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Git references

The Git references API lets you read and write references to your Git database on GitHub Enterprise Server

About the Git references API

A Git reference (git ref) is a file that contains a Git commit SHA-1 hash. When referring to a Git commit, you can use the Git reference, which is an easy-to-remember name, rather than the hash. The Git reference can be rewritten to point to a new commit. A branch is a Git reference that stores the new Git commit hash. These endpoints allow you to read and write references to your Git database on GitHub Enterprise Server.

List matching references

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

ref parameter

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

ref parameter

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Parámetros de cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
refstringRequerido

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

shastringRequerido

The SHA1 value for this reference.

keystring

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
201

Created

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

The name of the fully qualified reference to update. For example, refs/heads/master. If the value doesn't start with refs and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

Parámetros de cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
shastringRequerido

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

forceboolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Predeterminado: false

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

refstringRequerido

ref parameter

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
204

No Content

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ http(s)://HOSTNAME/api/v3/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204