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REST-API-Endpunkte für Git-Commits

Verwende die REST-API, um mit Commitobjekten in deiner Git-Datenbank in GitHub Enterprise Cloud zu interagieren.

Informationen zu Git-Commits

Ein Git-Commit ist eine Momentaufnahme der Hierarchie (Git-Struktur) und der Inhalte der Dateien (Git-Blob) in einem Git-Repository. Diese Endpunkte ermöglichen dir das Lesen und Schreiben von Commitobjekten in deine Git-Datenbank auf GitHub Enterprise Cloud.

Create a commit

Creates a new Git commit object.

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in the table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Differenzierte Zugriffstoken für "Create a commit"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

Das Token muss einen der folgenden Berechtigungssätze aufweisen.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (write)

Parameter für „Create a commit“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

Textparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
message string Erforderlich

The commit message

tree string Erforderlich

The SHA of the tree object this commit points to

parents array of strings

The SHAs of the commits that were the parents of this commit. If omitted or empty, the commit will be written as a root commit. For a single parent, an array of one SHA should be provided; for a merge commit, an array of more than one should be provided.

author object

Information about the author of the commit. By default, the author will be the authenticated user and the current date. See the author and committer object below for details.

Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
name string Erforderlich

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email string Erforderlich

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

date string

Indicates when this commit was authored (or committed). This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

committer object

Information about the person who is making the commit. By default, committer will use the information set in author. See the author and committer object below for details.

Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
name string

The name of the author (or committer) of the commit

email string

The email of the author (or committer) of the commit

date string

Indicates when this commit was authored (or committed). This is a timestamp in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ.

signature string

The PGP signature of the commit. GitHub adds the signature to the gpgsig header of the created commit. For a commit signature to be verifiable by Git or GitHub, it must be an ASCII-armored detached PGP signature over the string commit as it would be written to the object database. To pass a signature parameter, you need to first manually create a valid PGP signature, which can be complicated. You may find it easier to use the command line to create signed commits.

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Create a commit“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
201

Created

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

422

Validation failed, or the endpoint has been spammed.

Codebeispiele für „Create a commit“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

post/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits
curl -L \ -X POST \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/commits \ -d '{"message":"my commit message","author":{"name":"Mona Octocat","email":"octocat@github.com","date":"2008-07-09T16:13:30+12:00"},"parents":["7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0"],"tree":"827efc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132","signature":"-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----\n\niQIzBAABAQAdFiEESn/54jMNIrGSE6Tp6cQjvhfv7nAFAlnT71cACgkQ6cQjvhfv\n7nCWwA//XVqBKWO0zF+bZl6pggvky3Oc2j1pNFuRWZ29LXpNuD5WUGXGG209B0hI\nDkmcGk19ZKUTnEUJV2Xd0R7AW01S/YSub7OYcgBkI7qUE13FVHN5ln1KvH2all2n\n2+JCV1HcJLEoTjqIFZSSu/sMdhkLQ9/NsmMAzpf/iIM0nQOyU4YRex9eD1bYj6nA\nOQPIDdAuaTQj1gFPHYLzM4zJnCqGdRlg0sOM/zC5apBNzIwlgREatOYQSCfCKV7k\nnrU34X8b9BzQaUx48Qa+Dmfn5KQ8dl27RNeWAqlkuWyv3pUauH9UeYW+KyuJeMkU\n+NyHgAsWFaCFl23kCHThbLStMZOYEnGagrd0hnm1TPS4GJkV4wfYMwnI4KuSlHKB\njHl3Js9vNzEUQipQJbgCgTiWvRJoK3ENwBTMVkKHaqT4x9U4Jk/XZB6Q8MA09ezJ\n3QgiTjTAGcum9E9QiJqMYdWQPWkaBIRRz5cET6HPB48YNXAAUsfmuYsGrnVLYbG+\nUpC6I97VybYHTy2O9XSGoaLeMI9CsFn38ycAxxbWagk5mhclNTP5mezIq6wKSwmr\nX11FW3n1J23fWZn5HJMBsRnUCgzqzX3871IqLYHqRJ/bpZ4h20RhTyPj5c/z7QXp\neSakNQMfbbMcljkha+ZMuVQX1K9aRlVqbmv3ZMWh+OijLYVU2bc=\n=5Io4\n-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----\n"}'

Response

Status: 201
{ "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NzYzODQxN2RiNmQ1OWYzYzQzMWQzZTFmMjYxY2M2MzcxNTU2ODRjZA==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "my commit message", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/827efc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132", "sha": "827efc6d56897b048c772eb4087f854f46256132" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0", "sha": "7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/7d1b31e74ee336d15cbd21741bc88a537ed063a0" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null }, "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd" }

Get a commit object

Gets a Git commit object.

