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Git trees

The Git trees API lets you read and write tree objects to your Git database on GitHub Enterprise Cloud.

About the Git trees API

Un objeto de árbol de Git crea la jerarquía entre archivos para un repositorio de Git. Puedes utilizar el objeto de árbol de Git para crear una relación entre directorios y entre los archivos que contienen. Estas terminales te permiten leer y escribir objetos de árbolen tu base de datos de Git en GitHub Enterprise Cloud.

Create a tree

Funciona con GitHub Apps

The tree creation API accepts nested entries. If you specify both a tree and a nested path modifying that tree, this endpoint will overwrite the contents of the tree with the new path contents, and create a new tree structure.

If you use this endpoint to add, delete, or modify the file contents in a tree, you will need to commit the tree and then update a branch to point to the commit. For more information see "Create a commit" and "Update a reference."

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

Parámetros de cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
treearray of objectsRequerido

Objects (of path, mode, type, and sha) specifying a tree structure.

Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
pathstring

The file referenced in the tree.

modestring

The file mode; one of 100644 for file (blob), 100755 for executable (blob), 040000 for subdirectory (tree), 160000 for submodule (commit), or 120000 for a blob that specifies the path of a symlink.

Puede ser una de las siguientes: 100644, 100755, 040000, 160000, 120000

typestring

Either blob, tree, or commit.

Puede ser una de las siguientes: blob, tree, commit

shastring or null

The SHA1 checksum ID of the object in the tree. Also called tree.sha. If the value is null then the file will be deleted.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

contentstring

The content you want this file to have. GitHub will write this blob out and use that SHA for this entry. Use either this, or tree.sha.

Note: Use either tree.sha or content to specify the contents of the entry. Using both tree.sha and content will return an error.

base_treestring

The SHA1 of an existing Git tree object which will be used as the base for the new tree. If provided, a new Git tree object will be created from entries in the Git tree object pointed to by base_tree and entries defined in the tree parameter. Entries defined in the tree parameter will overwrite items from base_tree with the same path. If you're creating new changes on a branch, then normally you'd set base_tree to the SHA1 of the Git tree object of the current latest commit on the branch you're working on. If not provided, GitHub will create a new Git tree object from only the entries defined in the tree parameter. If you create a new commit pointing to such a tree, then all files which were a part of the parent commit's tree and were not defined in the tree parameter will be listed as deleted by the new commit.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
201

Created

403

Forbidden

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees
curl \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees \ -d '{"base_tree":"9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312","tree":[{"path":"file.rb","mode":"100644","type":"blob","sha":"44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132"}]}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "sha": "cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/cd8274d15fa3ae2ab983129fb037999f264ba9a7", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 132, "sha": "7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/7c258a9869f33c1e1e1f74fbb32f07c86cb5a75b" } ], "truncated": true }

Get a tree

Funciona con GitHub Apps

Returns a single tree using the SHA1 value for that tree.

If truncated is true in the response then the number of items in the tree array exceeded our maximum limit. If you need to fetch more items, use the non-recursive method of fetching trees, and fetch one sub-tree at a time.

Parámetros

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
acceptstring

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de ruta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ownerstringRequerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repostringRequerido

The name of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

tree_shastringRequerido
Parámetros de consulta
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
recursivestring

Setting this parameter to any value returns the objects or subtrees referenced by the tree specified in :tree_sha. For example, setting recursive to any of the following will enable returning objects or subtrees: 0, 1, "true", and "false". Omit this parameter to prevent recursively returning objects or subtrees.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP

Código de estadoDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

422

Validation failed

Ejemplos de código

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/trees/{tree_sha}
curl \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: token <TOKEN>" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/trees/TREE_SHA

Default response

Status: 200
{ "sha": "9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/trees/9fb037999f264ba9a7fc6274d15fa3ae2ab98312", "tree": [ { "path": "file.rb", "mode": "100644", "type": "blob", "size": 30, "sha": "44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/44b4fc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132" }, { "path": "subdir", "mode": "040000", "type": "tree", "sha": "f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/f484d249c660418515fb01c2b9662073663c242e" }, { "path": "exec_file", "mode": "100755", "type": "blob", "size": 75, "sha": "45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/blobs/45b983be36b73c0788dc9cbcb76cbb80fc7bb057" } ], "truncated": false }