Quickstart for GitHub Packages

Publish to GitHub Packages with GitHub Actions.

Einführung

In this guide, you'll create a GitHub Actions workflow to test your code and then publish it to GitHub Packages.

Publishing your package

  1. Create a new repository on GitHub, adding the .gitignore for Node. For more information, see "Creating a new repository."

  2. Clone the repository to your local machine.

    $ git clone https://github.com/YOUR-USERNAME/YOUR-REPOSITORY.git
    $ cd YOUR-REPOSITORY
  3. Create an index.js file and add a basic alert to say "Hello world!"

    JavaScript
    alert("Hello, World!");
  4. Initialize an npm package with npm init. In the package initialization wizard, enter your package with the name: @YOUR-USERNAME/YOUR-REPOSITORY, and set the test script to exit 0. This will generate a package.json file with information about your package.

    $ npm init
      ...
      package name: @YOUR-USERNAME/YOUR-REPOSITORY
      ...
      test command: exit 0
      ...    
  1. Run npm install to generate the package-lock.json file, then commit and push your changes to GitHub.

    $ npm install
    $ git add index.js package.json package-lock.json
    $ git commit -m "initialize npm package"
    $ git push
  2. Create a .github/workflows directory. In that directory, create a file named release-package.yml.

  3. Copy the following YAML content into the release-package.yml file.

    YAML
    name: Node.js Package
    
    on:
      release:
        types: [created]
    
    jobs:
      build:
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        steps:
          - uses: actions/checkout@v2
          - uses: actions/setup-node@v1
            with:
              node-version: 12
          - run: npm ci
          - run: npm test
    
      publish-gpr:
        needs: build
        runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        permissions:
          packages: write
          contents: read
        steps:
          - uses: actions/checkout@v2
          - uses: actions/setup-node@v1
            with:
              node-version: 12
              registry-url: https://npm.pkg.github.com/
          - run: npm ci
          - run: npm publish
            env:
              NODE_AUTH_TOKEN: ${{secrets.GITHUB_TOKEN}}
  4. Commit and push your changes to GitHub.

    $ git add .github/workflows/release-package.yml
    $ git commit -m "workflow to publish package"
    $ git push
  5. The workflow that you created will run whenever a new release is created in your repository. If the tests pass, then the package will be published to GitHub Packages.

    To test this out, navigate to the Code tab in your repository and create a new release. Weitere Informationen findest Du unter „Releases in einem Repository verwalten."

Viewing your published package

You can view all of the packages you have published.

  1. Navigiere in GitHub zur Hauptseite des Repository.

  2. To the right of the list of files, click Packages.

    Link „Packages" (Pakete) auf der Übersichtsseite

  3. Klicke auf den Namen des Pakets, das Du anzeigen möchtest. Paketname

Installing a published package

Now that you've published the package, you'll want to use it as a dependency across your projects. For more information, see "Working with the npm registry."

Nächste Schritte:

The basic workflow you just added runs any time a new release is created in your repository. But this is only the beginning of what you can do with GitHub Packages. You can publish your package to multiple registries with a single workflow, trigger the workflow to run on different events such as a merged pull request, manage containers, and more.

Combining GitHub Packages and GitHub Actions can help you automate nearly every aspect of your application development processes. Ready to get started? Here are some helpful resources for taking your next steps with GitHub Packages and GitHub Actions:

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