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此版本的 GitHub Enterprise 将停止服务 2022-10-12. 即使针对重大安全问题,也不会发布补丁。 为了获得更好的性能、更高的安全性和新功能,请升级到最新版本的 GitHub Enterprise。 如需升级帮助,请联系 GitHub Enterprise 支持

Adding a new SSH key to your GitHub account

To configure your account on your GitHub Enterprise Server instance to use your new (or existing) SSH key, you'll also need to add the key to your account.

About addition of SSH keys to your account

可以使用 SSH(安全外壳协议)访问和写入 your GitHub Enterprise Server instance 上的存储库中的数据。 通过 SSH 进行连接时,使用本地计算机上的私钥文件进行身份验证。 For more information, see "About SSH."

After you generate an SSH key pair, you must add the public key to your GitHub Enterprise Server instance to enable SSH access for your account.

Prerequisites

Before adding a new SSH key to your account on your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, complete the following steps.

  1. Check for existing SSH keys. For more information, see "Checking for existing SSH keys."
  2. Generate a new SSH key and add it to your machine's SSH agent. For more information, see "Generating a new SSH key and adding it to the ssh-agent."

Adding a new SSH key to your account

After adding a new SSH authentication key to your account on your GitHub Enterprise Server instance, you can reconfigure any local repositories to use SSH. For more information, see "Switching remote URLs from HTTPS to SSH."

  1. Copy the SSH public key to your clipboard.

    If your SSH public key file has a different name than the example code, modify the filename to match your current setup. When copying your key, don't add any newlines or whitespace.

    $ pbcopy < ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub
      # Copies the contents of the id_ed25519.pub file to your clipboard

    Tip: If pbcopy isn't working, you can locate the hidden .ssh folder, open the file in your favorite text editor, and copy it to your clipboard.

    $ clip < ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub
      # Copies the contents of the id_ed25519.pub file to your clipboard

    Tip: If clip isn't working, you can locate the hidden .ssh folder, open the file in your favorite text editor, and copy it to your clipboard.

    $ cat ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub
      # Then select and copy the contents of the id_ed25519.pub file
      # displayed in the terminal to your clipboard

    Tip: Alternatively, you can locate the hidden .ssh folder, open the file in your favorite text editor, and copy it to your clipboard.

  2. 在任何页面的右上角,单击个人资料照片,然后单击“设置”。

    用户栏中的 Settings 图标

  3. In the user settings sidebar, click SSH and GPG keys. Authentication keys

  4. Click New SSH key or Add SSH key.

    SSH Key button

  5. In the "Title" field, add a descriptive label for the new key. For example, if you're using a personal laptop, you might call this key "Personal laptop".

  6. Paste your key into the "Key" field.

    The key field

  7. Click Add SSH key. The Add key button

  8. 如果出现提示,请确认你的帐户是否拥有 GitHub Enterprise Server 访问权限。 有关详细信息,请参阅“Sudo 模式”。

若要详细了解 GitHub CLI,请参阅“关于 GitHub CLI”。

Before you can use the GitHub CLI to add an SSH key to your account, you must authenticate to the GitHub CLI. For more information, see gh auth login in the GitHub CLI documentation.

To add an SSH authentication key to your GitHub account, use the ssh-key add subcommand, specifying your public key.

gh ssh-key add KEY-FILE

To include a title for the new key, use the -t or --title flag.

gh ssh-key add KEY-FILE --title "personal laptop"

If you generated your SSH key by following the instructions in "Generating a new SSH key", you can add the key to your account with this command.

gh ssh-key add ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub