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Article version: GitHub.com

OAuth Authorizations

In this article

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Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue password authentication to the API. You must now authenticate to the GitHub API with an API token, such as an OAuth access token, GitHub App installation access token, or personal access token, depending on what you need to do with the token. Password authentication to the API will be removed on November 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

You can use this API to manage the access OAuth applications have to your account. You can only access this API via Basic Authentication using your username and password, not tokens.

If you or your users have two-factor authentication enabled, make sure you understand how to work with two-factor authentication.

List your grants

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

You can use this API to list the set of OAuth applications that have been granted access to your account. Unlike the list your authorizations API, this API does not manage individual tokens. This API will return one entry for each OAuth application that has been granted access to your account, regardless of the number of tokens an application has generated for your user. The list of OAuth applications returned matches what is shown on the application authorizations settings screen within GitHub. The scopes returned are the union of scopes authorized for the application. For example, if an application has one token with repo scope and another token with user scope, the grant will return ["repo", "user"].

get /applications/grants

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

per_page integer query

Results per page (max 100)

page integer query

Page number of the results to fetch.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/applications/grants
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /applications/grants')

Default response

Status: 200 OK
[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "url": "https://api.github.com/applications/grants/1",
    "app": {
      "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
      "name": "my github app",
      "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
    },
    "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
    "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
    "scopes": [
      "public_repo"
    ]
  }
]

Get a single grant

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

get /applications/grants/{grant_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

grant_id integer path

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/applications/grants/42
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /applications/grants/{grant_id}', {
  grant_id: 42
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/applications/grants/1",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ]
}

Delete a grant

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Deleting an OAuth application's grant will also delete all OAuth tokens associated with the application for your user. Once deleted, the application has no access to your account and is no longer listed on the application authorizations settings screen within GitHub.

delete /applications/grants/{grant_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

grant_id integer path

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X DELETE \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/applications/grants/42
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('DELETE /applications/grants/{grant_id}', {
  grant_id: 42
})

Default Response

Status: 204 No Content

List your authorizations

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

get /authorizations

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

per_page integer query

Results per page (max 100)

page integer query

Page number of the results to fetch.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /authorizations')

Default response

Status: 200 OK
[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
    "scopes": [
      "public_repo"
    ],
    "token": "",
    "token_last_eight": "12345678",
    "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
    "app": {
      "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
      "name": "my github app",
      "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
    },
    "note": "optional note",
    "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
    "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
    "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
    "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678"
  }
]

Create a new authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

Creates OAuth tokens using Basic Authentication. If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

To create tokens for a particular OAuth application using this endpoint, you must authenticate as the user you want to create an authorization for and provide the app's client ID and secret, found on your OAuth application's settings page. If your OAuth application intends to create multiple tokens for one user, use fingerprint to differentiate between them.

You can also create tokens on GitHub from the personal access tokens settings page. Read more about these tokens in the GitHub Help documentation.

Organizations that enforce SAML SSO require personal access tokens to be whitelisted. Read more about whitelisting tokens in the GitHub Help documentation.

post /authorizations

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

scopes array of strings body

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

note string body

Required. A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for. Tokens not associated with a specific OAuth application (i.e. personal access tokens) must have a unique note.

note_url string body

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

client_id string body

The 20 character OAuth app client key for which to create the token.

client_secret string body

The 40 character OAuth app client secret for which to create the token.

fingerprint string body

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X POST \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations \
  -d '{"note":"note"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('POST /authorizations', {
  note: 'note'
})

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "abcdefgh12345678",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": ""
}

Get-or-create an authorization for a specific app

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

Creates a new authorization for the specified OAuth application, only if an authorization for that application doesn't already exist for the user. The URL includes the 20 character client ID for the OAuth app that is requesting the token. It returns the user's existing authorization for the application if one is present. Otherwise, it creates and returns a new one.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

put /authorizations/clients/{client_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

client_id string path
client_secret string body

Required. The 40 character OAuth app client secret associated with the client ID specified in the URL.

scopes array of strings body

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

note string body

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_url string body

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

fingerprint string body

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client and user. If provided, this API is functionally equivalent to Get-or-create an authorization for a specific app and fingerprint.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X PUT \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations/clients/CLIENT_ID \
  -d '{"client_secret":"client_secret"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('PUT /authorizations/clients/{client_id}', {
  client_id: 'client_id',
  client_secret: 'client_secret'
})

Response if returning an existing token

Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": ""
}

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "abcdefgh12345678",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": ""
}

Get-or-create an authorization for a specific app and fingerprint

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

Warning: Apps must use the web application flow to obtain OAuth tokens that work with GitHub SAML organizations. OAuth tokens created using the Authorizations API will be unable to access GitHub SAML organizations. For more information, see the blog post.

