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About GitHub Pages

You can use GitHub Pages to host a website about yourself, your organization, or your project directly from a repository on GitHub.com.

GitHub Pages 适用于具有 GitHub Free 和组织的 GitHub Free 的公共仓库,以及具有 GitHub Pro、GitHub Team、GitHub Enterprise Cloud 和 GitHub Enterprise Server 的公共和私有仓库。 有关详细信息,请参阅“GitHub 的产品”。

About GitHub Pages

GitHub Pages is a static site hosting service that takes HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files straight from a repository on GitHub, optionally runs the files through a build process, and publishes a website. You can see examples of GitHub Pages sites in the GitHub Pages examples collection.

You can host your site on GitHub's github.io domain or your own custom domain. For more information, see "Using a custom domain with GitHub Pages."

你可以创建在 Internet 上公开可用的 GitHub Pages 站点。 使用 GitHub Enterprise Cloud 的组织还可以通过管理对站点的访问控制来私下发布站点。 For more information, see "Changing the visibility of your GitHub Pages site" in the GitHub Enterprise Cloud documentation.

To get started, see "Creating a GitHub Pages site."

Organization owners can disable the publication of GitHub Pages sites from the organization's repositories. For more information, see "Managing the publication of GitHub Pages sites for your organization."

Types of GitHub Pages sites

There are three types of GitHub Pages sites: project, user, and organization. Project sites are connected to a specific project hosted on GitHub, such as a JavaScript library or a recipe collection. User and organization sites are connected to a specific account on GitHub.com.

To publish a user site, you must create a repository owned by your personal account that's named <username>.github.io. To publish an organization site, you must create a repository owned by an organization that's named <organization>.github.io. Unless you're using a custom domain, user and organization sites are available at http(s)://<username>.github.io or http(s)://<organization>.github.io.

The source files for a project site are stored in the same repository as their project. Unless you're using a custom domain, project sites are available at http(s)://<username>.github.io/<repository> or http(s)://<organization>.github.io/<repository>.

For more information about how custom domains affect the URL for your site, see "About custom domains and GitHub Pages."

You can only create one user or organization site for each account on GitHub. Project sites, whether owned by an organization or a personal account, are unlimited.

Publishing sources for GitHub Pages sites

警告:GitHub Pages 站点可以在 Internet 上公开,即使该站点的存储库是私有的。 如果站点的存储库中有敏感数据,你可能想要在发布前删除数据。 有关详细信息,请参阅关于存储库

可以在将更改推送到特定分支时发布站点,也可以编写 GitHub Actions 工作流来发布站点。

如果不需要对站点的生成过程进行任何控制,则建议在将更改推送到特定分支时发布站点。 可以指定要用作发布源的分支和文件夹。 源分支可以是存储库中的任何分支,源文件夹可以是源分支上的存储库根目录 (/),也可以是源分支上的 /docs 文件夹。 将更改推送到源分支时,源文件夹中的更改将发布到 GitHub Pages 站点。

如果想使用 Jekyll 以外的生成过程,或者不想使用专用分支来保存已编译的静态文件,则建议编写 GitHub Actions 工作流来发布站点。 GitHub 为常见的发布方案提供入门工作流,以帮助编写工作流。

For more information, see "Configuring a publishing source for your GitHub Pages site."

Static site generators

GitHub Pages publishes any static files that you push to your repository. You can create your own static files or use a static site generator to build your site for you. You can also customize your own build process locally or on another server.

If you use a custom build process or a static site generator other than Jekyll, you can write a GitHub Actions to build and publish your site. GitHub provides starter workflows for several static site generators. For more information, see "Configuring a publishing source for your GitHub Pages site."

If you publish your site from a source branch, GitHub Pages will use Jekyll to build your site by default. If you want to use a static site generator other than Jekyll, we recommend that you write a GitHub Actions to build and publish your site instead. Otherwise, disable the Jekyll build process by creating an empty file called .nojekyll in the root of your publishing source, then follow your static site generator's instructions to build your site locally.

GitHub Pages does not support server-side languages such as PHP, Ruby, or Python.

Limits on use of GitHub Pages

GitHub Pages sites created after June 15, 2016, and using github.io domains are served over HTTPS. If you created your site before June 15, 2016, you can enable HTTPS support for traffic to your site. For more information, see "Securing your GitHub Pages with HTTPS."

Prohibited uses

GitHub Pages is not intended for or allowed to be used as a free web-hosting service to run your online business, e-commerce site, or any other website that is primarily directed at either facilitating commercial transactions or providing commercial software as a service (SaaS). GitHub Pages 站点不应该用于敏感事务,例如发送密码或信用卡号码。

In addition, your use of GitHub Pages is subject to the GitHub Terms of Service, including the restrictions on get-rich-quick schemes, sexually obscene content, and violent or threatening content or activity.

Usage limits

GitHub Pages sites are subject to the following usage limits:

  • GitHub Pages source repositories have a recommended limit of 1 GB. For more information, see "What is my disk quota?"

  • Published GitHub Pages sites may be no larger than 1 GB.

  • GitHub Pages sites have a soft bandwidth limit of 100 GB per month.

  • GitHub Pages sites have a soft limit of 10 builds per hour. This limit does not apply if you build and publish your site with a custom GitHub Actions workflow

  • In order to provide consistent quality of service for all GitHub Pages sites, rate limits may apply. These rate limits are not intended to interfere with legitimate uses of GitHub Pages. If your request triggers rate limiting, you will receive an appropriate response with an HTTP status code of 429, along with an informative HTML body.

If your site exceeds these usage quotas, we may not be able to serve your site, or you may receive a polite email from GitHub 支持 suggesting strategies for reducing your site's impact on our servers, including putting a third-party content distribution network (CDN) in front of your site, making use of other GitHub features such as releases, or moving to a different hosting service that might better fit your needs.

MIME types on GitHub Pages

A MIME type is a header that a server sends to a browser, providing information about the nature and format of the files the browser requested. GitHub Pages supports more than 750 MIME types across thousands of file extensions. The list of supported MIME types is generated from the mime-db project.

While you can't specify custom MIME types on a per-file or per-repository basis, you can add or modify MIME types for use on GitHub Pages. For more information, see the mime-db contributing guidelines.

Data collection

When a GitHub Pages site is visited, the visitor's IP address is logged and stored for security purposes, regardless of whether the visitor has signed into GitHub or not. For more information about GitHub's security practices, see GitHub Privacy Statement.

Further reading