检查现有 SSH 密钥

在生成 SSH 密钥之前,您可以检查是否有任何现有的 SSH 密钥。

Note: GitHub is improving security by dropping older, insecure key types.

DSA keys (ssh-dss) are no longer supported. Existing keys will continue to function through March 15, 2022. You cannot add new DSA keys to your user account on your GitHub Enterprise Server instance.

RSA keys (ssh-rsa) with a valid_after before November 2, 2021 may continue to use any signature algorithm. RSA keys generated after that date must use a SHA-2 signature algorithm. Some older clients may need to be upgraded in order to use SHA-2 signatures.

  1. 打开 Terminal(终端)Terminal(终端)Git Bash

  2. Enter ls -al ~/.ssh to see if existing SSH keys are present.

    $ ls -al ~/.ssh
    # Lists the files in your .ssh directory, if they exist
  3. 检查目录列表以查看是否已经有 SSH 公钥。 By default, the filenames of supported public keys for GitHub Enterprise Server are one of the following.

    • id_rsa.pub
    • id_ecdsa.pub
    • id_ed25519.pub

    Tip: If you receive an error that ~/.ssh doesn't exist, you do not have an existing SSH key pair in the default location. You can create a new SSH key pair in the next step.

  4. Either generate a new SSH key or upload an existing key.

    • If you don't have a supported public and private key pair, or don't wish to use any that are available, generate a new SSH key.

    • If you see an existing public and private key pair listed (for example, id_rsa.pub and id_rsa) that you would like to use to connect to GitHub Enterprise Server, you can add the key to the ssh-agent.

      For more information about generation of a new SSH key or addition of an existing key to the ssh-agent, see "Generating a new SSH key and adding it to the ssh-agent."

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