This method will create a new authorization for the specified OAuth application, only if an authorization for that application and fingerprint do not already exist for the user. The URL includes the 20 character client ID for the OAuth app that is requesting the token. fingerprint is a unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user. It returns the user's existing authorization for the application if one is present. Otherwise, it creates and returns a new one.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

put /authorizations/clients/{client_id}/{fingerprint}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

client_id string path
fingerprint string path
client_secret string body

Required. The 40 character OAuth app client secret associated with the client ID specified in the URL.

scopes array of strings body

A list of scopes that this authorization is in.

note string body

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for.

note_url string body

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X PUT \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations/clients/CLIENT_ID/FINGERPRINT \
  -d '{"client_secret":"client_secret"}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('PUT /authorizations/clients/{client_id}/{fingerprint}', {
  client_id: 'client_id',
  fingerprint: 'fingerprint',
  client_secret: 'client_secret'
})

Response if returning an existing token

Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678"
}

Default response

Status: 201 Created
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "abcdefgh12345678",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678"
}

Get a single authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

get /authorizations/{authorization_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

authorization_id integer path

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations/42
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('GET /authorizations/{authorization_id}', {
  authorization_id: 42
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678"
}

Update an existing authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

If you have two-factor authentication setup, Basic Authentication for this endpoint requires that you use a one-time password (OTP) and your username and password instead of tokens. For more information, see "Working with two-factor authentication."

You can only send one of these scope keys at a time.

patch /authorizations/{authorization_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

authorization_id integer path
scopes array of strings body

Replaces the authorization scopes with these.

add_scopes array of strings body

A list of scopes to add to this authorization.

remove_scopes array of strings body

A list of scopes to remove from this authorization.

note string body

A note to remind you what the OAuth token is for. Tokens not associated with a specific OAuth application (i.e. personal access tokens) must have a unique note.

note_url string body

A URL to remind you what app the OAuth token is for.

fingerprint string body

A unique string to distinguish an authorization from others created for the same client ID and user.

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X PATCH \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations/42 \
  -d '{"scopes":["scopes"]}'
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('PATCH /authorizations/{authorization_id}', {
  authorization_id: 42,
  scopes: [
    'scopes'
  ]
})

Default response

Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 1,
  "url": "https://api.github.com/authorizations/1",
  "scopes": [
    "public_repo"
  ],
  "token": "",
  "token_last_eight": "12345678",
  "hashed_token": "25f94a2a5c7fbaf499c665bc73d67c1c87e496da8985131633ee0a95819db2e8",
  "app": {
    "url": "http://my-github-app.com",
    "name": "my github app",
    "client_id": "abcde12345fghij67890"
  },
  "note": "optional note",
  "note_url": "http://optional/note/url",
  "updated_at": "2011-09-06T20:39:23Z",
  "created_at": "2011-09-06T17:26:27Z",
  "fingerprint": "jklmnop12345678"
}

Delete an authorization

Deprecation Notice: GitHub will discontinue the OAuth Authorizations API, which is used by integrations to create personal access tokens and OAuth tokens, and you must now create these tokens using our web application flow. The OAuth Authorizations API will be removed on November, 13, 2020. For more information, including scheduled brownouts, see the blog post.

delete /authorizations/{authorization_id}

Parameters

Name Type In Description
accept string header

Setting to application/vnd.github.v3+json is recommended

authorization_id integer path

Code samples

Shell
curl \
  -X DELETE \
  -H "Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json" \
  https://api.github.com/authorizations/42
JavaScript (@octokit/core.js)
await octokit.request('DELETE /authorizations/{authorization_id}', {
  authorization_id: 42
})

Default Response

Status: 204 No Content

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