You can sign commits and tags locally, to give other people confidence about the origin of a change you have made. If a commit or tag has a GPG or S/MIME signature that is cryptographically verifiable, GitHub marks the commit or tag "Verified."
If a commit or tag has a signature that can't be verified, GitHub AE marks the commit or tag "Unverified."
Repository administrators can enforce required commit signing on a branch to block all commits that are not signed and verified. For more information, see "About protected branches."
You can check the verification status of your signed commits or tags on GitHub AE and view why your commit signatures might be unverified. For more information, see "Checking your commit and tag signature verification status."
You can use GPG to sign commits with a GPG key that you generate yourself.
GitHub AE uses OpenPGP libraries to confirm that your locally signed commits and tags are cryptographically verifiable against a public key you have added to your account on GitHub AE.
To sign commits using GPG and have those commits verified on GitHub AE, follow these steps:
- Check for existing GPG keys
- Generate a new GPG key
- Add a GPG key to your GitHub account
- Tell Git about your signing key
- Sign commits
- Sign tags
You can use S/MIME to sign commits with an X.509 key issued by your organization.
GitHub AE uses the Debian ca-certificates package, the same trust store used by Mozilla browsers, to confirm that your locally signed commits and tags are cryptographically verifiable against a public key in a trusted root certificate.
Note: S/MIME signature verification is available in Git 2.19 or later. To update your version of Git, see the Git website.
To sign commits using S/MIME and have those commits verified on GitHub AE, follow these steps:
You don't need to upload your public key to GitHub AE.