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Ahora la API de REST tiene control de versiones. Para obtener más información, consulta "Acerca del control de versiones de la API".

Puntos de conexión de la API de REST para referencias de Git

Uso de la API de REST para interactuar con referencias en la base de datos de Git en GitHub Enterprise Cloud

Acerca de las referencias de Git

Una referencia de Git (git ref) es un archivo que contiene un hash SHA-1 de una confirmación de Git. Al hacer referencia a una confirmación de Git, puede usar la referencia de Git, que es un nombre fácil de recordar, en lugar del hash. La referencia de Git se puede reescribir para apuntar a una confirmación nueva. Una rama es una referencia de Git que almacena el hash de la nueva confirmación de Git. Estos puntos de conexión permiten leer y escribir referencias en la base de datos de Git en GitHub Enterprise Cloud.

List matching references

Returns an array of references from your Git database that match the supplied name. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't exist in the repository, but existing refs start with :ref, they will be returned as an array.

When you use this endpoint without providing a :ref, it will return an array of all the references from your Git database, including notes and stashes if they exist on the server. Anything in the namespace is returned, not just heads and tags.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

If you request matching references for a branch named feature but the branch feature doesn't exist, the response can still include other matching head refs that start with the word feature, such as featureA and featureB.

Tokens de acceso específicos para "List matching references"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

El token debe tener el siguiente conjunto de permisos.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

Este punto de conexión se puede usar sin autenticación o los permisos mencionados anteriormente si solo se solicitan recursos públicos.

Parámetros para "List matching references"

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de la ruta de acceso
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
owner string Requerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Requerido

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Requerido

The Git reference. For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP para "List matching references"

status codeDescripción
200

OK

409

Conflict

Ejemplos de código para "List matching references"

Ejemplo de solicitud

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/matching-refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/matching-refs/REF

Response

Status: 200
[ { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-a", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWE=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-a", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }, { "ref": "refs/heads/feature-b", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlLWI=", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/feature-b", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/612077ae6dffb4d2fbd8ce0cccaa58893b07b5ac" } } ]

Get a reference

Returns a single reference from your Git database. The :ref in the URL must be formatted as heads/<branch name> for branches and tags/<tag name> for tags. If the :ref doesn't match an existing ref, a 404 is returned.

Note: You need to explicitly request a pull request to trigger a test merge commit, which checks the mergeability of pull requests. For more information, see "Checking mergeability of pull requests".

Tokens de acceso específicos para "Get a reference"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

El token debe tener el siguiente conjunto de permisos.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

Este punto de conexión se puede usar sin autenticación o los permisos mencionados anteriormente si solo se solicitan recursos públicos.

Parámetros para "Get a reference"

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de la ruta de acceso
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
owner string Requerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Requerido

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Requerido

The Git reference. For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP para "Get a reference"

status codeDescripción
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

Ejemplos de código para "Get a reference"

Ejemplo de solicitud

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/ref/{ref}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/ref/REF

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Create a reference

Creates a reference for your repository. You are unable to create new references for empty repositories, even if the commit SHA-1 hash used exists. Empty repositories are repositories without branches.

Tokens de acceso específicos para "Create a reference"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

El token debe tener al menos uno de los siguientes conjuntos de permisos.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)
  • "Contents" repository permissions (write) and "Workflows" repository permissions (write)

Parámetros para "Create a reference"

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de la ruta de acceso
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
owner string Requerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Requerido

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Parámetros del cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
ref string Requerido

The name of the fully qualified reference (ie: refs/heads/master). If it doesn't start with 'refs' and have at least two slashes, it will be rejected.

sha string Requerido

The SHA1 value for this reference.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP para "Create a reference"

status codeDescripción
201

Created

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Ejemplos de código para "Create a reference"

Ejemplo de solicitud

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs \ -d '{"ref":"refs/heads/featureA","sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Update a reference

Updates the provided reference to point to a new SHA. For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Tokens de acceso específicos para "Update a reference"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

El token debe tener al menos uno de los siguientes conjuntos de permisos.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)
  • "Contents" repository permissions (write) and "Workflows" repository permissions (write)

Parámetros para "Update a reference"

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de la ruta de acceso
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
owner string Requerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Requerido

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Requerido

The Git reference. For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Parámetros del cuerpo
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
sha string Requerido

The SHA1 value to set this reference to

force boolean

Indicates whether to force the update or to make sure the update is a fast-forward update. Leaving this out or setting it to false will make sure you're not overwriting work.

Valor predeterminado: false

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP para "Update a reference"

status codeDescripción
200

OK

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Ejemplos de código para "Update a reference"

Ejemplo de solicitud

patch/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -X PATCH \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF \ -d '{"sha":"aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd","force":true}'

Response

Status: 200
{ "ref": "refs/heads/featureA", "node_id": "MDM6UmVmcmVmcy9oZWFkcy9mZWF0dXJlQQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/refs/heads/featureA", "object": { "type": "commit", "sha": "aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/aa218f56b14c9653891f9e74264a383fa43fefbd" } }

Delete a reference

Deletes the provided reference.

Tokens de acceso específicos para "Delete a reference"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

El token debe tener el siguiente conjunto de permisos.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

Parámetros para "Delete a reference"

Encabezados
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Parámetros de la ruta de acceso
Nombre, Tipo, Descripción
owner string Requerido

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Requerido

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

ref string Requerido

The Git reference. For more information, see "Git References" in the Git documentation.

Códigos de estado de respuesta HTTP para "Delete a reference"

status codeDescripción
204

No Content

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Ejemplos de código para "Delete a reference"

Ejemplo de solicitud

delete/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/refs/{ref}
curl -L \ -X DELETE \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/refs/REF

Response

Status: 204