To get the contents of a commit, see "Get a commit."

Signature verification object

The response will include a verification object that describes the result of verifying the commit's signature. The following fields are included in the verification object:

NameTypeDescription
verifiedbooleanIndicates whether GitHub considers the signature in this commit to be verified.
reasonstringThe reason for verified value. Possible values and their meanings are enumerated in the table below.
signaturestringThe signature that was extracted from the commit.
payloadstringThe value that was signed.

These are the possible values for reason in the verification object:

ValueDescription
expired_keyThe key that made the signature is expired.
not_signing_keyThe "signing" flag is not among the usage flags in the GPG key that made the signature.
gpgverify_errorThere was an error communicating with the signature verification service.
gpgverify_unavailableThe signature verification service is currently unavailable.
unsignedThe object does not include a signature.
unknown_signature_typeA non-PGP signature was found in the commit.
no_userNo user was associated with the committer email address in the commit.
unverified_emailThe committer email address in the commit was associated with a user, but the email address is not verified on their account.
bad_emailThe committer email address in the commit is not included in the identities of the PGP key that made the signature.
unknown_keyThe key that made the signature has not been registered with any user's account.
malformed_signatureThere was an error parsing the signature.
invalidThe signature could not be cryptographically verified using the key whose key-id was found in the signature.
validNone of the above errors applied, so the signature is considered to be verified.

Differenzierte Zugriffstoken für "Get a commit object"

This endpoint works with the following fine-grained token types:

Das Token muss einen der folgenden Berechtigungssätze aufweisen.:

  • "Contents" repository permissions (read)

Dieser Endpunkt kann ohne Authentifizierung oder die zuvor erwähnten Berechtigungen verwendet werden, wenn nur öffentliche Ressourcen angefordert werden.

Parameter für „Get a commit object“

Header
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
accept string

Setting to application/vnd.github+json is recommended.

Pfadparameter
Name, type, BESCHREIBUNG
owner string Erforderlich

The account owner of the repository. The name is not case sensitive.

repo string Erforderlich

The name of the repository without the .git extension. The name is not case sensitive.

commit_sha string Erforderlich

The SHA of the commit.

HTTP-Antwortstatuscodes für „Get a commit object“

StatuscodeBESCHREIBUNG
200

OK

404

Resource not found

409

Conflict

Codebeispiele für „Get a commit object“

Beispiel für eine Anfrage

get/repos/{owner}/{repo}/git/commits/{commit_sha}
curl -L \ -H "Accept: application/vnd.github+json" \ -H "Authorization: Bearer <YOUR-TOKEN>" \ -H "X-GitHub-Api-Version: 2022-11-28" \ https://api.github.com/repos/OWNER/REPO/git/commits/COMMIT_SHA

Response

Status: 200
{ "sha": "7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "node_id": "MDY6Q29tbWl0NmRjYjA5YjViNTc4NzVmMzM0ZjYxYWViZWQ2OTVlMmU0MTkzZGI1ZQ==", "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd", "author": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "committer": { "date": "2014-11-07T22:01:45Z", "name": "Monalisa Octocat", "email": "octocat@github.com" }, "message": "added readme, because im a good github citizen", "tree": { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/trees/691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb", "sha": "691272480426f78a0138979dd3ce63b77f706feb" }, "parents": [ { "url": "https://api.github.com/repos/octocat/Hello-World/git/commits/1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "sha": "1acc419d4d6a9ce985db7be48c6349a0475975b5", "html_url": "https://github.com/octocat/Hello-World/commit/7638417db6d59f3c431d3e1f261cc637155684cd" } ], "verification": { "verified": false, "reason": "unsigned", "signature": null, "payload": null } }