull requests that introduce vulnerabilities in the scopes that match this list (optional)
       # Possible values: "development", "runtime", "unknown"
      fail-on-scopes:
        - development
        - runtime
    

For further details about the configuration options, see dependency-review-action.